Tadguna, Tadguṇa, Tad-guna: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tadguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Rudraṭa is the first Ālaṃkārika to mention tadguṇa as an alaṃkāra (Ru. K.A. VI/22 & 24). Mammaṭa has dealt with this tadguṇa in his Kāvyaprakāśa (X/Sū 204). Ruyyaka (A.S.P. 170) has followed Mammaṭa to define tadguṇa. Jayadeva in his Candrāloka (C.L.V/102) has said that assumption of the attribute of another by living one’s own attribute is known as tadguṇa. In the opinion of Viśvanātha the assumption of higher merit living one’s own merit forms tadguṇa.

Cirañjīva defines tadguṇa in a slightly different way. He defines—“tadguṇaḥ svaguṇe mlāne tvanyataḥ svaguṇodayaḥ”.—“When the merit of one becomes lower for some what reason and if the previous merit of the object is retained again then it is tadguṇa”.

Example of the tadguṇa-alaṃkāra:—

tava pratāpānaladāhitani ciraṃ virūpāṇyarimandirāṇi |
atho kṛpādṛṣṭyamṛtaikavṛṣṭyā labdhasvarūpāṇi nirīkṣitāni ||

“The houses of enemies which are caused to be burnt by the fire of your prowess have lost their form for long time. Again these are seen to attain their form by the shower of nectar in the form of your favourable glance”.

Notes: In this verse it has been said that the residences of the enemies became defarmed by the attack of the powerful king. But the king became somehow pleased with the conquered enemies. Now with the shower of favourable glance of the powerful king the previous forms of the abodes of enemies are restored. So on account of regaining the previous merit it is an example of tadguṇa alaṃkāra.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tadguna in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण, “borrower”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—There is an example of ‘tadguṇa’ also in Bhīṣmacarita. With the help of this figure of speech, the poet has aptly presented the sense of borrowing in V.28. Here the poet has aptly depicted how Devavrata acquired the skill and strength of a true warrior from his teacher Paraśurāma like that a lamp acquires from another lamp.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण).—a. possessing those qualities. (-ṇaḥ) 1 the quality or virtue of anything; R.1.9.

2) a figure of speech (in Rhet.); स्वमुत्सृज्य गुणं योगादत्युज्ज्वलगुणस्य यत् । वस्तु तद्गुण- तामेति भण्यते स तु तद्गुणः (svamutsṛjya guṇaṃ yogādatyujjvalaguṇasya yat | vastu tadguṇa- tāmeti bhaṇyate sa tu tadguṇaḥ) || K. P.1.137; see Chandr.5.141. °संविज्ञानः (saṃvijñānaḥ) a term applied to those Bahuvrīhi compounds in which the qualities denoted by the name are perceived along with the thing itself; as लंबकर्ण (laṃbakarṇa); cf. अतद्गुणसंविज्ञान (atadguṇasaṃvijñāna) also.

Tadguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and guṇa (गुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण).—1. [masculine] the quality or virtue of that (those).

--- OR ---

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण).—2. [adjective] poss. to [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tadguṇa (तद्गुण):—[=tad-guṇa] [from tad > tat] mfn. possessing these qualities, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xiv f.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the quality of that or those, [xii f].

3) [v.s. ...] [xvi]

4) [v.s. ...] [xxiii f.]

5) [v.s. ...] the virtue of (that or) those (persons), [Raghuvaṃśa i, 9]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) transferring the qualities of one thing to another (a figure of speech), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa x, 90; Kuvalayānanda; Kāvyaprakāśa x, 51]

7) [v.s. ...] also a- [negative] ‘a figure of speech in which a quality expected in any object is denied’, 52

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण):—(tad + guṇa)

1) m. dessen (deren) Eigenschaft: tadguṇadarśanāt [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 12, 1, 1. 13, 1, 1. 16, 1, 1. 23, 1, 5. 24, 4, 2.] dessen (deren) gute Eigenschaft, Tugend [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 9.] —

2) adj. diese Eigenschaften besitzend [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 2, 14. 15, 10, 6.] —

3) m. eine best. rhet. Figur, ein bildlicher Ausdruck, bei welchem die Eigenschaften eines Gegenstandes auf einen andern übertragen werden: tadguṇaḥ svaguṇatyāgādanyadīyaguṇagrahaḥ [KUVALAY. 140],a. tadguṇaḥ svaguṇatyāgātyutkṛṣṭaguṇagrahaḥ [Sāhityadarpana 746.] [Kāvyaprakāśa 183, 5. 6.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tadguṇa (तद्गुण):—1. m.

1) dessen oder deren Eigenschaft.

2) dessen oder deren Vorzug.

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Tadguṇa (तद्गुण):—2. —

1) Adj. diese Eigenschaften besitzend.

2) m. in der Rhet. ein bildlicher , Ausdruck , bei welchem die Eigenschaften eines Gegenstandes auf einen andern übertragen werden.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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