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Suriya, aka: Sūriya; 3 Definition(s)


Suriya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Suriya. A Devaputta. Once, when he was seized by Rahu, lord of the Asuras, he invoked the power of the Buddha, and the Buddha enjoined on Rahu to let him go. This Rahu did, and Suriya is spoken of as seeking Vepacitti and standing by his side, trembling and with stiffened hair (S.i.51; cf. Candima). Suriya is one of the inhabitants of the Catummaharajika world (MNidA.108). Suriya and Candima are both under the rule of Sakka, and we find Sakka asking them to stop their journeying at his behest. (E.g., when he wished the Samaneras Pandita and Sukha to be able to meditate undisturbed (DhA.ii.143; iii.97). See also DhA.iii.208).

Suriya was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.260). He is sometimes (PSA. 253) described as Adicca (Aditis son). The disk of the sun, which forms Suriyas vimana, is fifty leagues in diameter (E.g., D.iii.196).

2. Suriya. A son of Sakka (q.v.).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


suriya : (m.) the sun. || sūriya (m.), the sun.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sūriya, (nt.) (abstr. fr. sūra1) valour S. V, 227 (text, sūra); J. I, 282; Miln. 4. (Page 722)

— or —

Suriya, (Vedic sūrya cp. suvar light, heaven; Idg. *sāǔel, as in Gr. h(λios, Lat. sōl. , Goth. sauil sun; Oir. sūil “eye”; cp. also Gr. sέlas splendour, selήnh moon, & many others, for which see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. sōl) 1. the sun Vin. I, 2; D. II, 319; Sn. 687; A. I, 227; S. V, 29 sq.; J. II, 73; Vism. 231 (in simile), 416 (the seventh sun), 417 (myth of pop. etym.), 690 (in sim.); Miln. 299; KhA 21 (bāla°, in simile); PvA. 137, 211; VbhA. 519; size of the sun DhsA. 318; suriyaṃ uṭṭhāpeti to go on till sunrise J. I, 318.—2. the sun as a god D. II, 259; S. I, 51; J. IV, 63, etc.; VI, 89, 90, 201, 247, 263, etc.

—atthaṅgamana sunset VvA. 295. —uggamana sunrise Mhvs 23, 22; J. I, 107. —kanta the sun-gem, a kind of gem Miln. 118. —ggāha eclipse of the sun D. I, 10; J. I, 374. —maṇḍala the orb of the sun A. I, 283; Dhs. 617. —rasmi a sunbeam J. I, 502. —vattika a sun-worshipper Nd1 89. (Page 720)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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