Taruna, Taruṇa, Tāruṇa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Taruna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tarun.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Taruṇa (तरुण) is another name (synonym) for Śvetairaṇḍa: one of the three varieties of Eraṇḍa, which is a Sanskrit name representing Ricinus communis (castor-oil-plant). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 8.55-57), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Eraṇḍa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), and it is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Taruṇa (तरुण) refers to “small trees”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] O Goddess of Devas, there are many beautiful blue lotuses emitting sweet fragrance. On the banks there are many grass lands, small (taruṇa) and big trees and the saffron flowers increasing the fragrance of the waters with which the lakes are full”.

2) Taruṇa (तरुण) is the name of a deity referring to “the ever young”, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Tāra (star), Sutāra (one that enables others to cross), Taruṇa (the ever young), and the brilliant. Obeisance to Śiva who is beneficent to the gods, the lord, the great soul, Obeisance to you the great; obeisance to you, the dark-necked God”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

taruṇa : (adj.) young; of tender age. (m.), a young man.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Taruṇa, (adj.) (Vedic taruṇa, cp. Gr. tέrus, tέrhQ; Lat. tener & perhaps tardus) 1. tender, of tender age, young; new, newly (°-) fresh. Esp. applied to a young calf: M. I, 459 (in simile); °vaccha, °vacchaka, °vacchī: Vin. I, 193; J. I, 191; DhA. II, 35; VvA. 200.—Vin. I, 243 (fresh milk); D. I, 114 (Gotamo t. c’eva t. -paribbājako ca “a young man and only lately become a wanderer”); PvA. 3, 46 (°janā), 62 (°putta); Bdhd 93, 121.—2. (m. & nt.) the shoot of a plant, or a young plant Vin. I, 189 (tāla°); M. I, 432; Vism. 361 (taruṇa-tāla). (Page 298)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taruṇa (तरुण).—a (S) Arrived at puberty, adult, young.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tarūṇa (तरूण).—a Young, adult.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taruṇa (तरुण).—a. [tṝ-unan Uṇ.3.54]

1) Young, youthful, juvenile (as a man).

2) (a) Young, newly-born or produced, tender, soft; वितीर्णे सर्वस्वे तरुणकरुणापूर्णहृदयाः (vitīrṇe sarvasve taruṇakaruṇāpūrṇahṛdayāḥ) Bh.3.49. (b) Newly risen, not high in the sky (as the sun); वासो वसाना तरुणार्करागम् (vāso vasānā taruṇārkarāgam) Ku.3.54.

3) New, fresh; तरुणं दधि (taruṇaṃ dadhi) Chāṇ.64; तरुणं सर्षपशाकं नवौदनं पिच्छिलानि च दधीनि । अल्पव्ययेन सुन्दरि ग्राम्यजनो मिष्टमश्नाति (taruṇaṃ sarṣapaśākaṃ navaudanaṃ picchilāni ca dadhīni | alpavyayena sundari grāmyajano miṣṭamaśnāti) || Chand. M.1.

4) Lively, vivid.

-ṇaḥ A young man, youth; गतवयसामपि पुंसां येषामर्था भवन्ति ते तरुणाः (gatavayasāmapi puṃsāṃ yeṣāmarthā bhavanti te taruṇāḥ) Pt.1.11; Bv.2.62.

2) The castor-oil plant.

3) Large cumin-seed (Mar. jireṃ).

4) Newly produced liquor; तरुणस्तु नवे यूनि मद्ये प्रथम उत्कटे (taruṇastu nave yūni madye prathama utkaṭe) Nm.

-ṇī 1 A young or youthful woman; वृद्धस्य तरुणी विषम् (vṛddhasya taruṇī viṣam) Chān.78.

2) Name of some plants such as Aloe Perfoliata (Mar. koraphaḍa), Rosa Glandulifera (Mar. pāṃḍharā gulāba) etc.

-ṇam 1 Cartilage.

2) A sprout.

