Suyamuna, Suyāmuna, Su-yamuna: 7 definitions



Suyamuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Suyamuna in Kavya glossary
Source: A Textual and Intertextual Study of the Mudrārākṣasa

Suyāmuna is mentioned in the Kaumudīmahotsava, another drama that resembles the Mudrārākṣasa in some aspects (and may be connected to the Maukhari dynasty).—Suyāmuna appears in a monologue of the hero early on in the first act. The prince is trying to work up his spirits, and recalls that by heroic deeds even King Udayana regained the city of Kauśāmbī and the Suyāmuna (presumably, but not explicitly identified as, a palace in that city) after he was imprisoned by King Pradyota. This statement looks like it might allude to a Bṛhatkathā version or to one of Bhāsa’s Udayana plays.

The name Suyāmuna appears in at least one later version of the Bṛhatkathā story as well as (probably) in the Svapnavāsavadatta. In both cases it seems to mean a palace in Kauśāmbī. If Kauśāmbī, on the river Yamunā, had (or was believed to have had) a palace called Suyāmuna, then by the same logic Pāṭaliputra, on the Gaṅgā, may well have had (or been believed to have had) one named Sugāṅga. And this means that Viśākhadatta’s audience did not necessarily have to know the name of the royal palace in Pāṭaliputra, only to be familiar with the convention (either factual or fictional) of naming palaces by a template of the prefix su and a vṛddhi derivative of the local river’s name.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suyamuna in Purana glossary
Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Suyāmuna (सुयामुन) is the name of a mountain (parvata) mentioned in the Harivaṃśa-Purāṇa 2.28.67ff.—Accordingly, “His [Drumila’s] plane (ratha), which moved at will, like was shining like the rising sun of the dawn (ādityavarcas). In order to enjoy the beauty of the Suyāmuna mountain (parvata) he suddenly descended over that mountain. The Dānava, who roamed in the sky by the plane which could move with the speed faster then the mind, reached over the Suyāmuna mountain. He halted the chariot (ratha) which could destroy the enemy chariots, in an orchard (upavana) over the mountain, he started wandering over the mountain with the pilot (sūta) of the plane. Both of them visited several of the gardens as well as the forests. The orchards there resembled the Nandanavana and had the qualities of all the seasons”.

A more vivid description of Suyāmuna is found in verses 71-75: “both of them [Drumila and his pilot] walked through the mountain caves, the peaks and over river banks. Several of the high peaks of the mountain [Suyāmuna] had a number of metals in them. They looked graceful with many of the gems found in them. Both of them found that several peaks of the mountains appeared like gold, silver and collyrium. The fragrance of various types of flowers was spread in the air. Several species of creations (birds and animals) lived there. Several species of birds issued sweet notes from the mountain tops, which created huge noise. Several types of trees blossoming with flowers were growing there. The Ṛṣis and the Siddhas lived over the mountains peaks where many types of Oṣadhis and greenery were growing. The Vidyādharas, Kinnaras (Kimpuruṣas), bears (Ṛkṣas), monkeys (Vānaras), Rākṣasas, lions (Siṃhas), tigers (Vyāghras), boars (Varāhas), he- buffaloes (Mahiṣas), hares, wild animals (Sṛmaras[?]), spotted cows (Camaras), stags (Nyaṅkus), elephants (Mātaṅgas), Yakṣas, demons (Rākṣasas), and creatures of several types (bahuvidha) were witnessed by him. The Dānava then kept on wandering over the mountain [Suyāmuna]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suyāmuna (सुयामुन).—

1) Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Name of Vatsarāja.

3) A palace.

4) Name of a mountain.

5) Name of a cloud.

Derivable forms: suyāmunaḥ (सुयामुनः).

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Suyāmuna (सुयामुन).—

1) a palace.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: suyāmunaḥ (सुयामुनः).

Suyāmuna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and yāmuna (यामुन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suyāmuna (सुयामुन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu. 2. A prince, sovereign of Kośambi; also named Vatsa-Raj. 3. A palace. 4. A mountain. E. su well, yamunā the river, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suyāmuna (सुयामुन):—[=su-yāmuna] [from su > su-yaj] m. a palace, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king (= vatsa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Harivaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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