Svarajya, Sva-rajya, Svarājya, Svārājya: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Svarajya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swarajy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svarajya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svarājya (स्वराज्य) refers to “one’s own kingdom”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Vajrāṅga said to Brahmā: “In order to achieve his interest, Indra killed the foetus of my mother. He has now tasted the fruit thereof. Well may he rule over his kingdom [i.e., svarājya]. O Brahmā, I did this only at the bidding of my mother. I have no desire for the enjoyments of any one of the worlds. O Brahmā, foremost of those who know the Vedas, tell me the essence of real philosophy whereby I can ever remain happy, pleased in heart and free from aberrations. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य) refers to “sovereignty” and is used to describe Goddess Nityā, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her foot-rest is illuminated by the rays of jewels on the forehead of the king of gods and other gods as they bow in devotion [to her feet]. She has roving, wide eyes, and she bestows as boons the sovereignty (svārājya) [of Indra] and status [equal to] Vaiśravaṇa, lord of riches, and still more, which she creates in fleeting acts of amusement. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svarājya (स्वराज्य).—n (S Own rule or dominion.) A term applied to certain of the districts possessed by the Maraṭhas; and also to the cautha levied by the Maraṭhas in certain of the Mogul districts. See cautha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svarājya (स्वराज्य).—n Own rule or dominion, self- government. Political freedom.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य).—

1) The dominion of heaven, Indra's heaven; न वयं साध्वि साम्राज्यं स्वाराज्यं भोज्यमप्युत (na vayaṃ sādhvi sāmrājyaṃ svārājyaṃ bhojyamapyuta) Bhāgavata 1.83.41; Ait. Br.

2) Identification with the self-refulgent (Brahman) (brahmatva); समं पश्यन्नात्मयाजी स्वाराज्यमधिगच्छति (samaṃ paśyannātmayājī svārājyamadhigacchati) Manusmṛti 12.91; Bhāgavata 7.15.45.

Derivable forms: svārājyam (स्वाराज्यम्).

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Svarājya (स्वराज्य).—

1) independent dominion or sovereignty.

2) own kingdom.

Derivable forms: svarājyam (स्वराज्यम्).

Svarājya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and rājya (राज्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य).—n.

(-jyaṃ) 1. Final felicity, union with Brahma. 2. Indra'S heaven. E. svarāj, and ṣyañ aff.; or svārāj and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य).—n., i. e. I. sva-rāj + ya, The state of Brahman, union with Brahman, final felicity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 91. Ii. svārāj + ya, Indra's heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarājya (स्वराज्य).—[neuter] independent dominion, also = seq.

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Svārājya (स्वाराज्य).—[neuter] self-sovereignty, unlimited dominion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svarājya (स्वराज्य):—[=sva-rājya] [from sva] n. independent dominion or sovereignty, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] own dominion or kingdom, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] (with indrasya) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

4) Svārājya (स्वाराज्य):—n. ([from] sva-rāj) independent rule, uncontrolled dominion, sovereignty ([according to] to some ‘Indra’s heaven’, [from] 2. svā-rāj; also indrasya svārājyam Name of a Sāman), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

5) union with Brahma, identification with the self-refulgent, state of self-effulgence, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) mfn. procuring sovereignty or heaven, [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य):—(jyaṃ) 1. n. Final bliss; Indra's heaven.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svārājya (स्वाराज्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sārajja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svarajya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svarajya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svarājya (स्वराज्य) [Also spelled swarajy]:—(nm) independence; autonomy; home-rule, self-government.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svarājya (ಸ್ವರಾಜ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] freedom from the influence, control or determination of another or others; independence.

2) [noun] an independent state.

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Svārājya (ಸ್ವಾರಾಜ್ಯ):—[noun] the kingdom of gods; the heaven.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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