Taddhita, Tad-hita: 9 definitions


Taddhita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Taddhita (तद्धित) refers to “nominal affixes/suffixes” (in Sanskrit grammar) and forms part of the “verbal representation” (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. Vācika itself represents one of the four categories of representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Taddhita (तद्धित, “nominal affix”).—As it develops suitable meanings of a word by an elision of some of its sounds, a separation of its root and affix or their combination and by pointing out an abstract notion, it is called taddhita (“nominal affix”).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Taddhita (तद्धित).—Secondary affixes added to the words other than the verbal roots.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Taddhita (तद्धित).—A term of the ancient pre-Paninian grammarians used by Panini just like सर्वनामन् (sarvanāman) or अव्यय (avyaya) without giving any specific definition of it. The term occurs in the Nirukta of Yaska and the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya ; cf. अथ तद्वि-तसमासेषु एकपर्वसु चानेकपर्वसु पूर्वे पूर्वमपरमपरं प्रविभज्य निर्ब्रूयात् । द्ण्डय्ः पुरुषः । दण्डमर्ह-तीति वा, दण्डेन संपद्यते इति वा (atha tadvi-tasamāseṣu ekaparvasu cānekaparvasu pūrve pūrvamaparamaparaṃ pravibhajya nirbrūyāt | dṇḍayḥ puruṣaḥ | daṇḍamarha-tīti vā, daṇḍena saṃpadyate iti vā) Nir. II.2; also cf. तिङ्कृत्तद्धितचतुथ्यसमासाः इाब्दमयम् (tiṅkṛttaddhitacatuthyasamāsāḥ iाbdamayam) Vaj Prati.I. 27. It is to be noted that the word तद्वित (tadvita) is used by the ancient grammarians in the sense of a word derived from a substantive (प्रातिपादक (prātipādaka)) by the application of suffixes like अ, यत् (a, yat) etc., and not in the sense of words derived from roots by affixes like अन, ति (ana, ti) etc. which were termed नामकरण (nāmakaraṇa), as possibly contrasted with the word ताद्धित (tāddhita) used by Yaska in II. 5. Panini has used the word तद्धित (taddhita) not for words, but for the suffixes which are added to form such words at all places (e. g. in I. 1.38, IV.1.17, 76, VI.1.61 etc.). in fact, he has begun the enumeration of taddhita affixes with the rule तद्धिताः (taddhitāḥ) (P.IV.1. 76) by putting the term तद्धित (taddhita) for affixes such as ति, ष्यङ्, अण् (ti, ṣyaṅ, aṇ) etc. which are mentioned thereafter. In his rule कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च (kṛttaddhitasamāsāśca) and in the Varttika समासकृत्तद्धिताव्यय (samāsakṛttaddhitāvyaya)(I.4.1Vart. 41) which are similar to V.Pr.1. 27 quoted above the word तद्धित (taddhita) appears to be actually used for words derived from nouns by secondary affixes, along with the word कृत् (kṛt) which also means words derived from roots, although commentators have explained there the terms कृत् (kṛt) and तद्धित (taddhita) for कृदन्त (kṛdanta) and तद्धितान्त (taddhitānta). The term तद्वित (tadvita) is evidently echoed in the Sutra तस्मै हितम् (tasmai hitam) which, although it is not the first Sutra 22 of the taddhita section, may imply that there were possibly long lists of secondary nouns with the senses of secondary suffixes, and तद्धित (taddhita) was perhaps,the first sense given there. The number of taddhita suffixes mentioned by Panini is quite a large one; there are in fact 1110 rules given in the taddhita section covering almost two Adhyayas viz. from P. IV. 1.76 to the end of the fifth Adhyaya. The main sub-divisions of taddhita affixes mentioned by commentators are, Apatyadyarthaka (IV. 1.92 to 178), Raktadyarthaka (IV.2.1 to 91), Saisika {IV.2. 92 to IV.3.133), Pragdivyatiya (IV. 3 134 to 168), Pragvahatiya (IV.4.1 to IV.4.74), Pragghitiya (IV.4.75 to IV.4.109), Arhiya (V.1.1 to 71),Thanadhikarastha (V. 1.72 to V. 1.1.114), Bhavakarmarthaka (V. 1.115 to V.1.136), Pancamika (V. 2.1 to V. 2.93), Matvarthiya (V. 2.94 to V. 2. 140), Vibhaktisamjaaka (V. 3.1 to V. 3.26) and Svarthika (V. 3.27 to V. 4.160). The samasanta affixes (V.4.68 to V.4.160) can be included in the Svarthika affixes.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taddhita (तद्धित).—a. good for that.

Taddhita is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and hita (हित).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taddhita (तद्धित).—m.

(-taḥ) A derivative noun, as a patronimic or attributive of various kinds, &c. n.

(-taṃ) The formation of such nouns. E. tat that, (original noun,) hita what relates to or suits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taddhita (तद्धित).—[masculine] a kind of suffix & a word formed by it ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Taddhita (तद्धित) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] Oppert. 700.
—by Bhaṭṭoji. Oppert. Ii, 5197.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taddhita (तद्धित):—[=tad-dhita] [from tad > tat] n. (hita) sg. and [plural] his welfare, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra ii; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 9, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ([scilicet] pratyaya) an affix forming nouns from other nouns (opposed to 1. kṛt), noun formed thus, derivative noun (tad-dhita mfn. ‘good for that or him’, is one of the meanings peculiar to derivative, nouns cf. maudakika etc.), [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 2; Prātiśākhya; Pāṇini; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa ii, 8, 15] (also a-tad-dhita [negative] mfn. ‘having no Taddhita affix’)

3) Tāddhita (ताद्धित):—[from tāddharmya > tādṛkṣa] mfn. formed with a Tad-dhita affix, [Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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