Svastikasana, aka: Svastika-asana, Svastikāsana; 6 Definition(s)
Svastikasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound svastikāsana translates to svastika (lucky mark) and āsana (posture).
The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (eg., svastikāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.21.—Accordingly, “Having kept both the hands under both the thighs, with the body straight, when one sits calmly in this posture, it is called svastikāsana”.
The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., svastika-āsana)Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 59 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place one foot on one thigh and sit on the other normally. This is svastikāsana, the auspicious”.
The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., dhenuka-āsana) and several additional ones.
These “meditation” āsanas are commonly referred to in most of the yoga texts with variationsSource: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Placing the soles of the two feet between the knees and thighs, one should sit erect. This is called Svastikāsana”.
Svastikāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.
The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning svastika-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.12.—“Having placed the soles of both feet properly between both knees and thighs, the Yogin should sit with erect body; this they term the svastika [posture].”.Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) refers to a type of Sthānāsana (poses dependent on the sthānaka), as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—One leg is held firmly supported on the ground, while the other is crossed over in front and rested on its toes. This posture is called svastikāsana. Svastikāsana is also called yogāsana in the seated posture. Whether the image is standing or seated with legs crossed, it is called svastikasana.
Svastikāsana is similar to the svastika-maṇḍala in Bharatanatyam.—The svastika-maṇḍala is the same in iconography also, but is labeled as svastikāsana. In iconography the legs are crossed in seated posture. The Yoga Narasimha in the Vaṭabhadra Śayana Temple in Sri Villiputtur is found in this svastikāsana posture. Kṛṣṇa is found in svastika-maṇḍala in the Sri Raṅganatha Temple in Sri Rangam as well as Venugopāla in the Rāmasvāmi Temple.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
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