Suppara, Suppāra: 3 definitions



Suppara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Suppara or Supparaka. A seaport in India. It was in the Sunaparanta country and was the birthplace of Punna. There was regular trade between Bharukaccha, Supparaka and Suvannabhumi (See, e.g., Ap.ii.476 (vs.13f.); AA.i.156).

From Suppara to Savatthi was one hundred and twenty leagues (DhA.ii.214; UdA.85), Savatthi being to the north east of Suppara. UdA.84 (pubbuttaradisabhagayam). Vijaya and his followers landed there on their way to Ceylon, but had to leave because the people were incensed by their behaviour (; Dpv.ix.15f). Ubbari was once born in Supparaka as a horse dealers daughter (DhA.iv.50). It was also the residence of Bahiya Daruciriya.

Supparaka (Skt. Surparaka) is identified with the modern Sopara in the Thana district, to the north of Bombay. Imperial Gazetteer of India sv., but see Sunaparanta.

Supparaka. The Bodhisatta born as a master mariner (niyyamakajettha) of Bharukaccha. See the Supparaka Jataka.


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Trade: A Survey

Suppara (Sopara, north of Mumbai) is the name of a port city mentioned in the 1st century Periplus Maris Erythraei in connection with overseas trading in ancient India.—Ports thus dotted the Indian coast, and many of them were listed in Greek and Roman texts, such as the Periplus Maris Erythraei or “Voyage around the Erythrean Sea”, an anonymous Greek travelogue of the 1st century CE, ‘Erythrean’ referring to the Arabian Sea together with the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. It named ports such as Suppara, among many others.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Suppāraka (सुप्पारक) is the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Suppāraka was a seaport town. Suppāraka Sanskrit Surpāraka, and is mentioned in the Dīpavaṁsa (p. 55) and Mahāvaṁsa, (p. 60) as well. It is identical with Supārā or Sopāra, in the district of Thānā, 37 miles north of Bombay and about 4 miles north-west of Bassein.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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