Taka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Taka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Taak.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Taka in the Marathi language is another name for Bheṇḍā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.161 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Other than the Marathi word Taka, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which five are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ṭākā.—Bengali form of ṭaṅka, meaning a silver coin (rupee) and also money. Note: ṭākā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Ṭākā.—modern Bengali form of ṭaṇkā (from ṭaṅkaka); silver coin; money; written in old Bengali as taṅkā; see ṭaṅka. Note: ṭākā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Taka, a kind of medicinal gum, enumerated with two varieties, viz. takapattī & takapaṇṇī under jatūni bhesajjāni at Vin. I, 201. (Page 292)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaka (टक).—f (Imit.) A continued throbbing of the temples. v lāga. 2 A fixed look; a stare or gaze. v lāva, lāga. 3 fig. A continued noise: i. e. a long-lasting recitation or discourse; an incessant whining, crying, halloing, barking, singing, raining &c.;--as determined by the significant word with which it is connected. Ex. ēkasārakhī bhāṣaṇācī ṭaka-pāvasācī ṭaka-raḍaṇyācī ṭaka-paḍhaṇyācī ṭaka-mhaṇaṇyācī ṭaka-lāvalī āhē. 4 n (Poetry.) The fixedness of astonishment or amazement. Ex. pāhatāṃ bhīmakīcī rūparēkhā || ṭaka paḍalēṃ sakaḷikāṃ ||.

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ṭakā (टका).—m ( H) An aggregate of sixteen śivarāī- pice: also an aggregate of four pice, an an̤a: also, as in parts of Gujarat, an aggregate of three pice. 2 Money. Pr. ṭakyā kōṭhēṃrē jātōsa sakhā tōḍāyāsa. Used, however, esp. in comp. as gharaṭakā, lagnaṭakā, tōraṇaṭakā House money or tax, marriage-tax &c. Used also for a rupee; as śēkaḍā pāñca ṭakē. 3 A land measure consisting of 120 square Bigha. ṭakē karaṇēṃ g. of o. To make money of, lit. fig.; to turn to account; to have the superiority or advantage over. ṭakē śēra Exceedingly cheap. The phrase agrees with paiśāsa pāyalī, mātīcēṃ mōla &c.: also of little value or low estimation; as hē pūrvīṃ bhālērāva hōtē ailīkaḍē ṭakē śēra jhālē: also all of one price, good or bad; as Pr. ṭakē śēra āṭā ṭakē śēra khājā.

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ṭākā (टाका) [or टांका, ṭāṅkā].—m A stitch. 2 fig. A joint of the body, esp. a vertebre of the back. 3 Mildew or blight. ṭāṅkā cālatā hōṇēṃ g. of s. To have found access; to have commenced operations; to have taken the first step; to have put a stitch in. ṭāṅkē ḍhīla or ḍhilē karaṇēṃ g. of o. To slacken the joints, i. e. to beat soundly, or to overwork. ṭāṅkē ḍhīla hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be out of joint: and fig. to be well beaten, overworked, knocked up &c.

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tāka (ताक).—n (takra S) Buttermilk; or rather, the residue of coagulated milk from which, after pouring in water and after churning, the butyrous portion has been extracted. Pr. jicē gharīṃ tāka ticēṃ varatēṃ gēlēṃ nāka. tākācēṃ pāṇī or tākācā thēmba A small quantity of buttermilk. See under kavaḍī. tākāsa jāūna gāḍagēṃ lapaviṇēṃ To allow one's self in some common course or act, but, from shame at disclosure, to endeavor to cover one's doing. tākāsa tūra na lāgūṃ dēṇēṃ To preserve a matter profoundly secret; to allow no trace, clew, or connection to appear; to conceal one's mind by evasive or elusive speech.

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tākā (ताका).—m A web or whole piece of cloth. 2 Blight or mildew.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭaka (टक).—f A continued throbbing of the temples. v lāga A fixed look; a stare or gaze. A continued noise. The fixedness of astonishment.

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ṭakā (टका).—m Money.

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ṭākā (टाका) [or ṭāṅkā, or टांका].—m A stitch. A joint of the body, esp. a vertebre of the back. Mildew or blight ṭākā cālatā hōṇēṃ To have found access; to have commenc- ed operations. ṭākēṃ ḍhīlēṃ or ḍhilē karaṇē To slacken the joints, i.e. to beat sound- ly, or to overwork. ṭākē ḍhīla hōṇēṃ To be out of joint: to be well beaten, over- worked.

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tāka (ताक).—n Butter-milk. tākaṭa f n Butter-milk, residue in butter or ghee. tākāsa jāūna gāḍagēṃ lapaviṇēṃ To allow oneself in some common act and then try to cover one's doing. tākāsa tūra lāgūṃ na dēṇēṃ To preserve a matter profoundly secret.

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tākā (ताका).—m A whole piece of cloth. Blight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taka (तक).—a. Ved.

1) Censured.

2) Enduring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Taka (तक).—m., and taka-karṇin, m. (Pali taka, and compare taka-paṇṇi, in corresp. list), name of two resinous substances (jatu) used medicinally: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.iii.17, and i.iv.1 tako lākṣās, takakarṇī sikthaṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taka (तक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) That. E. tat that kan pleonasm added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taka (तक).—[pronoun], stem, demin, to ta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṭāka (टाक):—m. = ṭakka, a niggard, [Rājataraṅgiṇī -vii, 415]

2) Name of a family, [Romakasiddhānta; Madanavinoda; Smṛtikaumudī]

3) Taka (तक):—m([nominative case] [plural] ās)fn. (ad). ([diminutive] of 2. ta) that, 133, 4 and 191, 15 [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xiii; Bhadrabāhu-caritra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taka (तक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Belonging to that.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Taka (तक):—(demin. von 1. ta; vgl. yaka, asakau, saka) pron.: i.a.ta.aḥ kuṣumbha.asta.aṃ bhina.myaśmanā [Ṛgveda 1, 191, 15.] takā vayaṃ plavāmahe [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 13, 3, 21.] tatsu te manāyati ta.atsu te manāyati [Ṛgveda 1, 133, 4.]

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Ṭāka (टाक):—Nomen proprium einer Oertlichkeit [Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,30. 339,b,41.] eines Geschlechts [275,a,1.b,5 v. u.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ṭāka (टाक):—m. Nomen proprium eines Geschlechts.

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Taka (तक):—Demin. von 1. ta 1).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ṭaka (टक):—(nf) a stare, gaze; —[bāṃdhanā] to stare intently; —[lagānā] to wait impatiently.

2) Ṭakā (टका):—(nm) an out-of-currency Indian copper coin worth half an anna (equivalent roughly to current three paise); —[pāsa na honā] to be penniless; -[sā javāba denā] to refuse point-blank, to say a flat 'no'; -[sā muṃha lekara raha jānā] to be ticked off into a sense of humiliation, to feel humiliated; [ṭake kā] inconsequential, negligible; worthless; -[ṭake ko na pūchanā] to consider as of no consequence/worthless; to reckon as a non-entity.

3) Taka (तक) [Also spelled tak]:—(ind) to, upto; till, until; by.

4) Tāka (ताक) [Also spelled taak]:—(nf) look out; nominal form of the verb [tākanā] (see); -[jhāṃka] see under [tākanā].

5) Tāka (ताक) [Also spelled taak]:—(nm) a niche; —[para dharanā /rakhanā] to set aside (for later use), to defer.

context information

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