Timi, Timī: 19 definitions
Timi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Timi in the Assamese language is the name of a plant identified with Mitragyna rotundifolia (Roxb.) Kuntze from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Mitragyna brunonis, Nauclea brunonis, Nauclea rotundifolia. For the possible medicinal usage of timi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Timi (तिमि)—Sanskrit word for a fish (Hora: shark rater than whale; fabulous). This animal is from the group called Sāmudra-matsya (‘marine fish’). Sāmudra-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Timi (तिमि).—One of the wives of Kaśyapa; gave birth to aquatic animals.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 26.
1b) The son of Dūrva, and father of Bṛhadratha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 43.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Timi (तिमि) refers to “whales”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The mighty ocean whose waters were swallowed by Agastya, exhibited gems that eclipsed the splendour of the crowns of the Devas [...] It exhibited whales [i.e., timi], water elephants, rivers and gems scattered over its bed, and, though deprived of water, presented an appearance splendid as Devaloka. There were also seen, moving to and fro, whales [i.e., timi], pearl oysters and conch shells, and the sea altogether looked like a summer lake with its moving waves, water lilies and swans”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Timi (तिमि) refers to a kind of fish according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The timi, described as follows in the Raghuvaṃśa, XIII, 10: “See these sharks (timi) that suck in the water with the animals in it at the mouths of rivers; suddenly they shut their gullets and emit columns of water into the air through the holes in their heads”. (tr. L. Renou)
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Biology (plants and animals)
Timi in Central African Republic is the name of a plant defined with Millettia drastica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Millettia drastica Welw. ex Baker.
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Pharmazie (2008)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1871)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Timi, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
timi : (m.) name of an enormous fish.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Timi, (Derivation unknown. Sk. timi) a large fish, a leviathan; a fabulous fish of enormous size. It occurs always in combination w. timiṅgala, in formula timi timingala timitimingala, which should probably be reduced to one simple timitimingala (see next). (Page 303)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) The ocean.
2) A kind of whale or fish of an enormous size; (asti matsyastimirnāma śatayojanamāyataḥ |); अमी शिरोभिस्तिमयः सरन्ध्रैरूर्ध्वं वितन्वन्ति जलप्रवाहान् (amī śirobhistimayaḥ sarandhrairūrdhvaṃ vitanvanti jalapravāhān) R.13.1.
3) A fish in general; गरीयसेऽपकाराय तिमीनां बडिशं यथा (garīyase'pakārāya timīnāṃ baḍiśaṃ yathā) Śiva. B.26.45.
4) The figure of a fish produced by drawing two lines, one intersecting the other at right angles.
5) The sign of Pisces (matsya, mīna).
Derivable forms: timiḥ (तिमिः).
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Timī (तिमी).—f. (= timiḥ q. v.); L. D. B.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-miḥ) 1. A whale, or a fabulous fish of an enormous size, said to be one hundred Yojanas long. 2. The ocean. E. tam to distress, in affix, and i subsitituted for the radical vowel; otherwise tim to be wet or watery, affix ki, or with ka affix tima.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Timi (तिमि).—[tim + i], m. 1. A large fish, Mahābhārata 1, 1222. 2. A whale, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 10. 3. A fish in general, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 5, 24.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Timi (तिमि).—[masculine] a large fish, fish i.[grammar]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Timī (तिमी):—[from tima] f. a fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Timi (तिमि):—[from tima] m. a kind of whale or fabulous fish of an enormous size, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 4915; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] a fish, [Kathāsaritsāgara v, lx]
4) [v.s. ...] the sign Pisces, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka [Scholiast or Commentator]]
5) [v.s. ...] the figure of a fish produced by drawing two lines (one intersecting the other at right angles), [Sūryasiddhānta iii, 3 f.]
6) [v.s. ...] the ocean, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dūrva (father of Bṛhad-ratha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 22, 41]
8) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (wife of Kaśyapa and mother of the sea-monsters), [vi, 6, 25 f.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Timi (तिमि):—(miḥ) 2. m. A fabulous fish of great size; a whale; the ocean.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Timi (तिमि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Timi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Timi (तिमि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Timi.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] fish.
2) [noun] any member of either of two orders (Mysticeta and Odontoceta) of aquatic mammals that breathe air, bear live young, and have front limbs that have been modified into flippers, and a flat, horizontal tail; a whale.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+65): Timia, Timicu, Timidhvaja, Timighatin, Timigila, Timija, Timikare, Timikosha, Timila, Timili, Timimalin, Timimgala, Timimgila, Timimgilagila, Timimgilanyaya, Timimgilarashi, Timimgilashana, Timimgili, Timimgira, Timin-timin.
Ends with: Gantimi, Khatimi, Niamatimi, Yatimi.
Full-text (+7): Timikosha, Timija, Timimgila, Timidhvaja, Timitimimgila, Tima, Timimalin, Timighatin, Durva, Timimgilashana, Timimgilagila, Timingila, Brihadratha, Timimgira, Timishatru, Gilagila, Gila, Timingala, Timingilagila, Stimitarajan.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Timi, Timī; (plurals include: Timis, Timīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 3 - Identification of Makara, king of the fish (matsyarāja) < [Chapter XIII - The Buddha-fields]
Jātaka of the red fish < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha]
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
Eight wonderful things about the great ocean < [19. Suspending the Observance (Uposathaṭṭhāpana)]
Eight wonderful things about this Dhamma and Vinaya < [19. Suspending the Observance (Uposathaṭṭhāpana)]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 24 - Piṅgatīrtha, Narmadā, Dvārāvatī, Timi etc. < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 40 - The army of Demons (Asuras) < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CXII < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section XCIX < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 33 - Krishna Brings Back His Preceptor’s Son From the Ocean < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 46 - Baladeva Visits Vraja < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 106 - Battle between Pradyumna and Shamvara’s Sons < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
The Brihaddharma Purana (abridged) (by Syama Charan Banerji)