Svastikasana, aka: Svastika-asana, Svastikāsana; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Svastikasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[Svastikasana in Yoga glossaries]

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound svastikāsana translates to svastika (lucky mark) and āsana (posture).

The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (eg., svastikāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.21.—Accordingly, “Having kept both the hands under both the thighs, with the body straight, when one sits calmly in this posture, it is called svastikāsana”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., svastika-āsana)

(Source): Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 59 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place one foot on one thigh and sit on the other normally. This is svastikāsana, the auspicious”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., dhenuka-āsana) and several additional ones.

These “meditation” āsanas are commonly referred to in most of the yoga texts with variations

(Source): archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Placing the soles of the two feet between the knees and thighs, one should sit erect. This is called Svastikāsana”.

Svastikāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning svastika-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

(Source): archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Svastikasana in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) refers to one of the asanas (sitting poses) assumed by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—Svastikāsana is also called yogāsana in the seated posture. Whether the image is standing or seated with legs crossed, it is called swastikasana.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) refers to a type of sthānāsana (variation on the standing poses) assumed by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—One leg is held firmly supported on the ground, while the other is crossed over in front and rested on its toes. This posture is called svastikāsana.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Svastikasana in Shaktism glossaries]

Svastikāsana (स्वस्तिकासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.12.—“Having placed the soles of both feet properly between both knees and thighs, the Yogin should sit with erect body; this they term the svastika [posture].”.

(Source): academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Relevant definitions

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Asana
Āśana (आशन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ment...
Padmasana
Padmāsana (पद्मासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in ...
Virasana
Vīrāsana (वीरासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in hi...
Svastika
Svastika (स्वस्तिक) refers to a “design of religious significance” and represents one of the la...
Simhasana
Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन).—a throne, a seat of honour. -naḥ a particular mode of sexual enjoyment. De...
Bhadrasana
Bhadrāsana (भद्रासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in...
Kukkutasana
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन).—a. particular posture of an ascetic in religious meditation. Derivabl...
Vajrasana
Vajrāsana (वज्रासन) refers to one of the five āsanas (postures) explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in ...
Yogasana
Yogāsana (योगासन) refers to one of the asanas (sitting poses) assumed by the deities in sculptu...
Kurmasana
Kūrmāsana (कूर्मासन).—a particular posture in sitting (practised by ascetics). Derivable forms:...
Hutashana
Hutāśana (हुताशन) is the name of a deity who received the Dīptāgama from Trimūrti who in turn, ...
Matsyasana
Matsyāśana (मत्स्याशन).—1) a king-fisher. 2) one who eats fish. Derivable forms: matsyāśanaḥ (म...
Sukhasana
1) Sukhāsana (सुखासन) or Sukhāsanamūrti refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti) of Śiva...
Shavasana
Śavasana (शवसन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.15, I.57) and represents one ...
Siddhasana
Siddhāsana (सिद्धासन).—a particular posture in religious meditation. Derivable forms: siddhāsan...

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