Taruni, Taruṇī: 15 definitions


Taruni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Taruṇī (तरुणी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Taruni [तरुणि] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Jasminum flexile Vahl from the Oleaceae (Jasmine) family having the following synonyms: Jasminum burmannianum, Jasminum azoricum var. travancorense. For the possible medicinal usage of taruni, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Taruṇī (तरुणी) is another name for Gṛhakanyā, a medicinal plant commonly identified with Aloe vera var. chinensis Baker from the Asphodelaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.47-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Taruṇī and Gṛhakanyā, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Taruṇī (तरुणी) refers to a “beautiful young woman” and is used to describe Suṣumṇā, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The consort of the Great Tree, that is, the incarnation Ṣaṣṭhanātha is (the goddess) Maṅgalā. She is crooked and (resides) in the place of the six-faced Siddha namely, in Suṣumṇā, the middle channel. How is she? She is a beautiful, young (taruṇī) virgin (kaumārī taruṇī yuvā). What is meant by this is that she is skillful in doing all things. It is for this reason that it is said that (she is) Kuṇḍalinī as the Middle Lineage between that of the Eldest and the Youngest and is associated with both. [...]”.

2) Taruṇī (तरुणी) refers to one of the thirty-two Bhairavīs (also Dūtis) embodying the syllables of the goddess’s Vidyā, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—The thirty-two Bhairavīs [i.e., Taruṇī] are the consorts of the Bhairavas presiding over the sonic energies of the thirty-two syllables of her Vidyā. [...] Notice that like there are Yoginīs in this group who are also worshipped independently as the Great Goddess. Moreover, several also appear in other groups.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Taruṇī (तरुणी) refers to a “(auspicious) young woman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “I am an aged Brahmin roaming about as I please. I am an intelligent ascetic bestowing happiness and helping others. Who are you? What is your parentage? Why do you perform penance in this isolated forest? Your penance cannot be surpassed even by the sages of eminent status. You are neither a small girl nor an old woman. You appear to be an auspicious young woman [i.e., taruṇītaruṇī bhāsi śobhanā]. How is it that you are performing this penance even when you are unmarried. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Taruni in India is the name of a plant defined with Dendranthema indicum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Chrysanthemum procumbens Loureiro (among others).

2) Taruni is also identified with Jasminum flexile It has the synonym Jasminum flexile Jacq., nom. illeg. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (1993)
· Journal d’Histoire Naturelle (1792)
· Journal of Japanese Botany (1943)
· Symbolae Botanicae (1794)
· Kromosomo (2746)
· Flora Koreana (1911)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Taruni, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

taruṇī : (f.) a young woman; maiden.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taruṇī (तरुणी).—f (S) A young woman; a female about 16 years of age. 2 The Aloe-tree, A. perfoliata.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tarūṇī (तरूणी).—f A young woman. The Aloe-tree.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Taruṇi (तरुणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Kaularahasya. Peters. 3, 399.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taruṇī (तरुणी):—[from taruṇa] a f. ([gana] gaurādi) a young woman, girl, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of pot-herb, [i, 46, 4, 39]

3) [v.s. ...] Aloe perfoliata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Rosa glandulifera or alba, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] Croton polyandrum or Tiglium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [from taruṇa] b f. of ṇa.

7) [v.s. ...] ind. of ṇa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Taruṇī (तरुणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Taruṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Taruni in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Taruṇī (तरुणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Taruṇī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Taruṇi (ತರುಣಿ):—[noun] a young woman.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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