Svartha, Svārtha, Sva-artha: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Svartha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swarth.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—Ones own sense possessed by a word, such as जाति, गुण, क्रिया (jāti, guṇa, kriyā) or सँज्ञा (saṃjñā) which is called प्रवृत्तिनिमित्त (pravṛttinimitta) in the case of nouns, and क्रिया (kriyā) in the case of verbs; cf. also आनिर्दिष्टार्थाः प्रत्ययाः स्वार्थे भवान्ति (ānirdiṣṭārthāḥ pratyayāḥ svārthe bhavānti) M. Bh. on P. III. 2. 4 Vart. 2.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svartha in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Svārtha (स्वार्थ, “for oneself”) or Svārthānumāna refers to one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means [inference] which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that [inference] which is for another. In the first case, a person himself infers something after perceiving the liṅga and remembering its concomitance with the sāddhya. Here the person reaches to the conclusion only for himself.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) refers to “self-interest” which Śiva lacks when pursuing his “activities”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.16. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On hearing these words of mine—of Brahmā—in the presence of Viṣṇu, Śiva, the lord of worlds spoke to me with his face beaming with a smile: [...] None of my activities is pursued with self-interest (svārtha). Yet I shall carry out what you have suggested for the benefit of the universe. Considering your weighty words for the fulfilment of my promise and the goal of my task, I shall marry. I am always subservient to my devotees”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) or Svārthadīkṣā refers to a type of initiation (into Pāñcarātra) discussed in the twenty-first chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [dīkṣā-vidhi]: [...] “Svārtha-dīkṣā” and “parārtha-dīkṣā” are specifically mentioned as being for those who worship privately in the home and for those who worship publicly on behalf of others in temples respectively-the latter being as the sun is to a small lamp (505-510). Those descended from Śāṇḍilya are eligible for both “svārtha-dīkṣā” and “parārtha-dīkṣā”; all others may have only “svārtha-dīkṣā” and thus may not do temple-pūjā (511-558).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) refers to “(realizing) one’s own personal benefit”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 40).—Accordingly, “[Question].—The ten powers are knowledges and the four fearlessnesses (vaiśāradya) are also knowledges. What are the similarities and the differences? [Answer].—When the qualities of the Buddha are explained at length, this is bala; when they explained in brief, this is vaiśāradya. [...] Realizing one’s own personal (svārtha) benefit is bala; realizing the benefit of others (parārtha) is vaiśāradya. Destroying one’s own disturbing emotions is bala; destroying the disturbing emotions of others is vaiśāradya. Not wasting away is bala; being without difficulty or decline is vaiśāradya. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) refers to “one’s own benefit”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit (svārthayena svārtham apāsya), you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

Synonyms: Ātmahita.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) in Sanskrit refers to “one’s own interest”, according to the Savārathapacīsī (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Savārathapacīsī was composed in VS 1858 (see above and some Koba manuscripts, but other dates are mentioned in other manuscripts) in Bhānpur (Rajasthan). [...] Savāratha or sūvāratha are vernacular forms for Sanskrit svārtha, ‘one’s own interest’.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svārtha (स्वार्थ).—m (S sva & artha) One's own profit or advantage: also one's own aim or object; one's own contemplated end; self-interest. 2 Inherent or real meaning; the true and just interpretation (of a sentence, speech, word &c.) 3 Same meaning, a pleonasm. 4 One's own property. 5 In modern Maraṭhi grammar. Indicative mood.

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svārtha (स्वार्थ).—a S In grammar. Pleonastic; i. e. having its own meaning (without addition or alteration). svārthīṃ As pleonastic or redundant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svārtha (स्वार्थ).—m One's own profit; self-interest. Indicative mood. (In Grammar)

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—a.

1) self-interested.

2) having its own or true meaning.

3) having one's own object or aim.

4) pleonastic. (-rthaḥ) 1 one's own interest, self-interest; सर्वः स्वार्थं समीहते (sarvaḥ svārthaṃ samīhate) Śiśupālavadha 2.65; स्वार्थात्सतां गुरुतरा प्रणयिक्रियैव (svārthātsatāṃ gurutarā praṇayikriyaiva) V. 4.15.