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Tāruṇa (तारुण).—a. Youthful, young.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taruṇa (तरुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Young, juvenile. 2. New, fresh, novel. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A young man, one of the virile age. 2. The castor-oil-plant. 3. Large cumin seed. f. (-ṇī) 1. A young woman from 16 to 30 years of age; generally however one about the first age. 2. The alœ tree, (A. perfoliata.) A perfume, commonly Chira. 4. A flower, the Indian white rose, (Rosa standulifera) n.

(-ṇaṃ) A kind of flower, that of the Achyran anthes aspera (kubjapuṣpa.) E. tṝ to pass away, unan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taruṇa (तरुण).—i. e. tṛ10 + van + a (cf. the last), I. adj., f. ṇī. 1. Young, Mahābhārata 4, 1108. 2. Fresh, [Suśruta] 1, 191, 8. 3. Vivid, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 86. 4. Beginning, [Suśruta] 2, 52, 16. Ii. m. A young man, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 11. Iii. f. ṇī, A young woman, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 59, 1; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 22. Iv. n. Cartilage, [Suśruta] 1, 35, 1.

— Cf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taruṇa (तरुण).—[feminine] ī young, tender, new, fresh; just begun (heat), just risen (sun, moon, etc.). [masculine] young man, [Name] of [several] plants, also a man’s name; [feminine] taruṇī young woman, girl; [neuter] cartilage; sprout, stalk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taruṇa (तरुण):—mf(ī [Pāṇini 4-1, 15], [vArttika] 6, [Patañjali] [Ṛg-veda])n. (√tṝ; [gana] kapilakādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 447]) ‘progressive’, young, tender, juvenile, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

2) new, fresh, just risen (the sun cf. bālāditya), just begun (heat or a disease), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava iii, 54; Suśruta]

3) tender (a feeling), [Bhartṛhari]

4) m. a youth, [Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. tarṇa)

5) Ricinus communis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) large cumin seed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of a particular section in a Tantra work treating of various stages in a Tāntrika’s life, [Kulārṇava-tantra viii]

8) of a mythical being, [Mahābhārata ii, 7, 22]

9) of a Ṛṣi in the 11th Manv-antara, [Harivaṃśa 477]

10) m. n. the blossom of Trapa bispinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) n. = ṇāsthi, [Suśruta]

12) a sprout (ifc., kuśa-), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra ii, 1, 10]

13) (cf. τέρην.)

14) Tāruṇa (तारुण):—mfn. [from] tar [gana] utsādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taruṇa (तरुण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Young, new. m. A young man; Castor oil tree; large cumin seed. n. A kind of flower. f. Young woman; aloe tree; a perfume; white rose.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Taruṇa (तरुण):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 54.]

1) adj. f. taruṇī [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 15.] [Ṛgveda] taruṇī gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] jung, zart; subst. das Junge, eine junge Person, Jüngling, ein junges Weib, Mädchen [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 42. 8.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 339. 511.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 205.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 49.] [Hārāvalī 135.] śiśu [Ṛgveda 1, 186, 7. 7, 4, 2. 10, 115, 1.] kumāra [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 12, 7.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 3, 4.] putra [Mahābhārata 1, 1679.] śriyaṃ bhuktvāyuṣaḥ kṣaye . taruṇāḥ pratipadyante [5, 3507.] sa cacāra gadāpāṇirvṛddho pi taruṇo yathā [4, 1108.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 58, 19.] [Hitopadeśa 39, 19. I, 105.] gatavayasāmapi puṃsāṃ yeṣāmarthā bhavanti te taruṇāḥ [Pañcatantra I, 11.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 21, 13.] taruṇaṃ stana.yum [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 3, 37.] [Suśruta 1, 75, 21.] [Ṛgveda 3, 55, 5.] vṛddhasya taruṇī viṣam [Cāṇakya 98.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 59, 15.] [Suśruta 1, 315, 16.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 41. 3, 32.] [Hitopadeśa 42, 4.] [Amaruśataka 46.] [Sāhityadarpana 55, 20.] taruṇībhūta zur Jungfrau herangereift [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 186, 22.] caṇḍāla ein Caṇḍāla- Jüngling [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 78.] yātudhānataruṇī [Prabodhacandrodaja 3, 12.] paśuḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 23.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 73.] oṣadhīḥ [Ṛgveda 8, 43, 7. 19, 22.] [Suśruta 1, 20, 5.] śāka [229, 4.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 5. 68, 11.] neu, frisch: madya [Suśruta 1, 191, 8.] dadhi [Cāṇakya 64.] angehend von einer Krankheit [Suśruta 2, 52, 16.] āsaptarātraṃ taruṇaṃ jvaramāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ [CAKRAD. im Śabdakalpadruma] frisch, lebendig von einem Gefühle: taruṇakaruṇāpūrṇahṛdaya [Bhartṛhari 3, 86.] jung von der Sonne so v. a. nicht längst aufgegangen, nicht hoch am Himmel stehend (ebenso bālāditya) [Mahābhārata 1, 8081. 6, 280. 13, 3508.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 3, 22. 22, 21. 6, 86, 8.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 54.] vom Monde so v. a. zunehmend [Bhartṛhari 3, 84.] —

