Svaritakarana, Svaritakaraṇa: 1 definition

Introduction:

Svaritakarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Svaritakarana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svaritakaraṇa (स्वरितकरण).—Marking or characterizing by a svarita accent, as is supposed to have been done by Panini when he wrote down his sutras of grammar as also the Dhatupatha, the Ganapatha and other subsidiary appendixes. Although the rules of the Astadhyayi are not recited at present with the proper accents possessed by the various vowels as given by the Sutrakara, still, by convention and traditional explanation, certain words are to be believed as| possessed of certain accents. In the Dhatupatha, by oral tradition the accents of the several roots are known by the phrases अथ स्वरितेतः, अथाद्युदाताः, अथान्तेदात्ताः, अथानुदात्तेतः (atha svaritetaḥ, athādyudātāḥ, athāntedāttāḥ, athānudāttetaḥ) put therein at different places. In the sutras, a major purpose is served by the circumflex accent with which such words, as are to continue to the next or next few or next many rules, have been marked. As the oral tradition, according to which the Sutras are recited at present, has preserevd no acc52 ents, it is only the authoritative word, described as pratijna of the ancient grammarians, which now is available for knowing the svarita. The same holds good in the case of nasalization (आनुनासिक्य (ānunāsikya)) which is used as a factor for determining the indicatory nature of vowels as stated by the rule उपदेशेजनुनासिक इत् (upadeśejanunāsika it); cf. प्रतिज्ञानुनासिक्याः पाणिनीयाः (pratijñānunāsikyāḥ pāṇinīyāḥ) S. K. on P. I.3.2.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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