Svabhavika, Svābhāvikā, Sva-bhavika, Svābhāvika: 18 definitions


Svabhavika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swabhavik.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1a) Svābhāvikā (स्वाभाविका, “natural”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the nose (nāsā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

1b) Svābhāvikā also refers to a specific “color of the face” which form part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. According to its instructions, this facial color should be use when “in a natural and indifferent (mood)”. (Instructions): lobes in the natural nose. (Uses): in the remaining conditions.

1c) Svābhāvikā (स्वाभाविका, “natural”) refers to the “natural grace” of women, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. It is also known ny the name Svabhāvaja or Sahaja. The natural grace is one of the three aspects of ‘graces’ (alaṃkāra) which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama. These terms are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

There are ten ‘natural graces’ of women (svābhāvika) defined:

  1. līlā (sportive mimicry),
  2. vilāsa (amorous gesture),
  3. vicchitti (dishabille),
  4. vibhrama (confusion),
  5. kilakiñcita (hysterical mood),
  6. moṭṭāyita (manifestation of affection),
  7. kuṭṭamita (pretended anger),
  8. bibboka (affected coldness),
  9. lalita (lolling),
  10. vihṛta (want of response),
Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक) or Svābhāvikagati refers to one of the various Gatis (“way of walking”) (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The word svābhāvika means natural. So, the term svābhāvika-gati denotes natural gait. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, in natural gait the knees are lifted up to waist.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक, “natural”) refers to a type of saṃyoga (lit. ‘contact’), a relation between prakṛti and puruṣa.—The contact produced by the innate (or natural) relation between two entities is called svābhāvika-saṃyoga. For example, the contact produced between the fire and its heat.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—Natural, unartificial; the word is used frequently in connection with the capacity of denotation which words naturally possess; cf. अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम् (abhidhānaṃ punaḥ svābhāvikam) P. I. 2.64 Vart. 36.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक) refers to the “natural dress and features (of Śiva)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.39 (“The gods arrive at Kailāsa”).—Accordingly, as the guests arrived for Śiva’s marriage: “[...] The seven Mothers performed the rites of bedecking Śiva in a fitting manner very joyously. Even the very natural dress and features (svābhāvika) of Śiva assumed the work of ornamentation, O excellent sage, at the will of lord Siva. The moon took the place of the crown. The third eye became the beautiful ornament on the forehead. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक) is the name for a popular Buddhist sect in Nepal and China.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svabhāvika (स्वभाविक) [or वीक, vīka].—a (Common corruption of svābhā- vika) Natural or native; pertaining naturally and essentially. 2 Used as ad Simply, merely, carelessly, inadvertently; without any particular purpose or thought: also of itself or its own accord; as a matter of course; without any effort, working, or act from an external cause.

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svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—a (S svabhāva) Natural, native, proper; pertaining naturally, constitutionally, or essentially. 2 Used as ad Simply, spontaneously, of itself or its own accord, without any apparent cause: also idly, merely, carelessly, unwittingly, without advertence of mind or any particular purpose proposed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svabhāvika (स्वभाविक) [-vīka, -वीक].—a Natural. ad Simply.

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svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—a Natural. ad Simply.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—a. (- f.) [स्वभावादागतः ढञ् (svabhāvādāgataḥ ḍhañ)] Belonging to one's own nature, innate, inherent, peculiar, natural; स्वाभाविकं विनीतत्वं तेषां विनयकर्मणा । मुमूर्च्छ सहजं तेजो हविषेव हविर्भुजाम् (svābhāvikaṃ vinītatvaṃ teṣāṃ vinayakarmaṇā | mumūrccha sahajaṃ tejo haviṣeva havirbhujām) R.1.79;5.69; Kumārasambhava 6.71.

-kāḥ m. pl. A sect of Buddhists who accounted for all things by the laws of nature.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Natural, peculiar, inherent. m. Plu.

(-kāḥ) A sect of Bud'dhists who accounted for all things by the law of nature. E. svabhāva natural property or nature, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—i. e. sva-bhāva + ika, adj. Being by one’s own nature, inherent, natural, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 46; [Pañcatantra] 66, 10; 110, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक).—[feminine] ī belonging to one’s own nature, natural, peculiar, inherent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] svabhāva) belonging to or arising from one’s own nature, natural, native, spontaneous, original, peculiar, inherent (-tva n.), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata etc.]

2) m. [plural] Name of a Buddhistic school (cf. Buddhac. ix, 48; 51).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Natural, peculiar, inherent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāhāvia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svabhavika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svābhāvika (स्वाभाविक) [Also spelled swabhavik]:—(a) natural; innate, inherent, inborn; ~[] naturality, inartificiality.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svabhavika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svābhāvika (ಸ್ವಾಭಾವಿಕ):—

1) [adjective] present by virtue of nature; innate; not acquired; natural.

2) [adjective] having certain qualities, abilities, etc. innately; natural.

3) [adjective] normal or usual; in the ordinary course of events; natural.

4) [adjective] customarily expected or accepted; natural.

5) [adjective] free from affectation or artificiality.

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Svābhāvika (ಸ್ವಾಭಾವಿಕ):—[noun] that which is natural.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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