Takshaka, aka: Takṣaka; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Takshaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Takṣaka can be transliterated into English as Taksaka or Takshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Takshaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Takṣaka (तक्षक):—Son of Prasenajit (son of Viśvabāhu). He had a son named Bṛhadbala. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.8)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Takṣaka (तक्षक):—One of the Nāgas that dwell on the Niṣadha mountain, according to the Vāyu-purāṇa.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Takṣaka (तक्षक).—A fierce serpent. Genealogy and birth. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Takṣaka. (See full article at Story of Takṣaka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Takṣaka (तक्षक).—The elder of the two sons of Lakṣmaṇa of his wife Ūrmilā. The other was Chatraketu. Following the instructions of Śrī Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa went to the east sea coast, defeated the forest tribe there. He then constructed a city there named Agati and made Takṣaka the king there. He then went to the west sea-coast and destroying the barbarous tribe there constructed a city there called Candramatī and made Chatraketu (? candraketu) the king. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Takṣaka (तक्षक).—A serpent chief; (nāga) of Sutalam and of the Krodhavaśa group.1 Caused the death of Parīkṣit in consequence of the curse of the Brahmaṇa's son. Parīkṣit was informed beforehand by Śuka and was not afraid.2 Met the sage Kaśyapa on his way to Parīkṣit's place.3 When Janamejaya began his sarpa satra (yāga), Takṣaka sought shelter of Indra, and this resulted in Indra's fall;4 served as calf for Nāgas to derive poison from the earth.5 The Nāga presiding over the month of Śukra;6 on the neck of Śiva; an ear ornament of Śiva.7 Shaken by Hiraṇyakaśipu;8 lived in the Niṣadha hill;9 sent along with others to fight Prahlāda;10 a Kādraveya;11 in the sun's chariot in the month of Suci.12

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 29; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 17. 34; 20. 24; III. 7. 32; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; 8. 7. Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 54; 50. 23; 54. 91; 69. 69.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 27; 18. 2 and 37; 19. 4; IX. 22. 36; XII. 5. 10; 6. 5.
  • 3) Ib. XII. 6. 11-12.
  • 4) Ib. XII. 6. 16-23.
  • 5) Ib. IV. 18. 22; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 13; IV. 20. 53; 33. 36; 36. 212; Matsya-purāṇa 10. 19.
  • 6) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 35.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 88; Matsya-purāṇa 154. 444.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 163. 56: 114. 83; 126. 7; 133. 33.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 46. 34; 52. 6.
  • 10) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 17. 38.
  • 11) Ib. I. 21. 21.
  • 12) Ib. II. 10. 7.

1b) The son of Prasenajit and father of Bṛhadbala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 8.

1c) The father of Jvalanā (s.v.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 128.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Takṣaka (तक्षक):—One of the four types of Śilpin (“the architectural student”), according to the Śilparatna, which was written by Śrī Kumāra. The Śilparatna is a classical Hindu literary work on arts and crafts (this tradition is also known as śilpa-śāstra). The Śilpin learns his profession first from his teacher (guru), but later from various specialists.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Takṣaka (तक्षक).— Finally, the takṣaka, “carpenter”, also is stated to know the Veda, and be skilled in his craft of wood-joinery.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Takṣaka (तक्षक).—One of the eight kulas (‘families’) of nāgas mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Takṣaka, and other nāgas, reside in pātāla (the nether world) and can assume different forms at will. Their movement is unobstructed in the all the worlds and they appear beautiful, divine and strong.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Takṣaka (तक्षक) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Pātāla, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Pātāla refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Takshaka in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Takṣaka (तक्षक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.5, I.35, I.37.13, I.41, I.41, I.52.7, I.57, I.59.40, I.65, I.90.23) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Takṣaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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According to the Mahabharata, Takshaka is the king of serpents. Other accounts give the name of this being as Vasuki, but these two serpents are believed to be different snakes.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Takṣaka (तक्षक).—Serpent deity (nāga) of the northern cremation ground.—The Śmaśānavidhi 7 states that Takṣaka is red and has a svastika on his hood, making the añjali with bowed head.

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Takṣaka (तक्षक) is the name of a serpent (nāga) associated with Gahvara: the northern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These nāga-kings (eg., Takṣaka) are variously known as nāgarāja, nāgeśa, nāgendra and bhujageśa and are depicted as wearing white ornaments according to Lūyīpāda’s Śmaśānavidhi. They have human tosos above their coiled snaketails and raised hoods above their heads. They each have their own color assigned and they bear a mark upon their raised hoods. They all make obeisance to the dikpati (protector) who is before them and are seated beneath the tree (vṛkṣa).

The Guhyasamayasādhanamālā by Umāptideva is a 12th century ritualistic manual including forty-six Buddhist tantric sādhanas. The term sādhana refers to “rites” for the contemplation of a divinity.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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takṣaka (तक्षक).—m (S) The name of one of the principal nāga or serpents of pātāla. 2 fig. Applied to a malicious, vindictive, vengeful person. 3 A carpenter.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

takṣaka (तक्षक).—m The name of one of the princi- pal nāga of pātāla. Fig. A vengeful per- son. A carpenter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Takṣaka (तक्षक).—[takṣ ṇvul]

1) A carpenter, wood-cutter (whether by caste or profession).

2) The chief actor in the prelude of a drama (i. e. the sūtradhāra).

3) Name of the architect of the gods.

4) Name of one of the principal Nāgas or serpents of the Pātāla, son of Kaśyapa and Kadru (saved at the intercession of the sage Āstika from being burnt down in the serpent-sacrifice performed by king Janamejaya, in which many others of his race were burnt down to ashes).

Derivable forms: takṣakaḥ (तक्षकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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