2) own or inherent meaning; स्वार्थे णिच्, स्वार्थे कप्रत्ययः (svārthe ṇic, svārthe kapratyayaḥ) &c.; परार्थव्यासङ्गादुपजहदथ स्वार्थपरताम् (parārthavyāsaṅgādupajahadatha svārthaparatām) Bv.1.79 (where both senses are intended).

3) = पुरुषार्थः (puruṣārthaḥ) q. v.; Bhāgavata 12.2.6. °अनुमानम् (anumānam) inference for oneself, a kind of inductive reasoning, one of the two main kinds of अनुमान (anumāna), the other being परार्थानुमान (parārthānumāna). °पण्डित (paṇḍita) a.

1) clever in one's own affairs.

2) expert in attending to one's own interests. °पर, °परायण (para, °parāyaṇa) a. intent on securing one's own interests, selfish; परार्थानुष्ठाने जडयति नृपं स्वार्थपरता (parārthānuṣṭhāne jaḍayati nṛpaṃ svārthaparatā) Mu.3.4. °विघातः (vighātaḥ) frustration of one's object. °सिद्धिः (siddhiḥ) f. fulfilment of one's own object.

Svārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Pleonastic. 2. Having a plain or literal meaning, or similar force or sense. 3. Having one’s own object. n.

(-rthaṃ) 1. Property, substance. 2. Same effect or meaning, a pleonasm. 3. Own object or desire. m.

(-rthaḥ) 1. Self-interest. 2. Own meaning. E. sva own, and artha wealth or sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—I. adj. 1. having one’s own object. 2. having a literal meaning. 3. pleonastic. Ii. m. 1. property. 2. own object. 3. own interest, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 59.

Svārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svartha (स्वर्थ).—[adjective] pursuing the right aim.

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Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—1. [masculine] one’s own affair or cause, own or original meaning.

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Svārtha (स्वार्थ).—2. [adjective] relating to one’s own person, self-interested, egoistic; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svārtha (स्वार्थ):—[from sva] m. o°’s own affair or cause, personal matter or advantage, self-interest, o°’s own aim or object (also [plural]), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] o°’s own property or substance, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] own or original meaning, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Vedāntasāra; Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] similar meaning ([probably] for sārtha), a pleonasm, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] = liṅgārtha-viśeṣa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. directed to o°’s self egoistical (-tā f.), [Kumāra-sambhava; Tarkasaṃgraha] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. adapted to (its) purpose, [Caraka]

8) [v.s. ...] having one’s object, expressing (its) own inherent or true meaning, hav° a natural or literal meaning, hav° a similar m° (= sārtha), pleonastic, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) Svartha (स्वर्थ):—[=sv-artha] mf(ā)n. pursuing or serving worthy ends, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ):—[svā+rtha] (rthaṃ) 1. n. Property; object; a pleonasm. a. Pleonastic.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svartha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svārtha (स्वार्थ) [Also spelled swarth]:—(nm) selfishness; self-interest; ~[] selfishness; -[tyāga] self-denial; ~[tyāgī] selfless; ~[para/parāyaṇa] selfish, self-seeking; ~[paraka] selfish, self-seeking; ~[paratā/parāyaṇatā] selfishness; egoism; -[paramārtha/parārtha] personal good and universal good; -[lipsā] self-interestedness; ~[lipsu] self-seeking; self-interested; selfish; ~[vāda] egoism; ~[vādī] an egoist; egoistic; -[sādhaka] a self-seeker; -[sādhana(nā)] self-seeking; ~[siddhi] accomplishment of self-interest; ~[hīna] selfless; unselfish; ~[hīnatā] selflessness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svārtha (ಸ್ವಾರ್ಥ):—

1) [noun] advantage, profit, benefit one gets, seeks for oneself; one’s own welfare.

2) [noun] the tendency of seeking this (with little or without regard for otherś interest).

3) [noun] a meaning of its own.

4) [noun] gain or benefit (in gen.).

5) [noun] one’s own money.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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