Tras: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Tras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tras (त्रस्).—I. 1, 4 P. (trasati, trasyati, trasta)

1) To quake, tremble, shake, start with fear.

2) To fear, dread, be afraid of (with abl., sometimes with gen. or instr.); यस्य त्रसन्ति शवसः (yasya trasanti śavasaḥ) Ṛgveda 6.14.4; प्रमदवनात्त्रस्यति (pramadavanāttrasyati) K.255; कपेर- त्रासिषुर्नादात् (kapera- trāsiṣurnādāt) Bhaṭṭikāvya 9.11;5.75;14.48;15.58; Śiśupālavadha 8.24; Kirātārjunīya 8.7.

3) To run away, run from. -Caus. (trāsayati-te) To frighten, terrify. -II. 1 U. (trāsayati-te)

1) To go, move.

2) To hold.

3) To take, seize.

4) To oppose, prevent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tras (त्रस्).—[(ī) trasī] r. 1st and 4th cls. (trasati trasyati) 1. To fear, to be afraid. 2. To run, to go quickly. (i) trasi r. 1st and 10th cls. (traṃsati traṃsayati-te) 1. To speak. 2. To shine. Also trasa r. 10th cl. (trasayati-te) 1. To hold. 2. To seize or take. 3. To oppose to prevent or forbid. 4. To frighten. bhvā0 divā0 pa0 aka0 seṭ . kṣurā0 ubha0 aka0 seṭ idit .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tras (त्रस्).—i. 1 and 4, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 17, 20), To tremble, to be afraid, Mahābhārata 7, 1402; 6, 20. trasta, Trembling, Mahābhārata 3, 1431; fearful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 49, 1; Mahābhārata 4, 841. Comp. A-trasta, adj. intrepid, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 21. [Causal.] trāsaya, To frighten, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 43, 3; anomalous ptcple. of the pres. [Ātmanepada.] trāsayāna, Mahābhārata 6, 2141. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. trāsanīya, Terrible, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2430.

— With the prep. apa apa, To retire in fear, Mahābhārata 12, 2526.

— With ava ava, avatrasta, Frightened, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2520.

— With ud ud, uttrasta, Frightened, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 148. [Causal.] To frighten, Hariv, 3377.

— With pari pari, paritrasta, Trembling, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10127; frightened, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 54, 7.

— With vi vi, To tremble, to be afraid, Mahābhārata 3, 8663. vi- trasta, Frightened, Mahābhārata 1, 5964. Comp. A-vitrasta, adj. intrepid, Mahābhārata 1, 5496. [Causal.] To frighten, to alarm, Mahābhārata 3, 698; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 196.

— With sam sam, To be afraid, Mahābhārata 7, 103. saṃtrasta, Frightened, Mahābhārata 6, 2640. Comp. Su-saṃtrasta, adj. very frightened, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 29. [Causal.] To frighten, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 212.

— With abhisam abhi-sam, abhisaṃtrasta, Frightened, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 9, 6 Gorr.

— Cf. trāsa, (for ), (for ), [Gothic.] thlahsjan; [Latin] terrere (for tersere, tresere); cf. tarala, tṛ10, tur, trap; [Latin] tremo, probably tristis, and many other words.

--- OR ---

Tras (त्रस्).—i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To hold, or to take, or to prevent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tras (त्रस्).—trasati (trasate) & trasyati (trasyate) [participle] trasta tremble, quake, be afraid of ([ablative], [genetive], or [instrumental]). [Causative] trāsayati (te) shake, agitate, frighten, scare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tras (त्रस्):—1. tras [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] trāsayati ([indeclinable participle] sayitvā) to seize, [Mṛcchakaṭikā iii, 17/18];

—to prevent, [Dhātupāṭha]

2) 2. tras [class] 1. trasati ([Pāṇini 3-1, 70]), [class] 4. trasyati ([Mahābhārata] etc.; [Epic] also [Ātmanepada]; [perfect tense] 3. tatrasur [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi] or tresur [Devī-māhātmya ix, 21] [Pāṇini 6-4, 124])

2) —to tremble, quiver, be afraid of ([ablative] [genitive case], rarely [instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda vi, 14, 4] and (p. f. tarasantī), [x, 85, 8; Atharva-veda v, 21, 8; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.:

2) —[Causal] trāsayati ([Epic] also [Ātmanepada]) to cause to tremble, frighten, scare, [Mahābhārata etc.];

3) cf. Zend √tares; τρέω; [Latin] terreo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tras (त्रस्):—trasati 1. a. (ya, ī) trasyati 4. a. To fear; to run. (ki, i) traṃsati traṃsayati to speak; to shine. 1. 10. a. (ka) trāsayati To hold; to seize, to forbid; to frighten.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tras (त्रस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ḍara, Tasa, Vajja, Vujja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tras in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of tras in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tras in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) fear, fright, scare, terror, dread; ~[ka/kara/kari] fearful; frightening, frightful, terrifying..—tras (त्रास) is alternatively transliterated as Trāsa.

context information

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