Suryakanta, Śūryakānta, Sūryakānta, Surya-kanta, Suryakamta: 16 definitions



Suryakanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūryakānta can be transliterated into English as Suryakanta or Shuryakanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त).—Name of a waterfall situated in Candradvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Candradvīpa is the name of a celestial region (dvīpa) covering one thousand yojanas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śūryakānta (शूर्यकान्त).—A Kulaparvata of the Uttara Kuru country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is a twelve-sided shaft. It is also known by the name Bhānukānta. Its description is found in texts such as the Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.11), Śilparatna (verse 21.59), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.24) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.18).

2) Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to a subtype of the Samyuktastambha type of pillars (stambha). The Sūryakānta is a pillar with two pillarets on either sides.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to one of the two types of Sphaṭika (“crystal”), representing a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] sphaṭika (crystal). Sphaṭika is of two kinds, the sūryakānta and the candrakānta.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त, “sun-stone”).—The sūryakānta, cold to the touch, emits fire when it is exposed to the sun’s rays. Cf. Kālidāsa in Śākuntala, II 7: “In ascetics among whom tranquility predominates, a burning energy is hidden; they are like the sūryakānta, cold to the touch, but which burst into flames when provoked by other fires”. Also see Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV)

Source: The Mahavastu

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त, “sun-loved”).—The name for a certain crystal which gave out heat when exposed to the sun.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Jainism glossary
Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Suryakānta (सुर्यकान्त) refers to a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (e.g., suryakānta) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūryakānta (सूर्यकांत).—m (S) A gem, sometimes understood as crystal, but it is rather a stone of fabulous existence. It is represented as bright and glittering, and as sending forth flame when the sunbeams strike upon it. It is worshiped as the sun himself. 2 n A sunflower.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūryakānta (सूर्यकांत).—m A gem n A sun-flower.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त).—

1) the sun-stone, sun-crystal; स्पर्शानुकूला इव सूर्यकान्तास्तदन्यतेजोऽभिभवाद्वमन्ति (sparśānukūlā iva sūryakāntāstadanyatejo'bhibhavādvamanti) | Ś.2.7.

2) a crystal.

Derivable forms: sūryakāntaḥ (सूर्यकान्तः).

Sūryakānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sūrya and kānta (कान्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) or Sūryyakānta.—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. The sun-gem, sometimes applied to crystal, but usually to a stone of fabulous existence and properties. 2. A tree, (Hibiscus phœniceus,) the red sort. E. sūrya the sun, kānta a gem.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त).—[masculine] the sun-stone (lit. -beloved, a fabulous gem, cf. candrakānta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त):—[=sūrya-kānta] [from sūrya > sūr] m. ‘sun-loved’, the sun-stone, sun-crystal (a kind of crystal supposed to possess fabulous properties as giving out heat when exposed to the sun; there is a corresponding moonstone See candra-k; also ta-maṇi), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

2) [v.s. ...] crystal, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of flower (= ādityaparṇī), [Caraka]

4) [v.s. ...] Hibiscus Phoeniceus, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त):—[sūrya-kānta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. A gem; Hibiscus phoenicius.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suryakanta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suryakanta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūryakāṃta (ಸೂರ್ಯಕಾಂತ):—[noun] a reddish variety of oligoclase feldspar having a red and bright-yellow play of colour, used as a gem; sun-stone.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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