Timi, Timī: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Timi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Timi (तिमि)—Sanskrit word for a fish (Hora: shark rater than whale; fabulous). This animal is from the group called Sāmudra-matsya (‘marine fish’). Sāmudra-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Timi (तिमि).—One of the wives of Kaśyapa; gave birth to aquatic animals.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 26.

1b) The son of Dūrva, and father of Bṛhadratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 43.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Timi (तिमि) refers to a kind of fish according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The timi, described as follows in the Raghuvaṃśa, XIII, 10: “See these sharks (timi) that suck in the water with the animals in it at the mouths of rivers; suddenly they shut their gullets and emit columns of water into the air through the holes in their heads”. (tr. L. Renou)

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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

timi : (m.) name of an enormous fish.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Timi, (Derivation unknown. Sk. timi) a large fish, a leviathan; a fabulous fish of enormous size. It occurs always in combination w. timiṅgala, in formula timi timingala timitimingala, which should probably be reduced to one simple timitimingala (see next). (Page 303)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Timi (तिमि).—

1) The ocean.

2) A kind of whale or fish of an enormous size; (asti matsyastimirnāma śatayojanamāyataḥ |); अमी शिरोभिस्तिमयः सरन्ध्रैरूर्ध्वं वितन्वन्ति जलप्रवाहान् (amī śirobhistimayaḥ sarandhrairūrdhvaṃ vitanvanti jalapravāhān) R.13.1.

3) A fish in general; गरीयसेऽपकाराय तिमीनां बडिशं यथा (garīyase'pakārāya timīnāṃ baḍiśaṃ yathā) Śiva. B.26.45.

4) The figure of a fish produced by drawing two lines, one intersecting the other at right angles.

5) The sign of Pisces (matsya, mīna).

Derivable forms: timiḥ (तिमिः).

--- OR ---

Timī (तिमी).—f. (= timiḥ q. v.); L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Timi (तिमि).—m.

(-miḥ) 1. A whale, or a fabulous fish of an enormous size, said to be one hundred Yojanas long. 2. The ocean. E. tam to distress, in affix, and i subsitituted for the radical vowel; otherwise tim to be wet or watery, affix ki, or with ka affix tima.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Timi (तिमि).—[tim + i], m. 1. A large fish, Mahābhārata 1, 1222. 2. A whale, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 10. 3. A fish in general, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 5, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Timi (तिमि).—[masculine] a large fish, fish i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Timī (तिमी):—[from tima] f. a fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Timi (तिमि):—[from tima] m. a kind of whale or fabulous fish of an enormous size, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 4915; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a fish, [Kathāsaritsāgara v, lx]

4) [v.s. ...] the sign Pisces, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] the figure of a fish produced by drawing two lines (one intersecting the other at right angles), [Sūryasiddhānta iii, 3 f.]

6) [v.s. ...] the ocean, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dūrva (father of Bṛhad-ratha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 22, 41]

8) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (wife of Kaśyapa and mother of the sea-monsters), [vi, 6, 25 f.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Timi (तिमि):—(miḥ) 2. m. A fabulous fish of great size; a whale; the ocean.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Timi (तिमि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Timi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Timi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Timi (तिमि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Timi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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