Trapu: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Trapu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Trapu (त्रपु) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Tin”, a chemical element with the symbol Sn, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Tin is found throughout the Earth’s crus, but does not occur as the native element.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Trapu (त्रपु) refers to “tin”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. Iron (āyasa), lead (sīsaka) and tin (trapu) are used for making images of wicked and terrific aspects.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Trapu (त्रपु) denotes ‘tin’ in the Atharvaveda and later. Its quality of being easily smelted, which Roth thinks is indicated by the name (as derived from the root trap, ‘be ashamed’), is clearly alluded to in the Atharvaveda passage.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Trapu (त्रपु) refers to “tin (begging bowls)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[6. Use of a Stone Bowl].—‘The Buddha forbade the Bhikṣus to use eight kinds of bowls (pātra)’.—[...] [Bowl 7]: The wooden (dāru) bowl.—Since it retains grease (meda) and is not clean, the Buddha does not permit it to be kept. [Bowls 5, 6, 8]—The other three bowls [copper (tāmra), tin (trapu) and stone (śaila) do not have such disadvantages. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Trapu (त्रपु) refers to “tin”: a metal that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals (e.g., trapu) and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products. The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु).—n. [agniṃ dṛṣṭvā trapate lajjate iva, trap-un Tv.]

1) Tin; Av.11.3.8; Ch. Up.4.17.7; यदि मणिस्त्रपुणि प्रतिबध्यते (yadi maṇistrapuṇi pratibadhyate) Pt.1.75;

2) Lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु).—n. (-pu) 1. Tin. 2. Lead. E. trap to be modest, Unadi affix un.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु).—[trap + u], n. Tin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 114.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु).—[neuter] tin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु):—n. (1, 177 [Kāśikā-vṛtti]) tin, [Atharva-veda xi, 3, 8; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xviii; Kapiṣṭhala-saṃhitā; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trapu (त्रपु):—(puḥ) 1. n. Tin; lead.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Trapu (त्रपु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tau, Taua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trapu in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trapu (ತ್ರಪು):—

1) [noun] a heavy soft malleable ductile plastic but inelastic bluish white metallic element found mostly in combination and used especially in pipes, cable sheaths, batteries, solder, and shields against radioactivity (symbol Pb.); lead.

2) [noun] another soft, silver-white, crystalline, metallic chemical element, malleable at ordinary temperatures, capable of a high polish, and used as an alloy in tinfoil, solders, utensils, type metals, superconducting magnets, etc. and in making tin plate (symbol Sn.); tin.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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