Suryavarta, Surya-avarta, Sūryāvarta, Sūryāvartā: 14 definitions
Suryavarta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Sūryāvartā (सूर्यावर्ता).—Name of a river originating from the top of the mountain in the middle of Sūryadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Sūryadvīpa is the name of a celestial region (dvīpa) situated to the north of Kuruvarṣa.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त) refers to “migraine” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning sūryāvarta] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त) or Sūryāvartarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, Hikkā: hiccough and Śvāsa: asthma). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., sūryāvarta-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त) refers to the “(clockwise) rotation of the sun”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “(The goddess) is the emanation (sṛṣti) of all the elements (bhūta). She creates the universe. Residing in the middle of the wheel (of energies) or participating in the (clockwise) rotation of the sun [i.e., sūryāvarta-gata], she bestows worldly enjoyment. Established in the lunar nature, she bestows liberation and is called the New Moon. [...]”
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त) refers to the “turning of the sun”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (22) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Being endowed with shooting star’ they will overcome all habitual tendencies; (23) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Sunshine’, there will be no darkness; (24) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Turning of the sun’ (sūryāvarta), they will look at the thoughts of all living beings; [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त) or Sūryāvartapura is the name of an ancient city, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as Nirvāṇasaṅgama said to Indra (son of Sahasrāra): “In the past there was a Vidyādhara-chief in the beautiful Ariñjayapura, named Jvalanasiṃha. His wife was named Vegavatī. They had a beautiful daughter, Ahilyā, and all the Vidyādhara-lords came to her svayaṃvara. Ānandamālin, lord of Candrāvartapura, came there and Taḍitprabha, lord of Sūryāvartapura, who was you. Ignoring you, though you had come together, Ahilyā chose Ānandamālin of her own accord and you were humiliated. From that time you were jealous of Ānandamālin, thinking, ‘He married Ahilyā, though I was present’. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Suryavarta [सुर्यवर्त] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Chrozophora rottleri (Geiseler) Spreng. from the Euphorbiaceae (Castor) family having the following synonyms: Croton rottleri. For the possible medicinal usage of suryavarta, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Suryavarta in India is the name of a plant defined with Chrozophora plicata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Croton hastatus Burm.f., nom. illeg. (among others).
2) Suryavarta is also identified with Chrozophora rottleri It has the synonym Chrozophora rottleri A. Juss. (etc.).
3) Suryavarta is also identified with Heliotropium indicum It has the synonym Eliopia riparia Raf. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1912)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1826)
· Taxon (2004)
· Etude Générale du Groupe de Euphorbiacées (1858)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1768)
· Bombay Fl. (1861)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Suryavarta, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a kind of sun-flower.
2) a head-ache which increases or diminishes according to the course of the sun (Mar. ardhaśiśī).
Derivable forms: sūryāvartaḥ (सूर्यावर्तः).
Sūryāvarta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and āvarta (आवर्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त).—name of a samādhi: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 424.8.
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Sūryāvartā (सूर्यावर्ता).—name of a lokadhātu in the north: Lalitavistara 292.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त).—m. 1. a plant, Cleome viscosa. 2. a sun-flower.
Sūryāvarta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and āvarta (आवर्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त):—[from sūrya > sūr] m. Name of two plants, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] Scindapsus Officinalis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] a kind of sunflower, Helianthus Indicus, [ib.]
4) [v.s. ...] Cleome Pentaphylla, [ib.]
5) [v.s. ...] Cleome Viscosa, [Horace H. Wilson]
6) [v.s. ...] head-ache which increases or diminishes according to the course of the sun, [Suśruta]
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of Samādhi, [Buddhist literature]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a water-basin, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]
9) Sūryāvartā (सूर्यावर्ता):—[from sūryāvarta > sūrya > sūr] f. Polanisia Icosandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Sūryāvarta (ಸೂರ್ಯಾವರ್ತ):—[noun] the plant Cleome gynandra ( = Gynandropsis pentaphylla) of Capparaceae family.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 9 books and stories containing Suryavarta, Surya-avarta, Sūryāvarta, Sūryāvartā, Sūrya-āvarta; (plurals include: Suryavartas, avartas, Sūryāvartas, Sūryāvartās, āvartas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 9 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (8): Vajrapani rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
Part 15 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (14): Ganadhipa rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
Part 13 - Treatment for indigestion (11): Bhakta-vipaka rasa < [Chapter IV - Irregularity of the digesting heat]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Purification of Kankustha (an ore containing tin) < [Chapter XV - Uparasa (16): Kankustha (an ore containing tin)]
Part 2 - Purification of anjana < [Chapter XIV - Uparasa (15): Anjana (stibnite, sulphide of lead)]
Part 6 - Removal of odour from sulphur < [Chapter VIII - Uparasa (9): Gandhaka (sulphur)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CLXXII - The Nidanam of diseases of the head < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXCIV - Medical treatments of Sinus etc < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXV - Symptoms of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XXVI - Treatment of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 9 - Disorders affecting the Three Vital Regions in the body (trimarma-sddhi) < [Siddhisthana (Siddhi Sthana) — Section on Successful Treatment]