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Svayambhū, aka: Svayambhu; 4 Definition(s)


Svayambhū means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Svayambhū can be transliterated into English as Svayambhu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nagareśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Svayambhū) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

about this context:

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.


1a) Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—The one god in three forms: creating, protecting and destroying: only sectarians speak of each of these as separate: the one of the three guṇas;1 not created and the first.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 82-131.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 44.

1b) The Vedavyāsa of the first dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु)—A holy place on the bank of the Yamunā which Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu visited. (Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madhya–17.191)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—The Śaivite Nepālamāhātmya, contains a section about pilgrimage to Svayambhū, and makes the following observation, “Monks live there who have left their descendents and relatives and enjoy ther bliss of knowledge (jñānānanda), and who are dedicated only to beholding the Buddha.”

Source: Google Books: Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation

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