Susima, aka: Susīmā, Susīma, Sushima, Suśīma, Su-shima; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Susima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Suśīma can be transliterated into English as Susima or Sushima, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Susima. The Bodhisatta in the time of Atthadassi Buddha. He was a Mahasala brahmin of Campaka and became an ascetic of great power. He heard the Buddha preach at Sudassana and was converted. J.i.39; Bu.xv.9f.; BuA.180.

2. Susima. The Bodhisatta, son of the chaplain of the king of Benares. He later became king himself. See the Susima Jataka (No. 411).

3. Susima. A king of Benares. See the Susima Jataka (No, 163). He is identified with Ananda. J.ii.50.

4. Susima. A Devaputta. Once, when Ananda utters high praise of Sariputta, Susima, who is present, reflects on it and confirms all that Ananda has said. The retinue of Susima listen enraptured, waxing wondrous, in divers colour tones (even as a beautiful lustrous beryl stone of eight facets, well polished, when laid in an orange coloured cloth, shines, glows and blazes, etc.) (S.163f).

It is said (SA.i.98) that Susima had been a fellow celibate of Sariputta.

5. Susima. One of the thousand sons of Sakka. He was one of the deva generals in the fight with the Asuras, but he was lazy, and Sakka had to admonish him (S.i.217; SA.i.262). He is probably identical with Susima (4).

6. Susima. A Paribbajaka (skilled in the Vedangas, says Buddhaghosa, SA.ii.93) of Rajagaha. When the Buddhas fame spread and his gains increased, Susimas followers suggested that he should learn the Buddhas doctrine and preach it to the laity so that he and his followers, too, could reap some of the advantages.

Susima agreed, and sought, Ananda, who, with the Buddhas sanction, ordained him. In discussion with the monks who declared that they had obtained complete emancipation, etc., Susima discovered that all of them did not possess supernatural powers, but thought they had gained nibbana through insight. He thereupon sought the Buddha to have the matter explained. The Buddha asked him many questions, and made him realize the truth of their statement. Susima confessed his original purpose in joining the Order and asked for forgiveness (S.ii.119ff). He developed insight and became an arahant. SA.ii.96.

7. Susima. A brahmin of Takkasila and son of Sankha. He went to Benares and apprenticed himself to a teacher, who was his fathers friend and who taught him various things. But he was able to understand only the beginning and the middle, and not the end. He therefore consulted his teacher, who confessed that neither did he understand the end, and advised him to seek the Pacceka Buddhas who were living in Isipatana. Susima went there, entered the Order, and became a Pacceka Buddha. Soon afterwards he died, and Sankha, coming in search of his son, was told of what had happened. Sankha is identified with the Bodhisatta. DhA.iii.445f.; KhA.198f.

See Sankha Jataka (2).

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Mother of Sihabahu and Sihasivali.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Susīmā (सुसीमा) is the mother of Padmaprabha, the sixth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Susīmā is is Dhara according to Śvetāmbara but Dharaṇa according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suśīma (सुशीम).—a. cold, frigid.

-maḥ coldness

Suśīma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and śīma (शीम).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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