Tomara: 28 definitions

Introduction:

Tomara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Tomara (तोमर, “javelin”):—In Hindu iconology (śilpaśāstra), this symbol has the same characteristics as the spear, which is mental focus on the goal. It is also one of six items that Agni is displayed carrying. Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods, represents divine illumination

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tomara (तोमर).—A place of habitation situated on the northeast part of Bhārata. (Śloka 69, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tomara (तोमर) refers to “spikes” (i.e., a weapon), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“on hearing these words of Dakṣa. the gods including Indra set off immediately in their readiness to fight. [...] A great fight ensued between the Devas and the Gaṇas. Those powerful warriors fought with each other with sharp spikes [tīkṣṇa-tomara], iron clubs etc.”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tomara (तोमर).—An eastern hill tribe;1 an eastern kingdom;2 country of the, watered by the Nalinī.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 51; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 120; 47. 56.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 68.
  • 3) Ib. II. 18. 59.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tomara (तोमर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.17.11, III.167.20, III.170.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tomara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a weapon (“lance”, “javelin”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (weapons)

Tomara refers to an iron club and represents a kind of weapon employed in warfare by the soldiers, according to Śrīnātha’s 15th century Palanāṭivīra-caritra. The Vardhmānapuram inscription states that the king should be proficient in dealing several varieties of weapons.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a weapon which should measure should measure eight tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as tomara should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Tomara (तोमर) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., tomara) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Research Gate: On Fish in Manasollasa (c. 1131 AD)

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a type of fish identified with Belone annulata Day., as mentioned in the 12th-century Mānasollāsa or Abhilaṣitārthachintāmaṇi, an ancient Sanskrit text describing thirty-five kinds of marine and fresh water fishes.—Tomara has been described as a medium-sized marine fish and most likely, scaly. The word tomara in Sanskrit means a spear-like weapon or a forceful stroke. Hora (1951) suggested that tomara could be the garfish (needle fish) Belone annulata Day. We agree with Hora’s identification.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a “mallet” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “He has eight faces and, very powerful, shines like a white lotus. He is mightily proud and has sharp teeth and great body. He is terrible and fierce and his face is deformed. O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet [i.e., tomara] and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Tomara (तोमर) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Tomara).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Tomara refers to one of the thirty-six Rajput clans, according to various inscriptions and literature. They are possible part Padmanabha list, who compiled the 15th-century Kanhadadeprabandha, a work describing the Muslim invasion of Gujarat of 1298 AD. The kingdom or dynasty of the Tomaras had their own princes and nobles and were further separated into sub-clans and families. Their name can also be spelled as Tomar.

The Rajputs are a Hindu race claiming to be descendants of the ancient Kṣatriya-varṇa (warrior caste). Originally, the Rajputs consisted of two principal branches: the Sūryavaṃśa (solar race) and the Candravaṃśa (lunar race), to which later was added the Agnivaṃśa (fire-born race).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tomara : (m.; nt.) a spear; a lance (for driving elephants).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tomara, (m. nt.) (Sk. tomara from tud, see tudati) a pike, spear, lance, esp. the lance of an elephant-driver D. II, 266 (tutta-t. a driving lance); M. III, 133 (t. hattha); Vism. 235; DA. I, 147. (Page 307)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tōmara (तोमर).—m n S An iron club or crow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tomara (तोमर).—

1) An iron club; Mb.7.142.45.

2) A javelin.

3) A kind of crescent-shaped edge of an arrow with the ends of the crescent pointing downwards; Dhanur. V.

Derivable forms: tomaraḥ (तोमरः), tomaram (तोमरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tomara (तोमर).—(mss. sometimes Tomala), name of a Licchavi leader: Mahāvastu i.254.13 ff.; 288.6. Probably a family or gotra name, since the person uses the pl. Tomarāṇām (of whom he is one) in 256.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tomara (तोमर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. An iron club or crow. 2. A lance. E. tu Sautra root, to hurt, affix vic, tu that which injures, mṛ to die, affix karaṇe ac, and the vowel of tu changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tomara (तोमर).— (perhaps tud + man + a, with r for n). 1. m. and n. A javelin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 74, 31. 2. m. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 6, 377.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tomara (तोमर).—[masculine] [neuter] spear, lance; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tomara (तोमर):—mn. ([gana] ardharcādi) a lance, javelin, [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) m. [plural] Name of a people, [vi, 377]

3) m. sg. Name of the ancestor of a commentator on [Devī-māhātmya]

4) n. a metre of 4 x 9 syllables.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tomara (तोमर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] An iron crow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tomara (तोमर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tomara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tomara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Tomara (तोमर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tomara.

2) Tomara (तोमर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tomara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tōmara (ತೋಮರ):—

1) [noun] = ತೋಮರರಗಳೆ [tomararagale].

2) [noun] a spear-like, heavy weapon.

3) [noun] an arrow with a crescent-shaped blade at the tip.

4) [noun] a heavy, metal club; a mace.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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