Tejaskaya, aka: Tejaskāya, Tejas-kaya; 1 Definition(s)


Tejaskaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Tejaskāya (तेजस्काय) refers to “fire-embodied life forms” and is one of the five types of ‘immobile souls’ characterised with having only one physical sense (touch). It is also known as Tejaskāyika. Jain mendicants must avoid digging in the ground because of tejas-kāya.

There are two types of of tejaskāyas defined in the Pannavaṇā-sūtra:

A) Sūkṣma-tejas-kāyika (minute fire-bodied) has two categories:

  1. paryāptā,
  2. aparyāptā.

B) Bādara-tejas-kāyika (gross fire-bodies) has twelve varieties:

  1. aṅgāra (burning coal without smoke),
  2. jvālā (flame in connectionwith burning coal or flame of a lamp),
  3. murmura (sparks offire mixed wish ashes in cow-dung fire),
  4. arci (flame unconnected with any burning substance),
  5. alāta (a burning straw),
  6. śuddhāgni (fire in a heated iron globe),
  7. ulkā (lines of various forms produced in the sky as a result of fire in the sky),
  8. vidyut (lightning),
  9. aśani (sparks of fireresembling stars falling from the sky),
  10. nirghāta (fire produced by a blow with a vaikriya club or mace),
  11. saṃgharṣa (fire produced by forcable rubbing of two bamboos against each other),
  12. suryakānta (fire produced by the gem sūryakanta).

The Pannavaṇā-sūtra is a Jain scripture from the 2nd century BCE, also known as the Prajñāpanā-sūtra, and is the fourth upāṅga-sūtra or āgama according to the Śvetāmbara canon.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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