Tatva: 8 definitions


Tatva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tatva (तत्व).—Twenty-three in number. For the sake of creation the Supreme Being associates with Kālaśakti and makes these twenty-three principles active.1 Twenty-four also in number.2 Sometimes twenty-five.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 5. 2-4; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 29.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 19. 64.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 8. 33.

1b) The one truth which could not be attained even by the mind (Veda).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 127.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Tatva (तत्व) [=tattva?] represents the number 5 (five) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 5—tatva] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Tatva (तत्व) also refers to the number 7 (five) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā).

3) Tatva (तत्व) also refers to the number 25 (twenty-five) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā).

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tatva (तत्व).—n (S) Truth, reality, substance, or actual existence: as opp. to what is unreal or illusory. 2 A common term for the following twenty-five; viz. pañcamahābhūtēṃ, pañcaviṣaya, daśēndriya, mana, ahaṅkāra, mahattatva, māyā, īśvara. 3 Cream, pith, essence, sum and substance, the condensed excellence, lit. fig. 4 Essential nature; the real nature of the human soul considered as one and the same with the Divine spirit animating the universe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tatva (तत्व).—n.

(-tvaṃ) See tattva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tatva (तत्व).—see tattva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tatva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṭatva (ಟತ್ವ):—[noun] the letter or the sound of 'ಟ'.

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Tatva (ತತ್ವ):—[noun] = ತತ್ತ್ವ [tattva].

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Tatva (ತತ್ವ):—[noun] the letter or the sound of '[ta] '.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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