Taruni, Taruṇī: 14 definitions
Taruni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Taruṇī (तरुणी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Taruni [तरुणि] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Jasminum flexile Vahl from the Oleaceae (Jasmine) family having the following synonyms: Jasminum burmannianum, Jasminum azoricum var. travancorense. For the possible medicinal usage of taruni, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Taruṇī (तरुणी) is another name for Gṛhakanyā, a medicinal plant commonly identified with Aloe vera var. chinensis Baker from the Asphodelaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.47-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Taruṇī and Gṛhakanyā, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Taruṇī (तरुणी) refers to one of the thirty-two Bhairavīs (also Dūtis) embodying the syllables of the goddess’s Vidyā, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The thirty-two Bhairavīs [i.e., Taruṇī] are the consorts of the Bhairavas presiding over the sonic energies of the thirty-two syllables of her Vidyā. [...] Notice that like there are Yoginīs in this group who are also worshipped independently as the Great Goddess. Moreover, several also appear in other groups.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Taruṇī (तरुणी) refers to a “(auspicious) young woman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “I am an aged Brahmin roaming about as I please. I am an intelligent ascetic bestowing happiness and helping others. Who are you? What is your parentage? Why do you perform penance in this isolated forest? Your penance cannot be surpassed even by the sages of eminent status. You are neither a small girl nor an old woman. You appear to be an auspicious young woman [i.e., taruṇī—taruṇī bhāsi śobhanā]. How is it that you are performing this penance even when you are unmarried. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
taruṇī : (f.) a young woman; maiden.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
taruṇī (तरुणी).—f (S) A young woman; a female about 16 years of age. 2 The Aloe-tree, A. perfoliata.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tarūṇī (तरूणी).—f A young woman. The Aloe-tree.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Taruṇi (तरुणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Kaularahasya. Peters. 3, 399.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Taruṇī (तरुणी):—[from taruṇa] a f. ([gana] gaurādi) a young woman, girl, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a kind of pot-herb, [i, 46, 4, 39]
3) [v.s. ...] Aloe perfoliata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] Rosa glandulifera or alba, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
5) [v.s. ...] Croton polyandrum or Tiglium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [from taruṇa] b f. of ṇa.
7) [v.s. ...] ind. of ṇa.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Taruṇī (तरुणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Taruṇī.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Taruṇī (तरुणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Taruṇī.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Taruṇi (ತರುಣಿ):—[noun] a young woman.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+15): Tarunijana, Tarunigana, Bhringeshta, Taruna, Carukesara, Tarunikatakshakama, Tarunibhu, Tarunibhuta, Taruniratna, Rajatarani, Tarunikatakshamala, Ramatarani, Tarun, Maruttaruni, Bhadrataruni, Ramataruni, Hva, Kaularahasya, Sudala, Praudha.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Taruni, Taruṇī, Tarūṇī, Taruṇi; (plurals include: Tarunis, Taruṇīs, Tarūṇīs, Taruṇis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.13.20 < [Chapter 13 - The Arrival of Sri Uddhava]
Verse 1.12.8 < [Chapter 12 - Description of Śrī Nanda’s Festival]
Verse 1.2.46 < [Chapter 2 - Description of the Abode of Śrī Goloka]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-karṇāmṛtam (by Śrīla Bilvamaṅgala Ṭhākura)