Tamomaya, Tamas-maya: 12 definitions


Tamomaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tamomaya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tamomaya (तमोमय) refers to the “personification of penance”, and represents an epithet of Śiva used in Sandhyā’s eulogy of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly:—“[...] Directly perceiving the lord of Durgā she [viz., Sandhyā] eulogised the lord of the worlds: [...] Obeisance to Thee, O Lord Śiva, obeisance to Thee, O personification of penance (tamomaya); O Śiva, lord of the Gods, be pleased, obeisance be to Thee again and again”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tamomaya (तमोमय) refers to “one that is mere darkness” and is used to describe Rāhu, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Some say that Rāhu, the asura, though his head was cut, dies not but lives in the shape of a planet having tasted of ambrosia. That he has a disc like the sun and moon and as that disc is black it is invisible when in the sky except on the occasion of eclipses in virtue of a boon from Brahmā. Others say that he resembles a serpent in shape with his head severed from his tail; a few that he is bodiless, that he is mere darkness [i.e., tamomaya] and that he is the son of Siṃhikā. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय).—a.

1) Covered with darkness.

2) Ignorant.

-yaḥ Name of Rāhu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yī-yaṃ) Consisting of or composed of darkness, derived from it. E. tamas, and mayaṭ aff. tama ātmakaṃ pracuraṃ vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय).—i. e. tamas + maya, I. adj., f. . 1. Consisting of darkness, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 22, 19. 2. Involved in darkness, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 583. Ii. m. Wrath, Mārk. P. 47, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय).—[feminine] ī consisting of darkness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tamomaya (तमोमय):—[=tamo-maya] [from tamo > tam] mf(ī)n. consisting or composed of or covered with darkness, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā v, 3; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. the mind enveloped with darkness (one of the 5 forms of avidyā in Sāṃkhya [philosophy]), [vlii, 15]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय):—[(yaḥ-yī-yaṃ) a.] Full of darkness, composed of darkness.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tamomaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tamomaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tamomaya (तमोमय):—(a) one in whom the element of [tamas] (see) is predominant; dark; abounding in ignorance; wrathful.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tamōmaya (ತಮೋಮಯ):—[adjective] pitch or thick dark.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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