Suriya, aka: Sūriya; 5 Definition(s)
Suriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Suriya. A Devaputta. Once, when he was seized by Rahu, lord of the Asuras, he invoked the power of the Buddha, and the Buddha enjoined on Rahu to let him go. This Rahu did, and Suriya is spoken of as seeking Vepacitti and standing by his side, trembling and with stiffened hair (S.i.51; cf. Candima). Suriya is one of the inhabitants of the Catummaharajika world (MNidA.108). Suriya and Candima are both under the rule of Sakka, and we find Sakka asking them to stop their journeying at his behest. (E.g., when he wished the Samaneras Pandita and Sukha to be able to meditate undisturbed (DhA.ii.143; iii.97). See also DhA.iii.208).
Suriya was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.260). He is sometimes (PSA. 253) described as Adicca (Aditis son). The disk of the sun, which forms Suriyas vimana, is fifty leagues in diameter (E.g., D.iii.196).
2. Suriya. A son of Sakka (q.v.).Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
suriya : (m.) the sun. || sūriya (m.), the sun.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Sūriya, (nt.) (abstr. fr. sūra1) valour S. V, 227 (text, sūra); J. I, 282; Miln. 4. (Page 722)
— or —
Suriya, (Vedic sūrya cp. suvar light, heaven; Idg. *sāǔel, as in Gr. h(λios, Lat. sōl. , Goth. sauil sun; Oir. sūil “eye”; cp. also Gr. sέlas splendour, selήnh moon, & many others, for which see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. sōl) 1. the sun Vin. I, 2; D. II, 319; Sn. 687; A. I, 227; S. V, 29 sq.; J. II, 73; Vism. 231 (in simile), 416 (the seventh sun), 417 (myth of pop. etym.), 690 (in sim.); Miln. 299; KhA 21 (bāla°, in simile); PvA. 137, 211; VbhA. 519; size of the sun DhsA. 318; suriyaṃ uṭṭhāpeti to go on till sunrise J. I, 318.—2. the sun as a god D. II, 259; S. I, 51; J. IV, 63, etc.; VI, 89, 90, 201, 247, 263, etc.
—atthaṅgamana sunset VvA. 295. —uggamana sunrise Mhvs 23, 22; J. I, 107. —kanta the sun-gem, a kind of gem Miln. 118. —ggāha eclipse of the sun D. I, 10; J. I, 374. —maṇḍala the orb of the sun A. I, 283; Dhs. 617. —rasmi a sunbeam J. I, 502. —vattika a sun-worshipper Nd1 89. (Page 720)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
suṛyā (सुऱ्या).—m A vessel drilled with holes. a That sings second with.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Suriya (सुरिय).—(= Pali id., MIndic for Sanskrit sūrya), sun: read in LV 54.3 (verse) jihma sarva tuṣitālayo bhuto jambudvīpi suriyo (so best ms.; ed. puri yo) udāgataḥ, the whole Tuṣita-abode has become darkened, (since) the sun (= the Bodhisattva) has arisen in Jambudvīpa; candrasuriye LV 276.4 (verse); Suriyatejā Gv 259.7 (verse), see s.v. Sūryatejas.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Suriya or Sūriya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 542: The Khaṇḍahāla-jātaka < [Volume 6]
Jataka 450: Biḷāri-Kosiya-jātaka < [Volume 4]
Jataka 535: Sudhābhojana-jātaka < [Volume 5]
The Buddha and His Disciples (by Venerable S. Dhammika)
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter IV - Mañjarī-jātaka < [Volume II]
Chapter XIX - Gotama’s early wanderings < [Volume II]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)