Sutapas, Su-tapas: 8 definitions


Sutapas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A King of the dynasty of Bharata. He was the son of Homa and the father of Bala. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

2) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A Prajāpati who lived in days of yore. A son named Pṛśnigarbha was born to this Prajāpati by his wife Pṛśnī. That son was a partial incarnation of Mahāviṣṇu. (For further details see under Aditi Para 7).

3) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A son of Vasiṣṭha. Seven sons named Rajas, Gotra, Ūrdhvabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapas and Śukra, were born by his wife Ūrjjā. All the seven of them were the Saptarṣis (seven hermits) of the third Manvantara. (See under Manvantara).

4) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—Father of the hermit Upamanyn. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

5) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A hermit of the family of Bhṛgu. (See under Ugratapas).

6) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A hermit who was born in the dynasty of Bharadvāja. This hermit had two wives. A son named Kalyāṇamitra was born by Pitṛkanyakā, one of the two wives.

The glamour of the second wife of Sutapas attracted the sun, who raped her once and from this, the son Aśvinīsuta was born. On seeing that his wife was a harlot, Sutapas abandoned her with her son. Afterwards, at the instance of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the hermit received his wife and her son back. (Brahmavaivarta: 1: 11).

7) Sutapas (सुतपस्).—A hermit. This hermit once approached the princess Utpalāvatī and requested her for coition with him. The princess refused. Then he cursed her, to become an animal. Utpalāvatī begged for liberation from the curse. Sutapas felt pity for her and blessed her thus:—"A son named Lola will be born to you. He will become the Manu of Tāmasa Manvantara." (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 17).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sutapas (सुतपस्) refers to “(severe) penance”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Thus with ardour, the king of the demons [i.e., Tāraka] performed the severe penance [i.e., sutapaskaṣṭataraṃ tepe sutapassa] duly unbearable even to those who heard about it. O sage, in the process of such a penance, a huge mass of light shot up from his head and spread all round. It caused great havoc. All the worlds of the gods were well nigh consumed by it alone. O sage, all the celestial sages were hard hit and distressed. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sutapas (सुतपस्).—a.

1) one who practises austere penance; a वानप्रस्थ (vānaprastha); स्विष्टिः स्वधीतिः सुतपा लोकाञ्जयति यावतः (sviṣṭiḥ svadhītiḥ sutapā lokāñjayati yāvataḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.71.3.

2) having great heat. (-m.)

1) an ascetic, a devotee, hermit, an anchorite.

2) the sun. (-n.) an austere penance.

Sutapas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and tapas (तपस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sutapas (सुतपस्).—m.

(-pāḥ) 1. A hermit, an ascetic. 2. The sun. n.

(-paḥ) Severe penance. Adj. 1. One who practises severe penance. 2. Having great heat. E. su very, profoundly, tapas religious austerity, or tap to heat, asi Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sutapas (सुतपस्).—[adjective] heating, warming; practising great penance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sutapas (सुतपस्):—[=su-tapas] [from su > su-tanaya] mfn. very heating or warming, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] practising severe austerity, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an ascetic, hermit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a class of gods under the eighth Manu (cf. su-tapa), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of various Ṛṣis and their sons under various Manus, [Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of other persons, [Vīracarita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sutapas (सुतपस्):—[su-tapas] (paḥ) 5. m. A hermit; the sun.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sutapas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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