Svartha, aka: Svārtha, Sva-artha; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Svartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—Ones own sense possessed by a word, such as जाति, गुण, क्रिया (jāti, guṇa, kriyā) or सँज्ञा (saṃjñā) which is called प्रवृत्तिनिमित्त (pravṛttinimitta) in the case of nouns, and क्रिया (kriyā) in the case of verbs; cf. also आनिर्दिष्टार्थाः प्रत्ययाः स्वार्थे भवान्ति (ānirdiṣṭārthāḥ pratyayāḥ svārthe bhavānti) M. Bh. on P. III. 2. 4 Vart. 2.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Svartha in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svārtha (स्वार्थ, “for oneself”) or Svārthānumāna refers to one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means [inference] which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that [inference] which is for another. In the first case, a person himself infers something after perceiving the liṅga and remembering its concomitance with the sāddhya. Here the person reaches to the conclusion only for himself.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Svartha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

svārtha (स्वार्थ).—m (S sva & artha) One's own profit or advantage: also one's own aim or object; one's own contemplated end; self-interest. 2 Inherent or real meaning; the true and just interpretation (of a sentence, speech, word &c.) 3 Same meaning, a pleonasm. 4 One's own property. 5 In modern Maraṭhi grammar. Indicative mood.

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svārtha (स्वार्थ).—a S In grammar. Pleonastic; i. e. having its own meaning (without addition or alteration). svārthīṃ As pleonastic or redundant.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svārtha (स्वार्थ).—m One's own profit; self-interest. Indicative mood. (In Grammar)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—a.

1) self-interested.

2) having its own or true meaning.

3) having one's own object or aim.

4) pleonastic. (-rthaḥ) 1 one's own interest, self-interest; सर्वः स्वार्थं समीहते (sarvaḥ svārthaṃ samīhate) Śi.2.65; स्वार्थात्सतां गुरुतरा प्रणयिक्रियैव (svārthātsatāṃ gurutarā praṇayikriyaiva) V. 4.15.

2) own or inherent meaning; स्वार्थे णिच्, स्वार्थे कप्रत्ययः (svārthe ṇic, svārthe kapratyayaḥ) &c.; परार्थव्यासङ्गादुपजहदथ स्वार्थपरताम् (parārthavyāsaṅgādupajahadatha svārthaparatām) Bv.1.79 (where both senses are intended).

3) = पुरुषार्थः (puruṣārthaḥ) q. v.; Bhāg.12.2.6. °अनुमानम् (anumānam) inference for oneself, a kind of inductive reasoning, one of the two main kinds of अनुमान (anumāna), the other being परार्थानुमान (parārthānumāna). °पण्डित (paṇḍita) a.

1) clever in one's own affairs.

2) expert in attending to one's own interests. °पर, °परायण (para, °parāyaṇa) a. intent on securing one's own interests, selfish; परार्थानुष्ठाने जडयति नृपं स्वार्थपरता (parārthānuṣṭhāne jaḍayati nṛpaṃ svārthaparatā) Mu.3.4. °विघातः (vighātaḥ) frustration of one's object. °सिद्धिः (siddhiḥ) f. fulfilment of one's own object.

Svārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and artha (अर्थ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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