Thambha: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Thambha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: The Fruits of True Monkhood

Thambha (“obstinacy”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Thambha (थम्भ, “conceit”) refers to one of the “thirteen difficulties”, according to the “Teraha kāṭhīyā-svādhyāya” by Jinaharṣa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The exposition of the ‘thirteen difficulties’ against which one should fight as they are hindrances to proper religious practice is a widespread topic in Jain literature in Gujarati. They are either listed in brief compositions or described with several verses for each of the components. The list of terms is always the same, with a few variations in designations: [e.g., conceit (thambha or māna), ...].—See ch. Krause 1999, p. 277 for the list as found in a Ratnasañcaya-granth stanza 118.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Thambha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

thambha : (m.) a pillar; post; a clump of grass; obduracy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Thambha, (see etym. under thaddha; occasionally spelt thamba, viz. A. I, 100; M. I, 324; PvA. 186, 187) 1. a pillar, a post Vin. I, 276; D. I, 50 (majjhimaṃ °ṃ nissāya); II, 85 (id.); Sn. 214; Vv 782 (veḷuriya°, of the pillars of a Vimāna); Pv III, 31 (id.); DhA. IV, 203; VvA. 188 (+tulā-gopānasī); PvA. 186.—2. (fig.) in all meanings of thaddha, applied to selfishness, obduracy, hypocrisy & deceit; viz. immobility, hardness, stupor, obstinacy (cp. Ger. “verstockt”): thambho ti thaddha-bhāvo SnA 288, 333; th. thambhanā thambhittaṃ kakkhaliyaṃ phāruliyaṃ ujucittatā (an°?) amudutā Vbh. 350.—Often combined w. māna (=arrogance), frequent in set sāṭheyyaṃ th. sārambho māno, etc. A. I, 100, 299=Nd2 under rāga=Miln. 289; cp. M. I, 15.—A. III, 430 (+māna); IV, 350, 465 (+sāṭheyya); Sn. 245 (+mada), 326, 437 (as one of Māra’s combatants: makkho th. te aṭṭhamo); J. I, 202.—3. a clump of grass M. I, 324; cp. thambhaka. (Page 308)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Thaṃbha (थंभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Stambh.

2) Thaṃbha (थंभ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Stambha.

3) Thaṃbha (थंभ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Stambha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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