Tattvacintamani, Tattvacintāmaṇi, Tattva-cintamani: 5 definitions
Tattvacintamani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Tattva-chintamani.
Nyaya (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि).—The first work of Navya-Nyāya school is Tattvacintāmaṇi which was written by Gaṅgesa Upādhyāya in about 1200 A.D. Through this work he made the base of Navya-Nyāya in Mithilā. D.C. Guha states that “This perhaps can more appropriately be said in regard to the Navya-Nyāya system of Logic which gradually flourished in India after Udayanācārya (1000 A.D.) and particularly at the time of Gaṅgeśopādhyāya, the illustrious author of Tattvacintāmaṇi”.
The Tattvacintāmaṇi is divided into four chapters–
- pratyakṣa (perception)
- anumāna (inference),
- upamāna (comparison),
- śabda (verbal testimony).
These are the four means of valid knowledge accepted by Nyāya system. This work of Gaṅgeśa is of an epoch-making nature as it has started as if a Nava-yuga (new era) in the development of philosophy in India.
From the benedictory verse of the work, it appears that Gaṅgeśa was a devotee of Śiva whom he salutes at the very beginning. The author then discusses about the utility of an invocation of blessings (mangalavāda). In his view, “All polite people must observe the decorum of invoking blessings if they wish to bring their work to a successful completion.”
Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Book written by Indian Philosopher Gangesha Updadhyaya. It forms the basic literature for the Navya-Nyāya school which he himself established. In English, the book is called “The Jewel of Thought on the Nature of Things” or “Jewel of Reflection on the Truth” and it is also known as Pramāṇacintāmaṇi (english: “The Jewel of Thought on the Means of Valid Knowledge”).
The text is divided into four khaṇḍas (books):
- Pratyakṣakhaṇḍa (book on perception),
- Anumānakhaṇḍa (book on inference),
- Upamānakhaṇḍa (book on comparison),
- and Śabdakhaṇḍa (book on verbal testimony).
There is a commentary on the Tattvacintāmaṇi called ‘Prakāśa’, written by Ruchidatta.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—or fully nyāyatattvacintāmaṇi, often called
2) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[tantric] composed by Pūrṇānanda in 1577. L. 1099. Sūcīpattra. 40 (Tattvacintāmaṇiprakāśa).
3) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—jy. by Divākara. B. 4, 140.
—by Lakṣmīdāsa Miśra. K. 228.
4) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—by Gaṅgeśa. add Ben. 184. delete Bik. 32. read Rice. 104.
—Pratyakṣa. add Bhk. 32.
—[commentary] by Śitikaṇṭha. Bu7hler 555.
—Anumāna. read Oppert. Ii, 4290 instead of 8525.
—Upamāna. add Ben. 148.
—Śabda. add Bhk. 32.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. add L. 1197.
—[commentary] by Bhavānanda. delete NW. 356.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. read Oppert. 5607 instead of 1607.
5) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—by Gaṅgeśa. He quotes the Khaṇḍanakhaṇḍakhādya 2, 233; Jayanta (Nyāyamañjarī) in Upamānakhaṇḍa p. 61; the Nyāyalīlāvatī 2, 284; Maṇḍanācārya in Śabdakhaṇḍa; the Ratnakośakāra 2, 885; Vācaspatimiśra 1, 537 and in Īśvarānumāna p. 81; Śivādityamiśra 1, 830.
—Io. 424. 2774. Pratyakṣa. Gb. 114. Peters. 4, 15. Stein 137.
—Anumāna. Fl. 245 ([fragmentary]). 479 ([fragmentary]). Gb. 114. Io. 794. 1826. 1894 (two leaves). 2916. Peters. 4, 15 (inc.). Stein 137.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha Bl. 332. Fl. 246 ([fragmentary]).
—Upamāna. Gb. 114. Stein 137.
—Śabda. Io. 2203 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 4, 15. Stein 137 (inc.).
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. Io. 417. 1036.
—[commentary] Stein 145 (Parāmarśa).
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. Io. 969. 1034. 1040. 1340. 1615. 1813. All on anumāna.
—[commentary] Gūḍhārthatattvadīpikā by Raghudeva. Peters. 4, 14 (Anumāna). Stein 137 (Anumāna). inc.
—[commentary] by Vāsudeva. Io. 786.
—[commentary] Tattvacintamaṇimayūkha by Śaṅkara, son of Bhavanātha. Stein 144. 332 (Śabdakhaṇḍa).
6) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[tantric] by Pūrṇānanda. Io. 1368 (prakāśa 6). Quoted by Narasiṃha in Tārābhaktisudhārṇava, Catal. Io. p. 897.
7) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[nyāya] by Gaṅgeśvara. Hz. 513 (inc.). Ulwar 629 (Anumāna).
—[commentary] by Nyāyavācaspati, son of Vidyānivāsa. Ulwar 643.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. Hz. 507 (Anumāna). 508. (Śabda). Ulwar 641 (Anumāna). 642 (Śabda).
