Tiraskrita, Tiraskṛta: 10 definitions


Tiraskrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tiraskṛta can be transliterated into English as Tiraskrta or Tiraskrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Tiraskrita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत) refers to an “injured party” and represents one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., tiraskṛta—injured party], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tiraskrita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत) refers to “being insulted”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.9 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Tāraka-Asura fought with the Gods: “[...] Seeing Indra thus insulted (tiraskṛta), the powerful lord Viṣṇu lifted his discus and hit Tāraka. Hit by the discus he fell on the ground. Getting up again, the lord of the Asuras hit Viṣṇu with his spear. On being hit by the spear Viṣṇu fell on the ground. There was a great uproar. The gods lamented much. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत) refers to one of the various mantradoṣa (“defects of mantras”), according to Tantric digests such as the Bṛhattantrasāra (part 4 page 814), Nāradapurāṇa (Nārada-mahā-purāṇa) (verses 64.14-58), Śaradātilaka (verses 2.71-108), Padārthādarśa and Śrīvidyārṇava-tantra.—Tiraskṛta is defined as “in the middle of the mantra there is the syllable yes twice, at the top there is huṃ, and at the end phaṭ”. [unverified translation!] The Mantra defect elimination methods consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra).—See Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tiraskrita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत).—p S Scorned or spurned, rejected with contempt or disgust.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tiraskrita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत).—p. p.

1) Disregarded, despised.

2) Abused, condemned.

3) Concealed, covered.

4) Disappeared, vanished.

5) Surpassed, excelled.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत) or Tiras.—(°-) (compare Pali tiro, outside, especially as prior member of cpds.), in composition with -prātiveśya, taken by Divyāvadāna Index (and [Boehtlingk]) as meaning near (neighbor), but rather outside (neighbor), (neighbor) living outside (one's own house): tiraḥprātiveśya-suhṛt-svajanādibhyo Divyāvadāna 234.24; tena tiraḥprātiveśyāḥ pṛṣṭāḥ 272.4; tiraskṛta- prātiveśya-sajana-(read -svajana-?)-yuvatyaś 235.19. See also s.v. tiryak, where it is suggested that even Sanskrit tiras may have this meaning in Mārk. Pur. 17.3 ([Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 2a).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Reviled, abused, reproached, censured. 2. Veiled, hidden. 3. Vanished, disappeared. E. tiras, and kṛta made. tiras + kṛ-karmaṇi kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Reviled; hid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tiraskṛta (तिरस्कृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃbāḍiya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tiraskrita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tiraskṛta (ತಿರಸ್ಕೃತ):—

1) [adjective] treated as inferior; regarded with contempt; despised.

2) [adjective] not accepted; rejected.

3) [adjective] discarded.

4) [adjective] concealed; hidden.

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Tiraskṛta (ತಿರಸ್ಕೃತ):—[noun] that which or he who is rejected or despised.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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