Taddhita, aka: Tad-hita; 6 Definition(s)


Taddhita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Taddhita (तद्धित) refers to “nominal affixes/suffixes” (in Sanskrit grammar) and forms part of the “verbal representation” (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. Vācika itself represents one of the four categories of representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Taddhita (तद्धित, “nominal affix”).—As it develops suitable meanings of a word by an elision of some of its sounds, a separation of its root and affix or their combination and by pointing out an abstract notion, it is called taddhita (“nominal affix”).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Taddhita in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Taddhita (तद्धित).—Secondary affixes added to the words other than the verbal roots.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Taddhita (तद्धित).—A term of the ancient pre-Paninian grammarians used by Panini just like सर्वनामन् (sarvanāman) or अव्यय (avyaya) without giving any specific definition of it. The term occurs in the Nirukta of Yaska and the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya ; cf. अथ तद्वि-तसमासेषु एकपर्वसु चानेकपर्वसु पूर्वे पूर्वमपरमपरं प्रविभज्य निर्ब्रूयात् । द्ण्डय्ः पुरुषः । दण्डमर्ह-तीति वा, दण्डेन संपद्यते इति वा (atha tadvi-tasamāseṣu ekaparvasu cānekaparvasu pūrve pūrvamaparamaparaṃ pravibhajya nirbrūyāt | dṇḍayḥ puruṣaḥ | daṇḍamarha-tīti vā, daṇḍena saṃpadyate iti vā) Nir. II.2; also cf. तिङ्कृत्तद्धितचतुथ्यसमासाः इाब्दमयम् (tiṅkṛttaddhitacatuthyasamāsāḥ iाbdamayam) Vaj Prati.I. 27. It is to be noted that the word तद्वित (tadvita) is used by the ancient grammarians in the sense of a word derived from a substantive (प्रातिपादक (prātipādaka)) by the application of suffixes like अ, यत् (a, yat) etc., and not in the sense of words derived from roots by affixes like अन, ति (ana, ti) etc. which were termed नामकरण (nāmakaraṇa), as possibly contrasted with the word ताद्धित (tāddhita) used by Yaska in II. 5. Panini has used the word तद्धित (taddhita) not for words, but for the suffixes which are added to form such words at all places (e. g. in I. 1.38, IV.1.17, 76, VI.1.61 etc.). in fact, he has begun the enumeration of taddhita affixes with the rule तद्धिताः (taddhitāḥ) (P.IV.1. 76) by putting the term तद्धित (taddhita) for affixes such as ति, ष्यङ्, अण् (ti, ṣyaṅ, aṇ) etc. which are mentioned thereafter. In his rule कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च (kṛttaddhitasamāsāśca) and in the Varttika समासकृत्तद्धिताव्यय (samāsakṛttaddhitāvyaya)(I.4.1Vart. 41) which are similar to V.Pr.1. 27 quoted above the word तद्धित (taddhita) appears to be actually used for words derived from nouns by secondary affixes, along with the word कृत् (kṛt) which also means words derived from roots, although commentators have explained there the terms कृत् (kṛt) and तद्धित (taddhita) for कृदन्त (kṛdanta) and तद्धितान्त (taddhitānta). The term तद्वित (tadvita) is evidently echoed in the Sutra तस्मै हितम् (tasmai hitam) which, although it is not the first Sutra 22 of the taddhita section, may imply that there were possibly long lists of secondary nouns with the senses of secondary suffixes, and तद्धित (taddhita) was perhaps,the first sense given there. The number of taddhita suffixes mentioned by Panini is quite a large one; there are in fact 1110 rules given in the taddhita section covering almost two Adhyayas viz. from P. IV. 1.76 to the end of the fifth Adhyaya. The main sub-divisions of taddhita affixes mentioned by commentators are, Apatyadyarthaka (IV. 1.92 to 178), Raktadyarthaka (IV.2.1 to 91), Saisika {IV.2. 92 to IV.3.133), Pragdivyatiya (IV. 3 134 to 168), Pragvahatiya (IV.4.1 to IV.4.74), Pragghitiya (IV.4.75 to IV.4.109), Arhiya (V.1.1 to 71),Thanadhikarastha (V. 1.72 to V. 1.1.114), Bhavakarmarthaka (V. 1.115 to V.1.136), Pancamika (V. 2.1 to V. 2.93), Matvarthiya (V. 2.94 to V. 2. 140), Vibhaktisamjaaka (V. 3.1 to V. 3.26) and Svarthika (V. 3.27 to V. 4.160). The samasanta affixes (V.4.68 to V.4.160) can be included in the Svarthika affixes.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taddhita in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Taddhita (तद्धित).—a. good for that.

Taddhita is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and hita (हित).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taddhita (तद्धित).—m.

(-taḥ) A derivative noun, as a patronimic or attributive of various kinds, &c. n.

(-taṃ) The formation of such nouns. E. tat that, (original noun,) hita what relates to or suits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 856 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n. sub. (-traṃ) The archetype or subtile rudiment of elementary matter. ad...
Tatpuruṣa (तत्पुरुष).—m. (-ṣaḥ) 1. That or a certain person. 2. A form of composition, (in Gram...
Hita (हित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Suitable, proper, fit, worthy, right, (generally with a dativ...
Hitopadeśa (हितोपदेश).—m. (-śaḥ) Friendly or proper advice. E. hita proper, upadeśa advice.
Tatkṣaṇa (तत्क्षण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) Time present, time being. E. tad that, and kṣaṇa moment.
Tatkāla (तत्काल).—m. (-laḥ) Present time, time being, or the time when an act occurs. E. tat th...
Antarhita (अन्तर्हित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Concealed, covered, hidden, disappeared. E. antar wit...
Tad-bhava.—(IA 7), a word in Prakrit or the regional languages, which is modified from a Sanskr...
Tajja (तज्ज).—mfn. (-jjaḥ-jjā-jjaṃ) Immediate, instantaneous. E. tat that, (that moment,) and j...
Suhita (सुहित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Satiated, satisfied. 2. Fit, right, suitable. 3. Kindly, ...
Hitakara refers to: a benefactor Mhvs 4, 65. Hinati (hi, hinoti) to send; only in cpd. pahiṇat...
Hitabuddhi (हितबुद्धि).—mfn. (-ddhiḥ-ddhiḥ-ddhi) Well-disposed to, wishing well to. E. hita and...
Svahita (स्वहित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Good for one’s self. E. sva, and hita good.
Ātmahita (आत्महित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Beneficial to one’s self. E. ātman and hita good for.
Tadanta (तदन्त).—n. adv. (-ntaṃ) To that end, just so far. E. tad, and anta end.

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