—[commentary] Tattvacintāmaṇiprakāśa by Rucidatta. Hz. 501. (Anumāna).
—[commentary] Maṇidarpaṇa by Rājacūḍāmaṇi. Mentioned in his Kāvyadarpaṇa Hz. Extr. 86. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 63. 93 (Śabda).
8) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[tantric] by Pūrṇānanda. Hpr. 1, 136 (inc.).
9) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[nyāya] by Gaṅgeśa. He quotes the grammarian Śrīkara in Śabdakhaṇḍa. Paṇḍit 8, p. 4 b.-As p. 70. Bc 335. Cs 3, 265 ([fragmentary]). 295 (inc.). Hz. 832. Peters. 5, 205 (inc.). Pratyakṣa. As p. 70. Cs 3, 329 (inc.). 503. Peters. 6, 183. Tod. 29. C. by Kaviratna. Rep. p. 14. C. by Gadādhara. Cs 3, 395 (inc.). 499 (inc.). Hz. 831. C. by Mathurānātha. As p. 71. Cs 3, 405. 552. Anumāna. As p. 70 (inc.). Cs 3, 227 (inc.). 272 (inc.). 542 (inc.). 547. Peters. 6, 187 ([fragmentary]). Tb. 125 ([fragmentary]).
—C. by Kaṇāda. Hr. Notices Vol. Xi, Pref. p. 12. C. by Mathurānātha. As p. 71 (4 Mss.). Bc 375. Cs 3, 231 (inc.). 274 (inc.). 532. 543 (inc.). 572 (inc.). Peters. 6 p. 14. Bhāvaprakāśa by Padmanābha. Bd. 735.
—Anumānakhaṇḍaṭīkāyā Navīnanirmāṇa by Raghudeva. Rep. p. 15. Śabda. As p. 70 (2 Mss.). Cs 3, 352 (inc.). 450 ([fragmentary]). 578. L.. 942. Peters. 6, 184. C. by Mathurānātha. As p. 72 (2 Mss.). Cs 3, 276 ([fragmentary]). 457 (inc.). 458 (inc.). 559 (inc.). 560. 572 (inc.). Hr. Notices Vol. Xi, Pref. p. 13. Peters. 6, 186. C. Tattvacintāmaṇivākyārthadīpikā (Anumāna) by Hanuman. Ak 814. C. Prakāśa by Haridāsa. Rep. p. 15 (Śabda). Peters. 6 p. 16 (Śabda). C. by Śitikaṇṭha. Bc 361.
1) Tattvacintāmaṇi (तत्त्वचिन्तामणि):—[=tat-tva-cintāmaṇi] [from tat-tva > tat] m. Name of a philos. work by Gaṅgeśa
2) [v.s. ...] of another work, [Nirṇayasindhu iii]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Tattvacintamanidarpana, Tattvacintamanididhiti, Tattvacintamanididhitikroda, Tattvacintamanididhitiprakasha, Tattvacintamanididhitividyota, Tattvacintamanididhitivistara, Tattvacintamanidushanoddhara, Tattvacintamanigudharthadipika, Tattvacintamanimatakhandana, Tattvacintamaniprabha, Tattvacintamaniprakasha, Tattvacintamanisara, Tattvacintamanisaradarpana, Tattvacintamanisarakhandana, Tattvacintamanisarapramanyavada.
Full-text (+47): Shabdakhanda, Anumanakhanda, Pratyakshakhanda, Gangesha, Ganitatattvacintamani, Bhavanandi, Samnidhi, Upamanakhanda, Manigrantha, Badhacintamani, Apurvamani, Anumanatattvacintamani, Gudharthatattvadipika, Caturasrakunda, Arddhacandrakunda, Gangopadhyaya, Pratyakshamanirashmicakra, Tryasrakunda, Padmakunda, Brahmananda paramahamsa.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Tattvacintamani, Tattvacintāmaṇi, Tattva-cintāmaṇi, Tattva-cintamani; (plurals include: Tattvacintamanis, Tattvacintāmaṇis, cintāmaṇis, cintamanis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The validity of Anumana (inference) in Nyaya system (by Babu C. D)
Serpent Power (Kundalini-shakti), Introduction (by Arthur Avalon)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Svataḥ-prāmāṇya (self-validity of knowledge) < [Chapter XXVII - A General Review of the Philosophy of Madhva]
Part 2 - Inference (anumāna) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 4 - Concomitance (vyāpti) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Anumana in Indian Philosophy (by Sangita Chakravarty)
Vedic schools (1): The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]
Classification of knowledge (1): Valid Knowledge < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Dialectical terms (8): Conclusion (nigamana) < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
Knowledge (pramāṇa) [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 6 - Source of Knowledge (pramāṇa)]
Inference (anumāna) [in Charaka philosophy] < [Chapter 6 - Source of Knowledge (pramāṇa)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)