Tamba, Tambā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Tamba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Tamba in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link from the Lamiaceae (Mint) family. For the possible medicinal usage of tamba, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Tamba - A king of Benares whose queen was Sussondi. For his story see the Sussondi Jataka (J.iii.187ff). He is identified with Ananda.

2. Tamba - A Tamil general and a fort of the same name. Both were captured by Dutthagamani during his campaign against the Tamils. Tamba was an uncle of Unnama. Mhv.xxv.14.

3. Tamba - An officer of Parakkamabahu I. He was chief of the Kesadhatus. Cv.lxx.66.

4. Tamba - One of the ten families of elephants. Each elephant of this family has the strength of ten thousand men. AA.ii.822; MA.i.262, etc.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Tamba in Ivory Coast is the name of a plant defined with Cola cordifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Sterculia cordifolia Cav. (among others).

2) Tamba is also identified with Detarium senegalense It has the synonym Detarium heudelotianum Baill. (etc.).

3) Tamba in Mali is also identified with Detarium microcarpum It has the synonym Detarium senegalense sensu auct. (etc.).

4) Tamba in Nigeria is also identified with Eleusine coracana It has the synonym Cynosurus coracanus L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plantae Javanicae Rariores (1844)
· Species Graminum (1828)
· Molecules (2008)
· Systema Naturae (1791)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Carbohydrate Research

If you are looking for specific details regarding Tamba, for example health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tamba : (adj.) copper-coloured; brown. (nt.), copper.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tamba, (nt.) (Sk. tāmra, orig. adj. =dark coloured, leaden; cp. Sk. adj. taṃsra id. , to tama) copper (“the dark metal”); usually in combinations, signifying colour of or made of (cp. loha bronze), e.g. lākhātamba (adj.) Th. 2, 440 (colour of an ox); °akkhin Vv 323 (timira°) Sdhp. 286; °nakhin J. VI, 290; °nettā (f.) ibid.; °bhājana DhA. I, 395; °mattika DhA. IV, 106; °vammika DhA. III, 208; °loha PvA. 95 (=loha). (Page 297)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tāmba (तांब).—f (tāmra S) Rust of iron. (Because such rust is red.) 2 Redness of sky (at sunrising or sunsetting). 3 Red blight attacking young wheat or śāḷū. 4 A reddish tick or louse infesting cattle: also the disorder consisting in this infestation. 5 (fig. of Sig. I.) Rust; loss of power through disuse or inactivity. 6 The outer and coarse (red) bran of wheat. tāmba jhāḍaṇēṃ (To scour or cast off one's rust.) To rate or scold vehemently: also to speak profusely. Also tāmba jhaḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To undergo a vehement scolding.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tāmba (तांब).—f Rust of Iron. Redness of sky. The red blight attacking young wheat. A red tick infesting cattle. tāmba jhaḍaṇēṃ Undergo a vehement scolding. tāmba jhāḍaṇēṃ Scold vehemently, speak pro- fusely.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tambā (तम्बा).—A cow.

See also (synonyms): tampā, tambikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tambā (तम्बा).—f.

(-mbā) A cow: see tampā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tambā (तम्बा):—([from] tāmrā) f. = mpā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tambā (तम्बा):—(mbā) 1. f. A cow.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tamba in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tāṃbā (तांबा):—(nm) copper.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Taṃba (तंब) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Satamba.

2) Taṃba (तंब) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tāmra.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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