Svadhina, Svādhīna, Sva-adhina: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Svadhina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swadhin.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—a (S sva & adhīna) Subject to himself; that is his own master; absolute, free, independent. 2 Used as prep (The power of sva being forgotten, the adjective svādhīna being used for the noun svādhīnatā, and an ellipsis being understood of svādhīna for svādhīnatēnta. Thus svādhīna for adhīna- tēnta) Under; at the control or command of; in the state of subjection unto. Ex. mī āpalē bāpācē svādhīna āhēṃ; prādhāna rājācē svādhīna asatō āṇi sārīñca manuṣyēṃ kōṇhī tarīṃ asōta āpaāpalyā dhanyācē svādhīna āhēta. 3 In the custody or keeping of; under the charge or care of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—a Subject to himself. prep Under the charge of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—a.

1) dependent on oneself, self-dependent.

2) independent.

3) one's own subject.

4) in one's own power; स्वाधीना वचनीयतापि हि वरं बद्धो न सेवाञ्जलिः (svādhīnā vacanīyatāpi hi varaṃ baddho na sevāñjaliḥ) Mk.3. 11. °कुशल (kuśala) a. having prosperity in one's own power; स्वाधीनकुशलाः सिद्धिमन्तः (svādhīnakuśalāḥ siddhimantaḥ) Ś.4. ° पतिका, °भर्तृका (patikā, °bhartṛkā) a woman who has full control over her husband, one whose husband is subject to her; अथ सा निर्गताबाधा राधा स्वाधीनभर्तृका । निजगाद रतिक्लान्तं कान्तं मण्डनवाञ्छया (atha sā nirgatābādhā rādhā svādhīnabhartṛkā | nijagāda ratiklāntaṃ kāntaṃ maṇḍanavāñchayā) Gīt.12; see S. D.112. et seq.

Svādhīna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and adhīna (अधीन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Independent, uncontrolled. 2. One's own dependent. E. sva self, adhīna dependent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन).—[adjective] self-dependent, free; under one’s own control, subject to one’s own will. Abstr. [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svādhīna (स्वाधीन):—[from sva] a mf(ā)n. dependent on one’s self, independent, free, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] being in o°’s own power or control, being at o°’s own disposal, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) b svādhyāya etc. See p. 1277, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन):—[svā+dhīna] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Independent.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन):—(sva + a) adj. (f. ā)

1) der nur von sich abhängt, frei, unabhängig [Harivaṃśa 11298.] a [Spr. (II) 564.] —

2) worüber oder über wen man selbst verfügen kann, in der Gewalt oder im Besitz der eigenen Person stehend [Mahābhārata 5, 1422. fg. 6, 5806. 12, 2640. 2656.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 30, 33.] yauvanā [Dhūrtasamāgama 90, 15.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 18, 19.] svādhīnā vacanīyatāpi hi varaṃ baddho na sevāñjaliḥ [46, 23.] kuśalāḥ siddhimantaḥ [Śākuntala 64, 23.] [Spr. (II) 538, v. l. 5572. 6052. 6789. 6808. 7338.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 193. 22, 75. 31, 91. 37, 94. 54, 22. 74, 60. 91, 34. 103, 71. 104, 61. 118, 121.] [Hitopadeśa ed. JOHNS. 2588. fg.] patikā [PRATĀPAR.5,b,2.] [Oxforder Handschriften 129,b,20.] bhartṛkā [Sāhityadarpana 112. fg.] a [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 30, 33.] [Spr. (II) 3720.] — Vgl. svāyatta .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svadhina in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svādhīna (स्वाधीन) [Also spelled swadhin]:—(a) free, independent, sui juris; ~[] freedom, independence, liberty; ~[patikā] absolute mistress; —[karanā] to liberate, to make free.

context information

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