Svacchanda: 8 definitions



Svacchanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Svachchhanda.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Asitāṅga, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Asitāṅga) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Svacchanda), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Svacchanda according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Asitāṅga) with golden complexion and having good looking limbs; he should carry the triśūla, the ḍamaru, the pāśa and the khaḍga. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svacchanda in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra  verse 1.5-7.—“At a previous time, when Pārvatī asked him, Śaṅkara told of the attainments of vidyā in the wide worldly life, in various ways. I observed each teaching taught also by the troops of Gods, Siddhas (those who have attained supernatural power), Munis (saints), Deśikas (spiritual teachers), and Sādhakas (tantric practicioners). They are [, for example]: Svacchanda... I shall carefully extract all the above-mentioned āgamas, which are transmitted from mouth to mouth, like butter extracted from coagulated milk”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svacchanda in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svacchanda (स्वच्छंद).—m (S) One's own will or fancy. The implication in the several uses of this word is, that this will is wayward or devious. Mostly used in the oblique cases. Ex. tyācē svacchandāsa ālēṃ tara tō karīla dusaṛyācē sāṅgaṇyānēṃ karāyācā nāhīṃ. 2 It is also used both as a & ad. Ex. kāya tō gulāma svacchanda tyāsīṃ bōlūñca nayē; hā alīkaḍē svacchanda vāgūṃ lāgalā; i.e. wilful, heady, set upon following his own inclination; or wilfully, headlong, perversely &c. The Maraṭhi pronoun āpalā, although the pleonasm is in no measure elegant, is constantly used and by all classes of speakers both with this compound of sva and with numerous others. (See svanāma,svabhāva, svarupa, svahita &c.) Ex. hā ātāṃ āpalyāca svacchandānēṃ vāgūṃ lāgalā lavakara nāśa pāvēla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svacchanda (स्वच्छंद).—m One's own will or fancy. a, ad Wilful, headlong.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svacchanda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) 1. Unrestrained, uncontrolled, self-willed. 2. Spontaneous. 2. Uncultivated. m.

(-ndaḥ) Own fancy, own choice, independence. E. sva own, and chanda inclination; also svacchandaka mfn.


Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द).—1. [masculine] one’s own will or choice, independence; °— & tas at will, spontaneously, freely.

--- OR ---

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द).—2. [adjective] independent, spontaneous, free, [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द):—[=sva-cchanda] [from sva] a m. o°’s own or free will, o°’s own choice of fancy ([in the beginning of a compound], dāt, dena, or da-tas, ‘at o°’s own will or pleasure’, ‘spontaneously’, ‘independently’, ‘freely’), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

3) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. following o°’s own will, acting at pleasure, independent, uncontrolled, spontaneous (am ind.), [Yājñavalkya; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. uncultivated, wild, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Skanda, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

6) [=sva-cchanda] b etc. See p. 1275, col. 2.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svacchanda (स्वच्छन्द):—

1) m. eigener —, freier Wille: svacchando tra vidhīyatām [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 39, 11.] svacchande na vayaṃ sthitāḥ [34, 28.] svacchandena nach eigenem Gefallen, aus eigenem Antriebe [CŪLIKOP.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 13.] [Harivaṃśa 7017.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 40, 11.] svacchandāt dass. [Mahābhārata 9, 3347.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 34 (33 Gorresio). 3, 48, 4.] svacchandatas dass. [Mahābhārata 13, 7793.] —

2) adj. (f. ā) seinem eigenen Willen folgend, nach eigenem Gutdünken verfahrend [Amarakoṣa 3, 1, 15. 16] (a). [3, 4, 25, 194.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 355.] [Halāyudha 2, 224. 5, 47.] [Spr. (II) 3808.] [AṢṬĀV. 18, 21.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 24, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 184.] yaśas (als belebt gedacht) [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 253.] vom eigenen Willen abhängig, unbeschränkt: bhramaṇa [Spr. (II) 578. 5539.] śakti [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 24, 33. 25, 3. 8, 6, 26.] [KUSUM. 42, 8.] —

3) m adv. nach eigenem Gefallen, aus eigenem Antriebe [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 234.] [Spr. (II) 3808, v. l. 5850. 7170.] [AṢṬĀV. 18, 85.] [Gītagovinda 1, 46.] [Chandomañjarī 69.] —

4) am Anfange eines comp. = svacchandena oder svacchandam. pathagā gaṅgā [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 36, 17 (37, 18 Gorresio).] maraṇa [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 67, 11.] cara [35, 26.] cārin [Spr. (II) 57. 4381.] [AṢṬĀV. 14, 4.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 252. fg.] svacchandācaraṇa [DAŚAR. 4, 31] [?= Sāhityadarpana 199.] hārin [PAÑCAR. 4, 8, 78.] vanajātena śākena von selbst im Walde gewachsen [Spr. (II) 7271.] —

5) Titel eines Werkes [HALL 197. fg.] — Vgl. svācchandya

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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