Sveda: 10 definitions


Sveda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sveda (स्वेद, “sweating”).—One of the eight ‘involutary states’ (sāttvikabhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘involutary states’ are different from consequents (anubhāva) because of their arising from the inner nature (sattva). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.6-7)

Source: Natya Shastra

Sveda (स्वेद, “perspiration”) occurs as the result of anger, fear, joy, shame, sorrow, toil, sickness, heat, exercise, fatigue, summer and massage. Perspiration should be represented on the stage by taking up a fan, wiping off sweat and looking for breeze.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sveda (स्वेद, “sweat”) (Pali, Seda) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., sveda]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svēda (स्वेद).—m (S) Perspiration or sweat. 2 Vapor or steam.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svēda (स्वेद).—m Sweat. Vapour.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—[svid-bhāve ghañ]

1) Sweat, perspiration; अङ्गुलिस्वेदेन दूष्येरन्नक्षराणि (aṅgulisvedena dūṣyerannakṣarāṇi) V.2.

2) Heat, warmth.

3) Vapour.

Derivable forms: svedaḥ (स्वेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Warm, perspiring. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Warmth, heat. 2. Perspiration, sweat. 3. Vapour, steam. E. ṣvid to perspire, &c., aff. ghañ, or causal verb, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—[masculine] sweat; [plural] drops of sweat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sveda (स्वेद):—[from svid] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) sweating, perspiring, sweat, perspiration ([plural] ‘drops of p°’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a sudorific, [Caraka; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] warmth, heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] warm vapour, steam (See [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. sweating, perspiring, toiling, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) b etc. See [column]1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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