Surottama, Surottamā, Sura-uttama: 9 definitions


Surottama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Surottama in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Surottama (सुरोत्तम) refers to the “best of gods”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to the Gods: “[...] O gods, if there is a son born of Śiva, he alone can kill the demon Tāraka. O best of gods [i.e., surottama], you carry out the remedy I am suggesting. By the grace of lord Śiva, it can be successfully accomplished. Satī, the daughter of Dakṣa, formerly cast off her body. She is now born of Menakā’s womb. That event is already known to you all. O gods, it is certain that lord Śiva will marry her. Still you shall pursue your endeavour. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Surottamā (सुरोत्तमा).—An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Surottama in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Surottama (सुरोत्तम) refers to the “chiefs of gods”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.4cd-7ab, while describing protection rituals]—“Since all Rakṣasas run away and are killed, then O Devi, I call [white mustard seeds] rakṣoghna. They spread on Earth and in all battles between demons and the chiefs of gods (surottama). [Mustard seeds] are employed as killers of villains in order to accomplish the destruction of enemies. Since their purpose is accomplished then they are called white mustard on Earth. They take away pride in evil-minded spirits”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Surottama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Surottama (सुरोत्तम).—

1) the sun.

2) Indra.

Derivable forms: surottamaḥ (सुरोत्तमः).

Surottama is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sura and uttama (उत्तम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surottama (सुरोत्तम).—m.

(-maḥ) The sun. E. sura a deity, and uttama best.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surottama (सुरोत्तम).—[adjective] the most excellent of the gods (Indra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Surottama (सुरोत्तम):—[from sura > sur] 1. surottama m. (for 2. surot See p. 1236, col. 1) chief of the gods, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of the Sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Surottamā (सुरोत्तमा):—[from surottama > sura > sur] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) Surottama (सुरोत्तम):—[from surā] 2. surottama ([probably]) n. (for 1. surott See p. 1235, col. 2) the scum of Surā, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa] ([Scholiast or Commentator] ‘excellent water’).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Surottama (सुरोत्तम):—[suro+ttama] (maḥ) 1. m. The sun.

[Sanskrit to German]

Surottama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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