Svabija, Svabīja, Sva-bija: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Svabija means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svabīja (स्वबीज) refers to “one’s own seed”, according to the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, as the God says to the Goddess: “O beloved, my seed (svabīja) to which I referred (previously) was initially in the Sky without support, that is, in the supreme, unmanifest, and imperishable Void, held (there), O supreme mistress, by the unmanifest Wind. O you who are born of Akula, an (incarnate) aspect of myself will come into being there. His Śakti will be very powerful and possess his same nature. The manifestation of his descent (into the world) was told to you before. O goddess, the manifestation of Vṛkṣanātha will come forth from that. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Svabīja (स्वबीज) refers to “one’s own seed”, according to the Kalaśa Pūjā [i.e., Kalasha Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “By transformation of the sign of one's own seed (sva-svabīja-cihna-pariṇāma), Reflected upon the circle of one's own divinities. A victorious heart, with a curved mouth, the honorable knowledge being, Beheld in the front, having first prepared holy water for the feet, offer it”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svabīja (स्वबीज).—the soul.

Derivable forms: svabījaḥ (स्वबीजः).

Svabīja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and bīja (बीज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svabīja (स्वबीज):—[=sva-bīja] [from sva] n. o°’s own seed or cause, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the soul, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Svabija in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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