Sushila, Suśilā, Susila, Suśīlā, Shushila, Śuṣila, Su-shila: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sushila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Suśilā and Suśīlā and Śuṣila can be transliterated into English as Susila or Sushila or Shushila, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sushil.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suśīlā (सुशीला).—A daughter of the Gandharva named Suśīla. (See under Pramohinī).

2) Suśīla (सुशील).—A brahmin who got rich due to the observance of Navarātri-penance. He led a very hard life with many sons and was naturally thinking of means of making money and a noble brahmin taught him about the greatness Navarātri. Accordingly Suśīla observed for nine years the Navarātri-penance and at last Devī appeared before him and made him rich. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 3).

3) Suśīlā (सुशीला).—A Gandharva lady (See under Pramohinī).

4) Suśīlā (सुशीला).—A cow, the sister of Surabhi. She was the cow used in connection with sacrificial offerings made in the āśrama of the sage Jamadagni.

Jamadagni once got his wife Reṇukā killed by Paraśurāma. Though he brought her back to life as desired by Paraśurāma, Jamadagni felt deep sorrow for having got his wife killed. So, he went to Goloka and pleased Surabhi by his penance and she gave him Suśīlā, her sister. Jamadagni gave the cow (Suśīlā) to Reṇukā. It was this Suśīlā which later on Karttavīryajuna took away by force. (See under Jamadagni, Para 8). (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 61);

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Suśīlā (सुशीला).—A Devī; a daughter of the Madra king and a queen of Kṛṣṇa; highly chaste.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 47. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 234; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 4.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Suśīla (सुशील) is the name of the son of Śikhaṇḍin and grandson of Mahābhāgā and Pṛthu Vainya, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Vena was born to Aṅga and from Vena was born Pṛthu Vainya, who was a famous king in ancient times and for the welfare of mankind he milked the earth in the form of a cow. Mahābhāgā, the wife of Pṛthu gave birth to Śikhaṇḍin and Havirdhāna. Suśīla was born to Śikhaṇḍin, who worshipped Śvetāśvatara, the great devotee of Lord Śiva and Learnt the Pāśupata Yoga.

Accordingly, to chapter 27:—

“Suśīla, the grandson of king Pṛthu remained in celebacy and indifferent to worldly desires. Once he pondered over the two paths of pravṛtti and nivṛtti and following what path he would get liberation. With this thought in mind he went to the Dharmavana in the Himalayas. The place was resided by the Munis, Siddhas, Maharṣis worshipping Mahādeva. There the gods and demons also got Siddhi worshipping Śiva.

On the bank of the Ganges king Suśīla saw a great sage, Śvetāśvatara by name who was a great Pāśupata, free from passions and wearing Kaupina (tattered garment). He besmeared ashes (bhasma) all over his body and had the tripuṇḍra mark on his forehead. The king with folded hands prayed the ascetic to accept him as a disciple and the latter admitted him into the Pāśupata order and taught him Pāśupata Yoga. Thus Suśīla became a Pāśupata, did svādhyāya, became free from passions, besmeared his body with ashes and having controlled his senses he finally got liberation.”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Suśilā (सुशिला) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Suśīla (सुशील) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Suśīla] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sushila in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

susīla : (adj.) virtuous.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

suśīla (सुशील).—a (S) Of a good temper or disposition, well-disposed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

suśīla (सुशील).—a Of a good temper.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śuṣila (शुषिल).—Air, wind.

Derivable forms: śuṣilaḥ (शुषिलः).

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Suśīla (सुशील).—a. good-tempered, amiable. (-) 1 Name of the wife of Yama.

2) Name of one of the eight favourite wives of Kriṣṇa.

Suśīla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and śīla (शील).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suśila (सुशिल).—(su-śila), adj. (m.c. for °śila), of good behavior: °lā Lalitavistara 114.15 (verse).

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Suśīla (सुशील).—name of a śreṣṭhin's son: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuṣila (शुषिल).—m.

(-laḥ) Air wind. E. śuṣ to dry, kirac aff., and the semi-vowel changed to la.

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Suśīla (सुशील).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Well-disposed, of good temper or disposition. f.

(-lā) 1. The wife of Yama. 2. Name of one of Krishna'S eight favourite wives. E. su well, and śīla nature.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuṣila (शुषिल).—[śuṣ + ila], m. Wind.

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Suśīla (सुशील).—I. adj. 1. well disposed, of good disposition. 2. well made, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 74. Ii. f. , the wife of Yama.

Suśīla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and śīla (शील).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suśīla (सुशील).—[neuter] a good character; [adjective] of good character.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śuṣila (शुषिल):—[from śuṣ] m. air, wind, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 57 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Suśīla (सुशील):—[=su-śīla] [from su > su-śaṃsa] mfn. well-disposed, good-tempered, having an amiable disposition, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] tractable (as a cow), [Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] well conducted, well made, well shaped, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Kauṇḍinya, [Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of various kings, [Kāvya literature]

7) Suśīlā (सुशीला):—[=su-śīlā] [from su-śīla > su > su-śaṃsa] f. Name of a wife of Kṛṣṇa, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a female attending on Rādhā, [Pañcarātra]

9) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Yama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Hari-svāmin, [Catalogue(s)]

11) Suśīla (सुशील):—[=su-śīla] [from su > su-śaṃsa] n. good temper or disposition, [Mahābhārata; Pañcarātra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śuṣila (शुषिल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Air, wind.

2) Suśīla (सुशील):—[su-śīla] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Well-disposed. 1. f. Wife of Yama.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śuṣila (शुषिल):—(von 1. śuṣ) m. Wind [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 57.] Was bedeutet aber śuṣilayugalavarṇā (manu) [PAÑCAR. 3, 10,] [11]?

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Suśīla (सुशील):—1. n. eine gute Gemüthsart [Mahābhārata 3, 16900.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 1, 78.]

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Suśīla (सुशील):—2.

1) adj. (f. ā) von guter Gemüthsart [Mahābhārata 12, 8463.] [Spr. (II) 3270. 5273] (mit einer unbekannten Nebenbedeutung). [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 1, 17. 7, 12, 6.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 13, 18. 14, 106. 2, 3, 11.] eine Kuh [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 204.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Sohnes eines Kauṇḍinya [Hitopadeśa 123, 17.] — b) eines Fürsten [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 14, 576, 5.] von Cola [PĀDMOTTARAKH. 54] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ā Nomen proprium a) einer Gattin Kṛṣṇa’s [Harivaṃśa 6702.] [PĀDMOTTARAKH. 68 im Śabdakalpadruma] [PAÑCAR. 3, 7, 31. 15, 11.] — b) eines Wesens im Gefolge der Rādhā [PAÑCAR. 2, 4, 44.] — c) der Gattin Yama's [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.] — d) einer Tochter Harisvāmin’s [Oxforder Handschriften 70,a,8.] — Vgl. sauśīlya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sushila in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Suśīla (सुशील) [Also spelled sushil]:—(a) courteous, suave; modest; ~[latā] courteousness, suavity; modesty; hence ~[] feminine form of ~[la].

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