Suryakanta, aka: Śūryakānta, Sūryakānta, Surya-kanta; 10 Definition(s)
Suryakanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śūryakānta can be transliterated into English as Suryakanta or Shuryakanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त).—Name of a waterfall situated in Candradvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Candradvīpa is the name of a celestial region (dvīpa) covering one thousand yojanas.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Śūryakānta (शूर्यकान्त).—A Kulaparvata of the Uttara Kuru country.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
1) Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is a twelve-sided shaft. It is also known by the name Bhānukānta. Its description is found in texts such as the Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.11), Śilparatna (verse 21.59), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.24) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.18).
2) Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to a subtype of the Samyuktastambha type of pillars (stambha). The Sūryakānta is a pillar with two pillarets on either sides.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to one of the two types of Sphaṭika (“crystal”), representing a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] sphaṭika (crystal). Sphaṭika is of two kinds, the sūryakānta and the candrakānta.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त, “sun-stone”).—The sūryakānta, cold to the touch, emits fire when it is exposed to the sun’s rays. Cf. Kālidāsa in Śākuntala, II 7: “In ascetics among whom tranquility predominates, a burning energy is hidden; they are like the sūryakānta, cold to the touch, but which burst into flames when provoked by other fires”. Also see Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त, “sun-loved”).—The name for a certain crystal which gave out heat when exposed to the sun.Source: archive.org: The Mahavastu
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Suryakānta (सुर्यकान्त) refers to a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.
There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (eg., suryakānta) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
sūryakānta (सूर्यकांत).—m (S) A gem, sometimes understood as crystal, but it is rather a stone of fabulous existence. It is represented as bright and glittering, and as sending forth flame when the sunbeams strike upon it. It is worshiped as the sun himself. 2 n A sunflower.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sūryakānta (सूर्यकांत).—m A gem n A sun-flower.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the sun-stone, sun-crystal; स्पर्शानुकूला इव सूर्यकान्तास्तदन्यतेजोऽभिभवाद्वमन्ति (sparśānukūlā iva sūryakāntāstadanyatejo'bhibhavādvamanti) | Ś.2.7.
2) a crystal.
Derivable forms: sūryakāntaḥ (सूर्यकान्तः).
Sūryakānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and kānta (कान्त).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Sūrya (सूर्य) or Sūryya.—m. (-ryaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Gigantic swallow wort, (Asclepias gigantea.)...
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Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) A fabulous gem, the moon-stone, supposed to be formed of ...
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Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल) or Sūryyamaṇḍala.—n. (-laṃ) The orb or disc of the sun. E. sūrya and ...
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Suryakanta, Shurya-kanta, Suryakānta, Sūrya-kānta, Śūrya-kānta, Shuryakanta, Śūryakānta, Sūryakānta, Surya-kanta; (plurals include: Suryakantas, kantas, Suryakāntas, kāntas, Shuryakantas, Śūryakāntas, Sūryakāntas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Moon-stone (chandrakanta) and Sun-stone (suryakanta) < [Chapter XXI - Gems (10-11): Suryakanta (sunstone) and Candrakanta (moonstone)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 12 - On the description of Maṇi Dvīpa < [Book 12]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)