Tumbara, Tumbāra: 8 definitions

Introduction

Tumbara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tumbara (तुम्बर).—A Vindhyan tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 53.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Tumbara (तुम्बर) is the name of a gandharva god according to both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara traditions. The gandharvas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The gandharvas have a golden appearance according to the Digambaras and the Tumbaru tree is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree). They have a blackish complexion and are beautiful in appearance, have excellent physiognomy, sweet voices and are adorned with crowns and neckalces according to the Śvetāmbaras.

The deities such as Tumbara are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

1) Tumbara (तुम्बर) or Tindaka refers to the tree associated with Śreyāṃśanātha: the eleventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina texts concur in giving Śreyāṃśanātha the symbol of a rhinoceros. The Yakṣa and the Yakṣiṇī to serve him as guards of honour, have been named as Yakṣeta and Mānavī (Digambara: Īśvara and Gaurī) respectively. The tree special to him was Tumbara or Tindaka according to some authorities. Rājā Tripiṣṭa Vāsudeva was to act as a Chowri-bearer.

2) Tumbara (तुम्बर) or Tumbaru is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Sumatinātha: the fifth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—Sumatinātha is known from the Jaina Literature to be associaledwith the symbol of a curlow (Krauñca) or a red goose. The Kevala tree, in his case, is Priyaṃgu. The Yakṣa and Yakṣī attending upon him in the image are named Tumbaru and Mahākālī. His chowribearer is called Mitravīrya.

Tumbara is attached to Sumatinātha Jina as an attendant Yakṣa. That his vehicle is Garuḍa is attested by the scriptures of both the sects of Jainism. His attributes according to the Śvctāmbara iconography are: Varada, Śakti (spear) club and noose whereas the Digambara variants are these: two snakes, fruit and Varadar. The Digambara scripture gives him in addition a snake in the shape of a holy thread.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Tumbara is the name of a forest that formed a principal part of the Cetiyapabbata Vihāra: a locality that once existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Tumbara forest is of the 32 mālakas, Mahinda Thera marked first the Tumbarū mālaka. Cetiyapabbata Vihāra, called Seygiri or Sāgiri in Sinhalese literature and inscriptions, is modern Mihintale Vihāra.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭumbara (टुंबर).—n A bump or rising upon the body; an excrescence or a knob upon a tree or plant; a mound, tump, hummock, or little protuberance upon the ground.

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ṭumbara (टुंबर) [or टुंबरूक, ṭumbarūka].—n A wart or callous bump; a rising upon the body; a knot on trees; a mound upon the ground.

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tumbārā (तुंबारा).—m sometimes tumbāḍā m (tumbaṇēṃ) Anything applied to swell up or to stop water; a dam or an embankment, a plug or stopper. 2 Water accumulated by stoppage; and fig. business accumulated. 3 Swollen or accumulated state (of water). 4 A clout &c. driven in to stop a leak. 5 Applied also to Congestion or accumulation (of blood): and, by some, to the impetuous gush, rush, or issue (of blood or water) upon the opening of a passage. v lāga, dhara, phuṭa, suṭa, sōḍa. Ex. raktācā tuṃ0 lāgūna raktabambāḷa jhālē. tuṃ0 sōḍaṇēṃ To let blood copiously. Ex. tuṃ0 sōḍalyā- sārakhēṃ tōṇḍa vāṛyāsa dēūṃ nayē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭumbara (टुंबर) [or ṭhumbarūka, or ठुंबरूक].—n A wart or callous bump; a rising upon the body.

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tumbārā (तुंबारा).—m A plug, dam. Water accumulat- ed by stoppage. Swollen state (of water).

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tumbara (तुम्बर).—Name of a Gandharva; see तुम्बरु (tumbaru).

-ram A kind of musical instrument.

Derivable forms: tumbaraḥ (तुम्बरः).

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Tumbāra (तुम्बार).—Felly (Mar. tuṃbā).

Derivable forms: tumbāram (तुम्बारम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tumbara (तुम्बर):—n. = raka, [Kauśika-sūtra 76]

2) its fruit, [Madanavinoda]

3) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Harivaṃśa 311] ([varia lectio] bura)

4) m. sg. for buru (Gandharva), [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha i, 63]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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