Svarthanumana, Svārthānumāna, Svartha-anumana: 4 definitions


Svarthanumana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svarthanumana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Svārthānumāna (स्वार्थानुमान, “for oneself”) or simply Svārtha refers to one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that which is for another. In the first case, a person himself infers something after perceiving the liṅga and remembering its concomitance with the sāddhya. Here the person reaches to the conclusion only for himself.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svarthanumana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Svārthānumāna (स्वार्थानुमान) refers to an “inference for oneself”, according to Cakradhara’s Granthibhaṅga, vol. I, 17.—Accordingly, “Through the method of tarka, something is demonstrated for the opponent exactly as it was understood by oneself at the time of an inference for oneself (svārthānumāna-kāla), because a debate is a discourse of [people] who are free of bias”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svarthanumana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārthānumāna (स्वार्थानुमान).—n.

(-naṃ) (In logic,) A particular process of induction, (as opposed to parārthānumāna.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārthānumāna (स्वार्थानुमान):—[from svārtha > sva] n. ‘inference for o°’s self’, (in [logic]) a [particular] process of induction, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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