Svarupin, Svarūpī, Svarūpin, Svarupi, Sva-rupin: 7 definitions


Svarupin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Svarūpin (स्वरूपिन्) refers to “that which has an essence”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 330).—Accordingly, “When one begins to contemplate ‘What is the reality of the body, etc.?’ [and subsequently realizes] “it is simply a form of awareness, replete with the Light of Consciousness,” then those [levels] from the Void to the body manifest as [they really are,] of one essence with Awareness (bodha-svarūpin), as if transmuted by its elixir. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svarupin in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svarūpin (स्वरूपिन्) (Cf. Svarūpiṇī) refers to “one who assumes a particular form”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “[...] The primordial nature, born of Śiva, maintains threefold forms in the creative activity, partially out of sport with diverse digits. Vāṇī, the deity presiding over the activity of speech, is born of his mouth; Lakṣmī, in the form of riches (sarvasampat-svarūpiṇī), is born out of his chest. Pārvatī manifested herself in the splendours of the gods. After killing all the demons she granted riches and glory to the gods. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Svarūpī (स्वरूपी).—a (S) That bears the natural form or qualities of; that is in the form or nature of. In comp. as jalasvarūpī, vāyusvarūpī, kālasvarūpī, manuṣya- svarūpī, dēvasvarūpī.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarūpin (स्वरूपिन्).—adj. endowed with one’s own form, Chr. 26, 64.

Svarūpin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and rūpin (रूपिन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svarūpin (स्वरूपिन्):—[=sva-rūpin] [from sva] mfn. having one’s own or natural form, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] appearing in the form of (ifc.), [Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa; Pañcarātra]

3) [v.s. ...] embodied, [Mahābhārata; Inscriptions]

4) [v.s. ...] having essential properties, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] identical, [ib.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svarūpin (स्वरूपिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saravi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svarupin in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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