Tarjana, Tarjanā: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Tarjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tarjan.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Tarjana (तर्जन) refers to “scoffing” or “threats” [?], according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (195) In order to uphold the true dharma, with patience we will endure the words of abuse, censure and reviling. (196) Upholding this guiding principle, we will endure all these scoffing, threats (tarjana), decrying, and defaming. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tarjana (तर्जन).—n S Reviling, abusing, cursing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tarjana (तर्जन).—n Reviling, cursing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tarjana (तर्जन) or Tarjanā (तर्जना).—[tarj-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Threatening, frightening.

2) Censuring; अङ्गुलीकिसलयाग्रतर्जनम् (aṅgulīkisalayāgratarjanam) R.19.17; Ku. 6.45.

3) Pointing at (in ridicule or contempt.)

4) Putting to shame, excelling, surpassing.

5) Anger.

-nī The fore-finger; विलोक्य भ्रामयामास यमाज्ञामिव तर्जनीम् (vilokya bhrāmayāmāsa yamājñāmiva tarjanīm) Ks.17.88.

Derivable forms: tarjanam (तर्जनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarjana (तर्जन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Blaming, censuring. 2. Pointing at, in ridicule, or contempt. 3. Putting to shame, surpassing. 4. Wrath, anger. f. (-nī) The forefinger. E. tarj to abuse, to injure, affixes bhāve lyuṭ and ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarjana (तर्जन).—[tarj + ana], I. n. 1. Menacing, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 195, 20. 2. Blaming, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 66, 3. 3. Terrifying, Mahābhārata 3, 12569. Ii. f. , Menacing, Sāh. D. 66, 11. Iii. f. , The forefinger, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 17, 88.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarjana (तर्जन).—[neuter] = seq., also = [feminine] ā censure, blame; [feminine] ī the fore-finger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tarjana (तर्जन):—[from tarj] n. threatening, scolding, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, v; Raghuvaṃśa xix, 17; Kumāra-sambhava vi, 45 etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) frightening, [Mahābhārata iii, 12569]

3) [v.s. ...] derision, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] putting to shame, surpassing, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] anger, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Tarjanā (तर्जना):—[from tarjana > tarj] f. scolding, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tarjana (तर्जन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tajjaṇa, Tajjaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tarjana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tarjana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tarjana (तर्जन) [Also spelled tarjan]:—[[~nā]] (nm), ~[na:] (nf) rebuke, reproof, snubbing.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tarjana (ತರ್ಜನ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of threatening or rebuking using harsh words.

2) [noun] a using abusive or contemptuous language in speaking to or about; revilement.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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