Tibetan Buddhism: 2 definitions


Tibetan Buddhism means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Tibetan Buddhism in Buddhism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the body of Buddhist religious doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and certain regions of the Himalayas, including northern Nepal, Bhutan, and India (Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh and Sikkim). It is also practiced in Mongolia and parts of Russia (Kalmykia, Buryatia, and Tuva) and Northeast China. Tibetan Buddhism comprises many distinct schools, but is primarily divided into four main traditions: Nyingma, Kagyu, Gelug, and Sakya. All schools are said to include the teachings of the three vehicles of Buddhism: the Foundational Vehicle, Mahayana, and Vajrayana, although some schools, the Gelug for example, consider Vajrayana a part of Mahayana.

The first military attacks by the Peoples Republic of China on Tibetan troops began at the end of May, 1950, and Generals Zhang Guohua and Tan Guansan reached Lhasa on the 26th October, 1951. Soon after thousands of PLA troops marched through Lhasa. This all led to armed conflicts later in the decade. The failed uprising resulted in the exile of about eighty thousand Tibetans, many of them Buddhist clergy members, to India. Some of them went further to the west, which in turn eventually led to the spread of Tibetan Buddhism to many Western countries, where the tradition has gained popularity.

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Tibetan Buddhism in India history glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism

There are four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism namely Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug. Nyingma or Ngangyur school is the oldest. In fact, Nyingma means ancient in Tibetan language. The earliest Tibetan Buddhist manuscripts are apparently influenced by Mahayana Buddhism.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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