Tripuradahana, Tripura-dahana: 7 definitions


Tripuradahana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[«previous next»] — Tripuradahana in Shilpashastra glossary
Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन).—(According to the Śilparatna), Śiva in the act of destroying the three-castle (tripura-dahana) should possess sixteen arms. In this instance, the following six objects should be carried in addition to those mentioned in connection with the image of Siva with ten arms; namely, the bāṇa, the cakra and the gadā in the right hands and the bow, a bell and the śaṅkha in the left hands.

When Śiva has ten arms, the right hands should carry an akṣamālā, a sword, the śaktyayudha, the daṇḍa and the śūla; whereas the left hands should carry the khaṭvāṅga, a snake, a skull, the kheṭaka and the deer.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tripuradahana in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन) refers to the “destruction of the three demon cities”, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Of Śiva’s exploits the best known is the Tripuradahana (“destruction of the three demon cities”).

The Saurapurāṇa in two chapters 34 and 35 relates the Tripuradhana myth thus:—

“The demon Tāraka who was killed by Kārttikeya had three sons namely Vidyunmāli, Tārakākṣa and Kamalāksa. [...] Then the demons consulting each other prayed Brahmā to grant the boon of establishing three cities and live there roaming in the three worlds. [...] Then Maya, the architect, created three cities, the iron one in the earth for Vidyunmāli, the silver one in the midair for Tārakākṣa and the other of gold in the heaven for Kamalāksa.

[...] Seeing the splendour of these cities the gods became unhappy and went to Viṣṇu to inform about this and to seek protection. In order to kill the demons Viṣṇu initiated a sacrifice in honour of Śiva [...] Visnu praised Śiva with a stotra and the latter was pleased to do the work of the Gods. Thus the chariot of Śiva was ready for the expedition against Tripura. [...] Śiva propitiated Vināyaka at the outset to set out for destroying Tripura. When Śiva aimed his arrow the moment was very auspicious and the three cities fell in one line. Śiva pierced those in a single arrow. As a result the three cities were burnt”.

Note: The embryo of the Tripuradahana story is found in the Vedic literature (cf. Taittirīya-saṃhitā).—The Tripuradahana myth is narrated in the Mahābhārata (cf. Karṇaparva chapter 24 and in Anuśāsanaparva chapter 166).—This myth is found in many Purāṇas (cf. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7.10.53-71; Padmapurāṇa 3.14-15; Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa 1.225.1-12; Varāhapurāṇa 136.16-46; Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1-10; Skandapurāṇa, Kārttikamāhātmya 35.33-43, etc.). However the Matsyapurāṇa narrates this story in twelve chapters (129-140) in a full-fledged form in beautiful poetic style. But other versions don’t vary much with the Mahābhārata version.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tripuradahana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन).—m.

(-naḥ) A name of Siva. E. tripura the country of Tripura, and dahana burning, consuming; the Asura and his three cities being destroyed by Mahadeva; also similar names, as tripurajit, tripurasūdana, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—kāvya, by Ravisūnu. K. 58. Report. Ix. Lxi.
—by Nārāyaṇa Bhaṭṭa. Oppert. 2612. 2851. 5989.
—by Vāsudeva. As. Society of Greatbritain 1884, 452.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन):—[=tri-pura-dahana] [from tri-pura > tri] m. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a drama

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tripuradahana (त्रिपुरदहन):—[tripura-dahana] (naḥ) 1. m. Shiva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tripuradahana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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