Tirumular, Tirumūlar: 2 definitions


Tirumular means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Tirumular in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Tirumūlar is the name of one of the eighteen Siddhars mentioned in the Abhidāna-cintāmaṇi, a 12th century lexicon by Hemacandra. The Siddhars refers to ancient intellectuals of Tamil Nadu and are the teachers of Siddha medicine: an ancient practice of South-India claiming to over 8,000 years old.

According to tradition, Nandi and Agastya learnt the Siddha system of medicine and Śivayoga from Śiva, and imparted it to a number of disciples (eg., Tirumūlar). These Siddhars are united by their philosophy, accepting the human body as the microcosm of the universe, and seeing the human evolution as the ultimate accomplishment of the regenerative power of the Universe.

Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)

Tirumūlar was a celebrated Siddha, an ascetic and philosopher. Like all other Siddhas, dating the period of Tirumūlar is also difficult as well as some of the sources claim that he was a contemporary of Agastya, and like him exerted himself in diffusing the worship of Śiva amongst the Tamils.

Tirumūlar is the author of the Tirumandiram: a major work in Tamiḻ on Tantra-śāstra.—Tirumūlar is considered to be the first of the Siddha. He gives out the experience both in a classical language and in the language of the masses; the ecstatic outpourings of a Siddha are also there in his work.

Many Siddhas claimed their relationship to Tirumūlar (Mūla-varga). One of them was Koṅgaṇar, the disciple of Bogar. Koṅgaṇar mentioned in the first part of Vāda-kāviyam (verse 308) that he was the grandson of Tirumūlar.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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