Suriya, aka: Sūriya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Suriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Suriya. A Devaputta. Once, when he was seized by Rahu, lord of the Asuras, he invoked the power of the Buddha, and the Buddha enjoined on Rahu to let him go. This Rahu did, and Suriya is spoken of as seeking Vepacitti and standing by his side, trembling and with stiffened hair (S.i.51; cf. Candima). Suriya is one of the inhabitants of the Catummaharajika world (MNidA.108). Suriya and Candima are both under the rule of Sakka, and we find Sakka asking them to stop their journeying at his behest. (E.g., when he wished the Samaneras Pandita and Sukha to be able to meditate undisturbed (DhA.ii.143; iii.97). See also DhA.iii.208).

Suriya was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.260). He is sometimes (PSA. 253) described as Adicca (Aditis son). The disk of the sun, which forms Suriyas vimana, is fifty leagues in diameter (E.g., D.iii.196).

2. Suriya. A son of Sakka (q.v.).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Suriya in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

suriya : (m.) the sun. || sūriya (m.), the sun.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sūriya, (nt.) (abstr. fr. sūra1) valour S. V, 227 (text, sūra); J. I, 282; Miln. 4. (Page 722)

— or —

Suriya, (Vedic sūrya cp. suvar light, heaven; Idg. *sāǔel, as in Gr. h(λios, Lat. sōl. , Goth. sauil sun; Oir. sūil “eye”; cp. also Gr. sέlas splendour, selήnh moon, & many others, for which see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. sōl) 1. the sun Vin. I, 2; D. II, 319; Sn. 687; A. I, 227; S. V, 29 sq.; J. II, 73; Vism. 231 (in simile), 416 (the seventh sun), 417 (myth of pop. etym.), 690 (in sim.); Miln. 299; KhA 21 (bāla°, in simile); PvA. 137, 211; VbhA. 519; size of the sun DhsA. 318; suriyaṃ uṭṭhāpeti to go on till sunrise J. I, 318.—2. the sun as a god D. II, 259; S. I, 51; J. IV, 63, etc.; VI, 89, 90, 201, 247, 263, etc.

—atthaṅgamana sunset VvA. 295. —uggamana sunrise Mhvs 23, 22; J. I, 107. —kanta the sun-gem, a kind of gem Miln. 118. —ggāha eclipse of the sun D. I, 10; J. I, 374. —maṇḍala the orb of the sun A. I, 283; Dhs. 617. —rasmi a sunbeam J. I, 502. —vattika a sun-worshipper Nd1 89. (Page 720)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

suṛyā (सुऱ्या).—m A vessel drilled with holes. a That sings second with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suriya (सुरिय).—(= Pali id., MIndic for Sanskrit sūrya), sun: read in LV 54.3 (verse) jihma sarva tuṣitālayo bhuto jambudvīpi suriyo (so best ms.; ed. puri yo) udāgataḥ, the whole Tuṣita-abode has become darkened, (since) the sun (= the Bodhisattva) has arisen in Jambudvīpa; candrasuriye LV 276.4 (verse); Suriyatejā Gv 259.7 (verse), see s.v. Sūryatejas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Sūrya (सूर्य) or Sūryya.—m. (-ryaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. Gigantic swallow wort, (Asclepias gigantea.)...
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Suryamandala
Sūryamaṇḍala (सूर्यमण्डल).—the orb of the sun. Derivable forms: sūryamaṇḍalam (सूर्यमण्डलम्).Sū...
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Sūryabhakta (सूर्यभक्त).—a. one who worships the sun. -ktaḥ the tree Bandhūka or its flower. Sū...
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Sūryāsta (सूर्यास्त) or Sūryyāsta.—n. (-staṃ) Sun-set. E. sūrya the sun asta setting.
Suryamani
Sūryamaṇi (सूर्यमणि) or Sūryyamaṇi.—m. (-ṇiḥ) 1. A tree, (Hibiscus phœniceus.) 2. The sun-stone...
Suryaloka
Sūryāloka (सूर्यालोक).—sunshine. Derivable forms: sūryālokaḥ (सूर्यालोकः).Sūryāloka is a Sanskr...
Pratisurya
Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य) or Pratisūryya.—m. (-ryaḥ) A lizard, a chameleon. n. adv. (-ryaṃ) 1. Op...
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Sūryāvarta (सूर्यावर्त).—n. of a samādhi: SP 424.8.--- OR --- Sūryāvartā (सूर्यावर्ता).—n. of a...
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Suryabimba
Sūryabimba (सूर्यबिम्ब).—the disc of the sun. Derivable forms: sūryabimbaḥ (सूर्यबिम्बः).Sūryab...
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Sūryakānti (सूर्यकान्ति).—f. 1) sun-light. 2) a particular flower. 3) the flower of sesamum. Sū...
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