Taxila; 2 Definition(s)
Taxila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Taxila or Takshashila (c. 600 BCE–500 CE) near Rawalpindi in present-day Pakistan, was among the world’s first universities. Taxila University’s different Schools taught many subjects. Medicine was given special attention; there were also schools of painting, sculpture, image-making, handicrafts and astronomy. Tradition has it that the legendary Indian grammarian Pāṇini (7th-6th cent BCE) was a student there, as was Cāṇakya (c. 3rd cent BCE) the well-known exponent of statecraft. Jīvaka (5th BCE) one of the most renowned physicians in ancient India, is also said to have learnt medicine at Taxila.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
India history and geogprahy
The ancient site of Taxila was identified by Cunningham with the mounds of Shahdheri, nearly one mile north-east of Kals-kalSarai, in the district in Rawalpindi. It was situated at a distance of nearly 20 miles, north west of the modem city of Rawalpindi (Cunningham, 1871).Source: Shodhganga: New look on the kushan bengali
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Taxila. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
The Buddha and His Disciples (by Venerable S. Dhammika)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 5 - Country of Wu-la-shi (Urasha) < [Book III - Eight Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Ta-ch’a-shi-lo (Takshashila) < [Book III - Eight Countries]
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Biography (9): Jīvaka, the Physician < [Chapter 45a - The Life Stories of Male Lay Disciples]
Biography (3): Jaṭila, the Rich Man < [Chapter 45c - Life Stories of Rich Men with Inexhaustible Resources]
Part 6 - Discourses Relating the Story of Kappata < [Chapter 20 - The Six Princes achieved different Attainments]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 4 - Story of the complete gift of the painter Karṇa < [Chapter XIX - The Characteristics of Generosity]
Jātaka of the flayed Nāga < [Chapter XXIII - The Virtue of Morality]
Appendix 1 - Story of the nāga-king Elapatra < [Chapter XL - The Four Fearlessnesses and the Four Unobstructed Knowledges]