Sveda: 18 definitions


Sveda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swed.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sveda (स्वेद, “sweating”).—One of the eight ‘involutary states’ (sāttvikabhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘involutary states’ are different from consequents (anubhāva) because of their arising from the inner nature (sattva). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.6-7)

Source: Natya Shastra

Sveda (स्वेद, “perspiration”) occurs as the result of anger, fear, joy, shame, sorrow, toil, sickness, heat, exercise, fatigue, summer and massage. Perspiration should be represented on the stage by taking up a fan, wiping off sweat and looking for breeze.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sveda (स्वेद):—Sweat, perspiration. Mala of Meda Dhātu. The function of Sveda is to withhold Kleda (watery portion) in the skin.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sveda (स्वेद) refers to “profuse sweat” and represents one of the ten symptoms of a snake-bite (daṃśaceṣṭita) that could be potentially fatal, as taught in the Ceṣṭita (“symptoms of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The ten symptoms of a bite ordained by time/death that could be fatal mentioned by Kaśyapa are—horripilation, thirst/burning sensation, profuse sweat (sveda), phlegm, inflammation/irritation of all the organs of the body, debility/lack of control of all the organs, salivation, incoherent blabbering, lack of memory and finally death.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sveda (स्वेद) refers to “gloom”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] She who delights her husband delights all the worlds. When she sees her husband coming home she shall hasten to serve him food and water, hand him betel and change of garments, and serve him by massaging his feet. By pleasing words she shall fascinate him and dispel his gloom (sveda-sannodana). [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sveda (स्वेद, “sweat”) (Pali, Seda) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., sveda]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svēda (स्वेद).—m (S) Perspiration or sweat. 2 Vapor or steam.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svēda (स्वेद).—m Sweat. Vapour.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—[svid-bhāve ghañ]

1) Sweat, perspiration; अङ्गुलिस्वेदेन दूष्येरन्नक्षराणि (aṅgulisvedena dūṣyerannakṣarāṇi) V.2.

2) Heat, warmth.

3) Vapour.

Derivable forms: svedaḥ (स्वेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Warm, perspiring. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Warmth, heat. 2. Perspiration, sweat. 3. Vapour, steam. E. ṣvid to perspire, &c., aff. ghañ, or causal verb, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—i. e. svid + a, m. 1. Perspiration, sweat, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 27, 2. 2. Hot moisture, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 5. 3. Warmth. 4. Hot work, labour, Chr. 292, 8 = [Rigveda.] i. 86, 8. 5. Vapour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद).—[masculine] sweat; [plural] drops of sweat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sveda (स्वेद):—[from svid] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) sweating, perspiring, sweat, perspiration ([plural] ‘drops of p°’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a sudorific, [Caraka; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] warmth, heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] warm vapour, steam (See [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. sweating, perspiring, toiling, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) b etc. See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद):—(daḥ) 1. m. Warmth, perspiration; steam. a. Warm, perspiring.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sveda (स्वेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sveda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sveda (स्वेद) [Also spelled swed]:—(nm) sweat, perspiration; -[kaṇa/biṃdu] a drop of sweat; ~[ja] sweat-born; -[jala] sweat; ~[na] sweating, perspiration.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svēda (ಸ್ವೇದ):—

1) [noun] that which is secreted from sweat glands; perspiration; sweat.

2) [noun] warmth; heat.

3) [noun] water in the form or vapour; steam.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of perspiring; sweating.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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