Sureshvari, Sureśvarī, Sura-ishvari: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Sureshvari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sureśvarī can be transliterated into English as Suresvari or Sureshvari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sureshvari in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Sureśvarī (सुरेश्वरी) is the name of a Goddess that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—These Goddesses (e.g., Sureśvarī) form the shining galaxy of female deities worshipped by the people of Kaśmīra.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sureshvari in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sureśvarī (सुरेश्वरी) is the name of a sacred mountain range in Kaśmīra, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly as the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā said to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva: “... after hearing this from the science [Prajñapti] she [Alaṅkāravatī] went with her mother [Kāñcanaprabhā] to Kaśmīra, and worshipped Śiva in all the holy places, in Nandikṣetra, and Mahādevagiri, in Amaraparvata, in the mountains of Sureśvarī, and in Vijaya, and Kapaṭeśvara. After worshipping the husband of Pārvatī in these and other holy places, that princess of the Vidyādharas and her mother returned home”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sureśvarī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sureshvari in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sureśvari (सुरेश्वरि) (also, Deveśī) refers to the “mistress of the gods”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Śrīkaṇṭha said to the Goddess: “Having abandoned this Vaiṣṇavī Māyā, reveal (your) essential nature (svarūpa). Tell me the Kula liturgy (krama) and (give me) the Kaulika consecration. O mistress of the gods [i.e., deveśī], you are my saviour. There is no other (true) Vidyā at all. (I am) devoid of the Command and have fallen from (my) austerities. O mistress of the gods [i.e., sureśvari], tell (me) the knowledge (that will liberate me)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sureshvari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sureśvarī (सुरेश्वरी):—[from sureśvara > sura > sur] f. Name of Durgā, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] of Lakṣmī, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of Rādhā, [Pañcarātra]

4) [v.s. ...] of the celestial Ganges, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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