Tarjanihasta, Tarjanīhasta, Tarjani-hasta: 1 definition
Tarjanihasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Tarjanīhasta (तर्जनीहस्त) or simply Tarjanī refers to “underline, warn” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., tarjanīhasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).
(Description of Tarjanī-hasta): It is a variation of the sūcī-hasta. Several other goddesses are very often described as tarjanī- pāśa-hasta, that is, “with a hand holding a tarjanī-pāśa.” It is not meant hereby that the deity holds a noose (pāśa) in one hand while another is shown in the tarjanī pose, but the epithet really means that the noose, which is meant for chastisement, is placed in the same hand, which is shown in the threatening pose.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
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