Suvarcala, Suvarcalā, Su-varcala: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Suvarcala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Suvarchala.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला):—The consort of Bhava (one of the eight names of Rudra) according to the Pādma-purāṇa. According to the Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa, he simply goes by the name of Cara.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Suvarcala (सुवर्चल, “resplendent, illumination”):—One of the four wifes of Sūrya (the personification of the Sun), according to the Pāñcarātra literature. The Sun is the direct manifestation of Brahman (the absolute) and is worshipped by all Hindus.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Suvarcala in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला) is another name for Ādityabhaktā, a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Helianthus annuus Linn. or “common sunflower” from the Asteraceae or “daisy” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.179-181 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Suvarcalā and Ādityabhaktā, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Brāhmī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.63-66. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Suvarcalā and Brāhmī, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra identifies Brāhmī with 1) Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban. while Bāpālāl and Th. B.S. et al identify it with 2) Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला) is a Sanskrit word [probably] referring to Helianthus annuus (common sunflower), from the Malvaceae family. Certain plant parts of Asteraceae are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

2) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला) is another name (synonym) for Ajagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. Ajagandhā is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is classified as a vegetable (śāka) by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work.

Suvarcalā was identified as a synonym for Ajagandhā in the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th-century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suvarcala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला).—Daughter of the maharṣi called Devala. Śvetaketu (son of a sage) married her and the couple attained salvation by performing the duties of the householder. (Mahābhārata Southern Text, Śānti Parva, Chapter 220).

2) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला).—A wife of Sūrya. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 146, Verse 5).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला).—A wife of Parameṣṭhi and mother of Pratīha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 3.

1b) (Arcalā?, Savālā?): wife of Pratīha and mother of Pratiharta and two other sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 5.

1c) A consort of the Sun god.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suvarcala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला).—

1) Name of the wife of the sun; तं चाहमनुवर्तिष्ये यथा सूर्यं सुवर्चला (taṃ cāhamanuvartiṣye yathā sūryaṃ suvarcalā) Rām.2.3.3.

2) linseed.

Suvarcalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and varcalā (वर्चला).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvarcala (सुवर्चल).—[su-varc + ala], I. m. A country so named. Ii. f. . 1. The wife of the sun. 2. Linseed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suvarcala (सुवर्चल):—[=su-varcala] [from su > su-yaj] m. Name of a country, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) Suvarcalā (सुवर्चला):—[=su-varcalā] [from su-varcala > su > su-yaj] f. Ruta Graveolens, [Vasiṣṭha; Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] linseed, Linum Usitatissimum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] hemp, Polanisia Icosandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] = tri-saṃdhyā, [Kauśika-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of the Sun, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of Śiva (as a manifestation of the Sun), [Purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Parameṣṭhin and mother of Pratīha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Pratīha, [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Suvarcala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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