Suryaprabha, Sūryaprabha, Sūryaprabhā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Suryaprabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Sūryaprabhā (सूर्यप्रभा) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Sūryaprabhā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Sūryaprabha (सूर्यप्रभ) is the name of the eighth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva in the 11th-century.

2) Sūryaprabha (सूर्यप्रभ) is the name of an ancient Vidyādhara king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and though, by the favour of Śiva, a prince of the name of Sūryaprabha was ruler over us for a Kalpa of the gods, still he was only lord in the southern division, but in the northern division a prince called Śrutaśarman was emperor”.

3) Sūryaprabha (सूर्यप्रभ) is the name of an ancient king from Vakraloka, according to the nineteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 93. Accordingly, “... there is a city named Vakrolaka, equal to the city of the gods; in it there dwelt a king named Sūryaprabha, equal to Indra. He, like Viṣṇu, rescued this earth, and bore it a long time on his arm, gladdening all men by his frame ever ready to bear their burdens. In the realm of that king [Sūryaprabha] tears were produced only by contact with smoke; there was no talk of death except in the case of the living death of starved lovers, and the only fines were the fine gold sticks in the hands of his warders”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sūryaprabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Sūryaprabhā refers to a medicinal recipe mentioned in the Guḷikākhaṇḍa (verse 7.14) of the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Guḷikākhaṇḍa [mentioning sūryaprabhā] contains recipes that treat patients suffering from conditions such as shivering fever, bleeding, cough, heart diseases, chlorosis, piles, pain in vagina, constipation, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Hinduism glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams

1) sūryaprabha (skt.) lit: 'bright as the sun'; (sūrya-prabha)

2) of the king after whom the 8th Lambaka of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara is called ( [ -tā ] f.) Lit. Kathās.

3) [ sūryaprabha ] m. a kind of Samādhi Lit. Kāraṇḍ.

4) N. of the palace of Lakshmaṇā (wife of Kṛishṇa) Lit. Hariv.

5) of a serpent-demon Lit. Buddh.

6) of a Bodhi-sattva Lit. ib.

7) of various kings Lit. Kathās. Lit. Cat.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Sūryaprabha (सूर्यप्रभ) is another name for Jālinīprabha: a Bodhisattva commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—his color is red; his symbol is the sun-disc. Jālinīprabha is also known by the name of Sūryaprabha.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Nichiren: Buddhism Library

Sūryaprabha; The bodhisattva Sunlight. One of the two bodhisattvas who attend Medicine Master Buddha. See Sunlight.

Sūryaprabha [日光菩薩] (Skt; Jpn Nikkō-bosatsu);

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Suryaprabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sūryaprabha (सूर्यप्रभ).—(1) n. of a Bodhisattva (in Mvy and Sādh follows Candraprabha): Mvy 690; Sādh 96.2; Gv 3.16; (2) n. of a nāga: Mvy 3323; Māy 246.24; (3) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 38.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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