2) m. a) Ricinus communis [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 3.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) grober Kümmel [Rājanirghaṇṭa] — c) = kubjapuṣpa die Blüthe von Achyranthes aspera [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 128.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] neutr. nach [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Nomen proprium eines der Saptarṣi im 11ten Manvantara [Harivaṃśa 477.] Nomen proprium eines Gandharva(?) [Mahābhārata 2, 303], wo jedoch sumanastaruṇaḥ viell. als ein Wort zu fassen ist. —

3) f. ī a) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: eine best. Gemüsepflanze [Suśruta 1, 219, 19.] Aloe perfoliata Lin. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [NIGH. PR.] = taraṇī Rosa glandulifera Roxb. [NIGH. PR.] = dantī [Rājanirghaṇṭa] eine best. Blume, = sahā, kumārī, gandhāḍhyā, cārukeśarā u. s. w. ebend. — b) ein best. Parfum, vulg. cīḍā [Rājanirghaṇṭa] —

4) n. a) Knorpel (vollständig taruṇāsthi) [Suśruta 1, 35, 1. 339, 16. 2, 370, 2.] kaṭīka ein best. Theil des Hüftknochens, Hüftgelenk [1, 345, 9. 346, 9. 350, 3.] — b) Schössling: kuśa [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 1, 29. 2, 15. 6, 1, 12. 7, 2, 10.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 1.] — Vgl. taluna .

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Tāruṇa (तारुण):—adj. von taruṇa gaṇa utsādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 86.]

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Taruṇa (तरुण):—

1) vyāghryāstaruṇaputrāyāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 51.] —

2) e) Bez. eines der 7 Ullāsa bei den Śākta [Oxforder Handschriften 91,b,41.] —

4) a) [Z. 3 lies 1, 345, 19 Stenzler 1, 345, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Taruṇa (तरुण):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) jung , neu , frisch , angehend (eine Krankheit) , vor Kurzem aufgegangen (Sonne) , eben begonnen ([86,24] ) , zunehmend (Mond). — b) zart (Mitgefühl). —

2) m. — a) Jüngling. — b) *Ricinus communis. — c) *grober Kümmel [Rājan 6,64.] — d) Bez. eines der 7 Ullāsa bei den Śākta. — e) Nomen proprium — α) eines mythischen Wesens [Mahābhārata 2,7,22.] — β) eines Ṛṣi im 11ten Manvantara. —

3) *m. n. die Blüthe von Trapa bispinosa.

4) f. taruṇī — a) Jungfrau , ein junges Mädchen , eine junge Frau [Indische sprüche 2836.] — b) eine best. Gemüsepflanze. — c) *Aloe perfoliata. — d) *Rosa_glandulifera_oder alba ([Materia medica of the Hindus 320] ). — e) Croton polyandrum oder Tiglium.

5) n. — a) Knorpel. — b) Schössling , Halm.

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Tāruṇa (तारुण):—Adj. von taruṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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