Tomara; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tomara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Tomara (तोमर, “javelin”):—In Hindu iconology (śilpaśāstra), this symbol has the same characteristics as the spear, which is mental focus on the goal. It is also one of six items that Agni is displayed carrying. Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods, represents divine illumination

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Purāṇa

Tomara (तोमर).—An eastern hill tribe;1 an eastern kingdom;2 country of the, watered by the Nalinī.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 51; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 120; 47. 56.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 68.
  • 3) Ib. II. 18. 59.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a weapon (“lance”, “javelin”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Tomara refers to an iron club and represents a kind of weapon employed in warfare by the soldiers, according to Śrīnātha’s 15th century Palanāṭivīra-caritra. The Vardhmānapuram inscription states that the king should be proficient in dealing several varieties of weapons.

(Source): Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (weapons)
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tomara (तोमर) refers to a weapon which should measure should measure eight tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as tomara should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Tomara (तोमर) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., tomara) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism

Pali

tomara : (m.; nt.) a spear; a lance (for driving elephants).

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tomara, (m. nt.) (Sk. tomara from tud, see tudati) a pike, spear, lance, esp. the lance of an elephant-driver D. II, 266 (tutta-t. a driving lance); M. III, 133 (t. hattha); Vism. 235; DA. I, 147. (Page 307)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

India history and geogprahy

Tomara refers to one of the thirty-six Rajput clans, according to various inscriptions and literature. They are possible part Padmanabha list, who compiled the 15th-century Kanhadadeprabandha, a work describing the Muslim invasion of Gujarat of 1298 AD. The kingdom or dynasty of the Tomaras had their own princes and nobles and were further separated into sub-clans and families. Their name can also be spelled as Tomar.

The Rajputs are a Hindu race claiming to be descendants of the ancient Kṣatriya-varṇa (warrior caste). Originally, the Rajputs consisted of two principal branches: the Sūryavaṃśa (solar race) and the Candravaṃśa (lunar race), to which later was added the Agnivaṃśa (fire-born race).

(Source): Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

tōmara (तोमर).—m n S An iron club or crow.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shikhara
Śikhara (शिखर) refers to “bow-hold, crest” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand ge...
Aparajita
1) Aparājitā (अपराजिता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1...
Hara
Hara or Ahara is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscript...
Kapittha
Kapittha (कपित्थ).—The wood apple tree; Bhāg.8.2.14.-ttham 1 The fruit of the above tree.2) A p...
Nalini
Nalinī (नलिनी) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) describe...
Pariyatra
Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) refers to one of the seven kulaparvatas (chief mountains) mentioned in th...
Karttikeya
Karttikeya (कर्त्तिकेय) as depicted according to images found found in the hills near Ciplun in...
Tutta
Tutta, (nt.) (Sk tottra, from tudati to prick, push) a pike for guiding elephants, a goad for d...
Ahirbudhnya
Ahirbudhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य).—A Rudra, and son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. ...
Tudati
Tudati, (Vedic tudati; *steud, enlarged fr. *steu, cp. Lat. tundo, tudes (hammer); Goth. stau...
Yatthi
Yaṭṭhi, (f.) (cp. Vedic yaṣṭi. Another Pali form is laṭṭhi) 1. a staff, stick, pole M. III, 133...
Panimukta
Pāṇimukta (पाणिमुक्त) are when the weapons are thrown by hand, such as stones, tomara and ot...

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