Trikalinga, Trikaliṅga, Tri-kalinga: 4 definitions


Trikalinga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Tribes in Ancient India

Trikaliṅga (त्रिकलिङ्ग).—The reference to Trikaliṅga in some of the old records is very interesting. The South Indian dynasties that ruled in the northern districts of Madras, C.P., and Orissa assumed the title ‘Lord of Trikaliṅga’ or ‘Trikaliṅgādhipati’. Kaliṅga, evidently in a narrow sense, has always been distinguished in literature and sometimes also in epigraphs from Oḍra and Utkala and Kośala; but we must also take the Puranic statement into consideration that the Amarakaṇṭaka hill was situated in the western half of Kaliṅga.

Mention may also be made in this connection to Pliny’s reference to three Kaliṅgas in his time, already mentioned:

  1. the Gangaridae-Calingae, the Kaliṅgas who lived conterminously with the Gangaridae,
  2. the Macco-Calingae, either the Mekala-Kaliṅgas or (Macco = Muka = three) the Muka-Kaliṅgas (perhaps identical with Mukhaliṅgam/Mukhaliṅga)
  3. and the Calingae proper.

The word Tilang which we meet with in some Arabic records evidently is a corruption of this Trikaliṅga which is also responsible for the term Talaing used to designate the ancient people of Lower Burma or Ramaññadeśa who must have originally migrated from the Trikaliṅga countries.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trikalinga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trikaliṅga (त्रिकलिङ्ग):—[=tri-kaliṅga] [from tri] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iv, 9 a/b.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Trikalinga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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