Trikatu, Trikaṭu, Tri-katu: 15 definitions


Trikatu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु, “three spices”) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, eg:

  1. Pippalī (long pepper ), 
  2. Marica (black pepper ), 
  3. Śṛṅgavera or Śuṇṭhī (dried ginger).

They are classified as destroying fat and kapha, meha, curing abdominal glands, catarrh, dullness of the appetite and indigestion. It was originally composed by Suśruta in his Suśrutasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXXVIII, a classic work on Āyurveda. The name is derived from the words tri (‘three’) and kaṭu, translating to “pungent” or “spice”. The collection of herbs named Trikaṭu is but one of the thirty-seven gaṇas (‘sections’) of such groups.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā it also has medicinal properties used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work, it also bears the name Vyoṣa.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug combination.—Trikaṭu, like Triphalā, is the combination of three pungents—Śuṇṭhī, Pippalī and Marica. It destroys vāta and kapha and promotes digestive fire.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

The Trikatu group consists of

  1. Pippali,
  2. Maricha
  3. and Shringavera.

It destroys fat and Kapham, proves curative in cutaneous affections, leprosy (Kushtha), and morbid discharges from the urethra, and is possessed of the virtue of curing abdominal glands, catarrh, dullness of the appetite and indigestion.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु) refers to the “three pungents”, and is employed in the treatment of poison (viṣa), such as that resulting from maṇḍali (viperine snake-bites) and maṇḍaliviṣa, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The third chapter covers maṇḍali (viperine) snake treatment. [...] Vegānusāra-cikitsā (stage wise treatment), specific symptoms and treatment of 16 types of maṇḍali snakes are explained here. E.g.: In rakta-maṇḍali bite, bleeding from nose and mouth, foul smell, deep enmity, hatred, fainting etc. will be seen. When these are the symptoms, curd, trikaṭu (three pungents), saindhava (rock salt), butter, honey and Kuṣṭha (Saussurea lappa) should be mixed and used internally. Management of complications in maṇḍali viṣa also has been explained. Management of complications in maṇḍaliviṣa also has been explained. [...]

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु):—Four pungents; group of four parts of three plants which are punj+D461ent in taste viz. , Piper nigrum, Elettaria cardamomum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Cinnamomum tamala

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु) refers to a type of powder, and is used in the various Anupāna (“drink take”), according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The Anupāna i.e. the drink take along with or after medicine was important in treatment. Because it may help in carrying, absorption, assimilation and enhancing action of the drugs. Normally the selection of anupāna is done depends upon disease, doṣa etc.—[...] In diseases of the deranged kapha sarṣapa-taila (mustard oil) with vyoṣa/trikaṭu powders are used as anupāna.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Trikatu refers to a combination of the three pungents, viz., shunthi, pippali, and maricha. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trikaṭu (त्रिकटु).—m S An aggregate of three spices, viz. dry ginger, black pepper, long pepper.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु).—dry ginger, black pepper and long pepper taken together as a drug; शिरामोक्षं विधायास्य दद्यात् त्रिकटुकं गुडम् (śirāmokṣaṃ vidhāyāsya dadyāt trikaṭukaṃ guḍam) Śālihotra 62.

Trikaṭu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and kaṭu (कटु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु).—m.

(-ṭuḥ) The aggregate of three spices, viz. black and long pepper, and dry ginger. E. tri three, or three-fold, and kaṭu pungent, (as a spice.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु):—[=tri-kaṭu] [from tri] n. the 3 spices (black and long pepper and dry ginger), [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] cf. kaṭu-traya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikaṭu (त्रिकटु):—[tri-kaṭu] (ṭuḥ) 2. m. The aggregate of three spices, black and long pepper and dry ginger.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trikatu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trikaṭu (ತ್ರಿಕಟು):—[noun] (collectively) the three pungent, medicinal substances ginger, long pepper and pepper.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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